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Is the US considered a third world country?

Although the term “third world country” means little more than a political, geographical generalization that is often mistaken to mean “extremely poor,” “brazenly oppressed,” “under-developed,” even “weak” or “inferior.”A different way to approach this question is not to use the term “third world country” and examine closely the actual terms that are relevant to this question.There are other descriptors of the US that seem to contradict the notion of what a “third world country,” is:“wealthiest nation in the world”“most powerful military in the world”the “President is the leader of the free-world; most powerful (man) on the planet”the “US is technologically and scientifically advanced beyond so many other countries”the “US is the home of freedom, free speech, open discourse, transparent elections,” and claims are made that people in the US are so “free” others hate us for “being free,” when that is a complete appeal to emotion (a non-argument)Then we could take a look at some possible claims that support the notion that the US is not very much like the previous bulleted stereotypes:it is generally accepted that 75% of Americans live “paycheck to paycheck” with little or no surplus income to save, invest, plan for emergencies800,000 American children go missing, annually.the percentage of people who live under the limbo-bar called the federal poverty line is severely underestimated, by institutional policy and based on financial values that have no basis in the face of actual inflationbetter estimates of real poverty can be gotten by calculating how the US Census (not Health and Human Services) arrive at their arbitrary measure of poverty, calculations unadjusted for by inflation or cost of living based on prices of terminally finite resourcesover 2 million US children are homeless year-round; this sets them up for a lifetime of strugglethere is a parasitic infection caused by hookworm and is easily preventable such that it has been described as “a 3rd world issue” because only the most helpless populations develop significant cases of hookworm, populations within “third world countries.” It is a “third world disease” and yet untreated hookworm infection is a serious problem in the south/southeast of the US.the US may have the most “powerful” military but that came at extreme expense, growing the debt on purpose. Worse, Congress does not have to even approve of a war anymore and when people really do not want war or to send their children to die they have no say (in all seriousness). There isn’t even time to say, “wait, can we take a deep breath, wait a few days and maybe vote?” before troops are deployed en masse. That is false flag governance.the right to a “free press” is a guaranteed right (the Bill of Rights) but having a “right” to something does not mean that the press and media are truly free and independent; we know this because the media is almost entirely corporate owned or infiltrated by secret societies like CIA, the Fed, and so on; this is public information confirmed in Senate hearings.It was difficult to define “capitalist” just as it was to define “communist” in strict terms during the latter 20th century.The US is not capitalist, but rather, corporatist; corporatism is a synonym for fascism.The Supreme Court determined that the US is no longer a republic, but better described as a corporation.Corporations are now considered to be citizens. This means they have a right to “due process,” just as real, living, individuals. This sort of perversion of language into “legalese” was predictable.the important meaning of being a citizen and the important benefits of citizenship were things trivializedall the money that supposedly makes for a “strong economy” is not official government money or “US Notes” (a la Lincoln and Kennedy) where the money is to be minted and its supply controlled only by Congress, as demanded by the Constitutioninstead, so-called American riches = the national debt, because all of the money in circulation is debt, a system created in 1913 by a private banking cartel, through an act of Congress, and which was never a part of the Treasury, and this is still Constitutionally illegalcreation of the Federal Reserve by a single stupid act of Congress led to the creation of the Internal Revenue Service, with an apportioned income tax, also Constitutionally illegal, that came about through the 16th amendment. The 16th was never ratified and would not be ratified if they tried to pass it again, legitimately.About a third of people’s earnings are withheld before they get paid because the Fed and IRS system automatically made the US people the guarantors of the debt. After paying for health, dental insurance, then social security tax, Medicare tax, it approaches 40-45%. This used to be the definition of “indenture” and Madison and the drafters made it abundantly clear that it should never happen, yet it did.The US’s latest rankings in effective education (literacy and numeracy) places it at the level of competitors who are considered 3rd world, or what are referred to as 3rd world countries. Many can graduate high school at a 7th-grade reading level, which is better than the ones reading at a 4th-grade level. If people can afford to attend college, they’re not well prepared enough to succeed anyway.There is a rumor (it’s verifiable fact) that no one can become President of the United States unless they are a member and loyalist of the Council on Foreign Relations.Voting doesn’t change constant warfare or monolithic bureaucratic agencies that have superseded the 3 branches. Voting doesn’t seem to make any difference. “Voter apathy” doesn’t mean people don’t care about elections—they’ve just seen enough disappointment and disgust to realize that “one person, one vote” doesn’t mean squat. Why keep playing that silly game of “pick the lesser evil.”Voter fraud is actually *voter suppression* through redistricting and convoluted processes just to vote, and is rampant. Now election ballot boxes are more popular based on the “hanging chads” when Gore lost, but secret “black boxes” of vote counts, run by select and privileged companies.“Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) Systems: DRE systems employ computers that record votes directly into the computers' memory. These interfaces may incorporate touchscreens, dials, or mechanical buttons. The voter's choices are stored by the computer on a cartridge or hard drive. Some DRE systems are also equipped with a printer, which the voter may use to confirm his or her choices before committing them to the computer's memory. The paper records can be preserved to be tabulated in case of an audit or recount.[1]”How often would hand tabulation be demanded and implemented? After an election there is a brief period where candidates concede to a loss or accept that they lost, before which, the media begins making premature claims or has a hand in pushing a final election determination. It’s been seen before in Gore vs. Bush. Black box voting machines are simply too easily used for voter fraud. elections, recounts are arguably not a means of legitimizing the momentum of press polling news. The Supreme Court allowed “George & Jeb” to bypass a serious recount or a decision by the Congress, a power not granted to nine (9) individual, septuagenarians, and octogenarians.the two political party system creates a constantly polarized/divided society mired in constant partisan bickering when in reality:political parties, DNC or RNC don’t do anything for people but guide in “acceptable” candidates into the duopoloypolitics is about “who gets what” but that has nothing to do with (D) or (R) because the two parties do absolutely nothing for their “members” but help guide elections through primaries and other antiquated state-biased traditions of voting and self-congratulatory party ‘celebrations.’ Oh, the excitement of conventions! It’s fake and reminiscent of recorded studio laughter.if hypothetically, 100% percent of all eligible voters in the United States unanimously voted for a particular candidatethat candidate could still “lose” the election.People simply do not understand the intentionally convoluted election systemPeople do not understand the money system. It is controlled by bankers. Monetary policy is not the same thing as the for-profit business of banking. Monetary policy is for the convenience and benefit of the people and should not be used for the enrichment of the few. Worse still, monetary policy is controlled by non-governmental groups that are not audited. [What they do is a SECRET, yet the majority doesn’t know this; they would likely question it if only more knew about it].Since 1955 the value of the “dollar” has dropped to 6% of its value only 62 years ago. One hundred pennies can now buy what six pennies could buy in the ’50s.It is said that 80% of the wealth “in the US” is controlled by 7% of the population. When the concentration of wealth becomes that severe, it usually signals the end of an empire, the general disappearance of opportunity.The US imprisons more per capita than any other country and it does so in an obviously racist way. And who pays? Of course, the public pays to house and feed all these people.13TH | Netflix Official SiteCaptive Audience: How Companies Make Millions Charging Prisoners to Send An EmailThe “War on Drugs” is the primary reason for filling up prisons. Yet prohibition only causes social problems, it doesn’t solve or improve anything—it’s been long enough that it’s clearly failed public policy in the form of human rights violations in the name of “saving the children.” The war on drugs creates drug cartels, demonstrated repeatedly in history. The secret societies within the government who operate without oversight or audit or scrutiny are actually the world’s biggest drug dealers, this is common knowledge and not disputed around the world. They are able to smuggle drugs by landing directly in military airfields. The “Cocaine Importing Agency” is the nickname given to the world’s biggest drug dealer or creator of drug overlords in other countries.The food supply of the US is controlled by basically four food corporations and their use of the USDA as a vehicle to get their way, even with GMO’s from Monsanto (a weapons company who make Agent Orange and Napalm and was developing GMO’s as agricultural, biological, weapons.”Every municipal water supply is intentionally dumped with a toxic waste that is produced from petroleum refinery and phosphate, aluminum, fertilizer, production. This toxic waste is the source of fluoride ions in “fluoridated water” which is added to public drinking water under the premise that it is “dental medicine” (yet not dose controlled or patient specific as with all medicines).The truth is that before this “great idea” or fluoridated water, the same companies used to dump this waste in the water illegally, in violation of environmental laws. Now it’s put in as dental medicine.San Diego was the last US city to lose their battle against “fluoridating” their water with industrial toxic (deadly) waste. It sounds weird and it is, that’s all that can be said about that.When you see a child starving to death with a distended belly, covered in flies, essentially powerless—politically, economically, educationally, nutritionally, legally—it may seem so far off, it could be another planet. Their misery comes from the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Fed, the Bank of International Settlements because their governments accepted “aid” which turned out to be debt at interest so severe they can never hope to dig themselves out.I don’t believe the vast majority of Americans are that far off since our government has been accepting “fake money” as debt from the same banking cartels, the very same affliction on under-developed and exploited countries. “Clean your plate! There are children starving in other countries!”There are people starving in your state, maybe your neighborhood.If they are not starving they endure what is called “food insecurity”—you don’t know where the next meal will come from—this creates a sort of terrifying existential angst that alters the development of the mind, of mental health, and this poverty destroys entire generations of people.The problem of extreme poverty is ignored or denied and I believe that this is partly the result of delusion, ego, or ignorance that the US is “most wealthy” “most powerful” “most special,” when these descriptions describe nothing more than the people whose ancestors were the best thieves and money hoarders, the hidden elite or US aristocracy (some aren’t US citizens).“3rd world country” versus “wealthiest and best country” is an illusion or false dichotomy, and the gap is narrowing as the middle class fades away.Then is there anything positive that can be said?The American people are resilient and value ingenuity and dedication to defeat forces of tyranny, injustice, and aristocratic nonsense.They say after your dreams are quashed, then all they can try to take away is the hope remaining.There is one thing positive: It may sound as if the US has problems of such seriousness and number that nothing can be done. Yet the direct source of so many problems in the US is the fraudulent system of money control that let the Fed concentrate all the wealth from the worst possible form of insider trading.The Monetary Act, reforming the system of money in the US which forces our government to borrow budgets (money) from bankers (which is a criminal and fraudulent activity) could repeal the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, print US Notes equal to the amount of “Federal Reserve Notes” while simultaneously:eliminating the national debt without inflation or deflationeliminating the source or main interest behind constant warfare through debt accumulation (bankers and Iron Triangle Corporatists)bringing in the Fed as an audited and monitored part of the Treasury in reality, not in mythEconomics as a discipline “of managing scarce resources” could be taught at Universities again instead of Neoclassical lies and “trickle-down” fraud, equating economics or the “economy” to the state of the “financial markets” which are rigged by the nature of the monetary system.we might get something in return for our taxes besides useless weapons that are still corroding in the ground from the arms raceAmerican Monetary Institute (Wikipedia)AMI (American Monetary Institute) (official)"American Monetary Institute" on Revolvy.comThe people in their millions truly hold the power, something almost forgotten, and we can make the system grind to halt, without any need for bailouts, simply by deciding that enough is enough.Bailouts of companies that deserve to fail are antithetical to having companies win through competition in somewhat open markets.Adam Smith is often misinterpreted, idolized for economic concepts that were mere vagaries. The magical or supernatural ‘invisible hand’ of markets was secretly the hand of control of those already in control of large wealth. Think how stupid it is to believe in a theory of an independently magical hand with intent.The real context was “everything for us and nothing for anyone else.”No matter what anyone tells you, read those passages in a most influential book that interests few, “everything for us and nothing for anyone else,” as the highest goal.The Wealth of Nations is ethical egoism, just like literary fiction by Ayn Rand.The failure of a large corporation “too big to fail” yet embroiled in fraud does not destroy economies. These are appeals to fear.Instead, there are periodic recessions with disastrous financial instability. People have very short-term memories of these calamities for some odd reason. It is a “boom-and-bust system.” It booms, then it bursts. Sometimes bubbles can grow large but they eventually burst.These recessions/depressions punctuate a steadily increasing rate of inflation, and are periodic. A decade or two will not pass before a major financial downturn.downturns intentionally are used as a way to concentrate the wealth of the nation into very few hands, through the deliberate control of inflation and deflation. Inflation and deflation result from large changes to the money supply—expansion and contraction of the amount of money in circulation.The Great Depression of the 20th century was not caused by a stock market panic or a run on the banks. The Great Depression was deliberately caused by the extreme contraction or removal of money from circulation. No reasons have ever been offered for that contraction of money that doomed so many Americans for decades of misery and lack of hope. Far worse than a lack of jobs, there was no money to run businesses, there was no money to do anything. What bankers did then was a crime, treason, IMO.The response was to create more spending in civilian projects, of course, all this money was lent by the Fed, creating more debt.Inflation and deflation are not necessary, they are not considered normal when a country controls its own money.If you take nothing from this answer, this true assertion above is the most important fact that anyone can remember in our timeThe purpose of a central bank is to create inflation. One can read this on the Fed website. This admission by itself means that central banks are unnecessary, a problem.if a group can cause or trigger downturns intentionally, they knew exactly when to “buy low and sell high” while all others must guess at markets and take the most reasonable risk/gain ratios. Boy, insider trading of the entire market sure is a neat trick.One day people may catch on.When the “dollar” drops past $0.06 to maybe $0.02 (2% of its value) this situation might attract slightly more attention than it does now.edit:One may wonder, how, in the olden days before the IRS in 1933, the US used to manage to not have an apportioned income tax.Before an unapportioned income tax that was supposedly allowed for by the 16th amendment, yet never ratified, the US used to produce its revenue from tariffs, from the process of trade.Greenspan kept rates low, also kept low by Bernanke, low rates for so long that a substantial increase could trigger economic calamity due to abrupt change.First, the Fed is not the government, is not part of the Treasury, it is a private banking cartel given the illusion of government affiliation by 1) Senate confirmation 2) the Fed building on the national mall (both just meaningless symbols that project legitimacy where there is none).Consider the power of the Fed, if the top elected official cannot criticize the Fed which is not even government, something is wrong.Further, the two-term limit on the president prevents the President from making any significant changes to the makeup of the Board of the Fed even in eight years. It was set up this way, otherwise, all elected officials should be restricted to two terms, or reconsider checks and balances and be fair. There is no term limitation on Vice-presidents who can serve to preside over the Senate, as many times as they like.Regarding John Nance Garner, “Like most vice presidents in this era, Garner had little to do and little influence on the president's policies. He famously described the vice presidency as being "not worth a bucket of warm piss". (For many years, this quote was bowdlerized as "warm spit".)[6] That was when the losing candidate, the runner-up of the election from the losing party would become Vice President. (Different from today, yes?)The Senate confirms Fed nominees, to appointments that are not governmental positions, it is a ruse of appearances.I’m no fan of Trump and have many doubts, but regarding this issue, more importantly, consider how the talking news heads seem to have only praise for the Fed, an illegitimate institution, it is not only “independent” it is “private,” worse it is “secret.”I have no more confidence in corporate controlled news media, than I do of Trump and there is no reason to have confidence, possibly misplaced, in either.The two purposes of the Fed:provide a reserve of value in case of financial calamityguarantee 100% employmentThere is no reserve according to a Fed spokesman who stated that they haven’t had any gold since 1938. Presumably this is when the IMF removed the gold from Fort Knox.Arguably 100% employment is unrealistic and likely impossible. Some who could work have been stricken with disability or illness for example, some economists believe 100% unemployment is impossible.Why keep playing the game that the Fed does what it is supposed to do or serves the interests of the US as a nation and the individual citizenry?Just challenging the Fed is something because many people don’t want to be killed. The last time anyone challenged the Fed directly, it was Ronald Reagan’s programming interrupting news break, stating that “the Federal Reserve is the single greatest threat to the future of the United States.”Perhaps it was coincidence, but he was shot by “loner” (meaning no conspiracy) John Hinkley Jr., a few weeks later.edit, video addition:edit, new article regardingToo Many Americans Will Never Be Able to RetireWithout more babies and immigrants, the country won’t be able to support its aging population.Traditionally, Americans could look forward to a comfortable retirement. After four decades in an office or a factory, sometime in their 60s they would lay down their burdens and enjoy a final couple of decades with time to relax, spend time with family and friends, and reflect on their life. But since the financial crisis, older Americans have been increasingly staying in the workplace:figure, active (please see the article): No Rest for the Elderly: Employment-population ratio, age 65 and over without disabilitiesSome see this as a positive trend, because it adds to the economy. But others rightfully view it with trepidation, because there’s the distinct possibility that many of these elderly people just can’t afford to retire. Whether their nest eggs were wiped out in the housing crash, or they just didn’t save enough, or whether their kids don’t make enough money to support them, the decline of retirement seems like an ominous development.The pressures on older Americans to work will likely only become greater in the coming years. This is because the young, working population needed to support retirees will see slower growth, and possibly outright shrinkage.As recently as 10 years ago, the U.S. had unusually high fertility rates for a developed nation. The total fertility rate — the number of children a woman can be expected to have over her lifetime — was about 2.1 children per woman, which is the level required for long-term population stability. But since then, the rate has fallen to 1.8 in 2016, implying long-term population shrinkage:figure, active (please see the article): Baby Bust: U.S. fertility rate, children per womanedit, Feb 2019 to add relevant essays:U.S. Is a Rich Country With Symptoms of a Developing Nationexorbitantly high construction costs and health care costs are both implicated in the overall results as consequencesThe US has a lot of money, but it does not look like a developed countryprinted 2017 but has many data charts regarding many key characteristics of economic and political well-beingU.S. Government Seen as Most Corrupt in Seven Years:The U.S. plunged in an annual global corruption index as a surge in support for populist leaders and the erosion of democracy hobbled efforts to tackle graft around the world.The U.S. under President Donald Trump dropped six places to 22nd globally in the 2018 corruption-perception index published by the Berlin-based Transparency International. Denmark came in first, trading places with New Zealand, which was deemed least corrupt in 2017.…“Our research makes a clear link between having a healthy democracy and successfully fighting public-sector corruption,” said Delia Ferreira Rubio, the chair of Transparency International. “Corruption is much more likely to flourish where democratic foundations are weak and, as we have seen in many countries, where undemocratic and populist politicians can use it to their advantage.”edit June 2019:I noticed this share:Half of Americans Are Effectively Poor Now. What The?There are days I feel like I read dystopian statistics for a living. And then there are day when the dystopian statistics take even my jaded breath away. Here’s one: 43% of American households can’t afford a budget that includes housing, food, childcare, healthcare, transportation, and a cellphone. Translation: nearly half of Americans can’t afford the basics of life anymore.Does that take your breath away too? It should. And yet it might not come as a surprise. You might know it intimately. The statistics say there’s an even chance you’re…living it. What a grim and bizarre reality. Half of people are effectively poor in the world’s richest country. What the?The folks that did the study above call this new class of people ALICE, for “asset limited, income constrained, employed.” It’s a sharp way to think about American collapse. Let me translate this term, too: the people formerly known as the American middle class.edit Oct 2019:Colleges Should Not Have to Have Food PantriesA recent survey of nearly 86,000 students found that 45 percent of respondents reported food insecurity in the previous 30 days, meaning they had limited or uncertain access to food. Fifty-six percent had been housing insecure in the previous year—that is, they were unable to pay full rent, lived in overcrowded conditions, or experienced other instability. Seventeen percent had been homeless at some point during the year. Despite a lack of representative national data, the evidence has continued to mount, and a steady stream of news stories has documented what it looks like on the ground: students sleeping in airports and in their cars, taking “hunger naps” when they can’t afford to eat, trading tips on how to keep their homework dry when living in the woods.Homeless college students. Just wow. The root cause of this problem is central bank control of the US money system. In fact, that is the cause of all major problems. The massive contraction of the money supply was the direct cause of the Great Depression—there simply was no money available. Money hoarders who have concentrated the wealth have the same effect of money taken out of circulation or available to others.May 2020, edit:The US under corporatism leads to a looted infrastructure that cannot handle calamity or emergency. Socialistic policy on the other hand, bolsters and strengthens the infrastructure. Corporations say “people are our greatest resource”What they really mean is “exploiting people is the source of all our concentrated wealth.”December 2020, edit:Even before the pandemic, for many, one trip to the Emergency Room and inpatient care would result in bankruptcy. Also, most in the US live paycheck to paycheck and so most did not have $400 saved in an emergency savings account in case of an emergency such as a sudden necessary car repair or medical urgency. In developed nations, healthcare is a right, but not in the third world or the US.During what is called the largest upward transfer of wealth in history there is also a virus pandemic and its economic consequences.Lines of cars extend for miles, awaiting food bank donations and nutritional supplementation. A recent statistic states that 1 in 6 in the US are food insecure.The moratoriums and forebearances on rent and mortgages end on December 31, 2020 with about 19 million facing eviction or foreclosure. Some developed countries make it illegal to evict or foreclose during the dead of winter months, January and February.The recent “stimulus” talks amounting to about $1 trillion dollars, nothing was said about the looming housing crisis/humanitarian disaster.Stealing to survive: More Americans are shoplifting food as aid runs out during the pandemic (Washington Post)Within that article:A growing number of Americans are going hungry: 26 million now say they don’t have enough to eat, as the pandemic worsens and holidays nearFebruary 1, 2021:10 GOP Senators plan to propose a new compromise COVID-19 bill which would shrink direct payments to Americans from $1,400 to $1,000meanwhileThe majority of Americans were forced to withdraw from their retirement in 2020, survey saysThanks for reading

Which technology can help reduce carbon footprints?

Not wind and solar as the Alarmists believe. After more than 5 trillion wasted on subsidies these renewables have yet to reach 1 % of world wide energy consumption. Also Co2 continues to rise but this does not matter as there is no evidence our carbon footprint has any impact on the climate. This claim is pseudo science and a hoax.Think about what we learned in high school about the importance of photosynthesis the elixir of plant life.– CO2 is integral to the Carbon Cycle of Life, as such CO2 is a necessary requirement for Carbon Based Life Forms. CO2 feeds life and is the source of organic carbon whence it was extracted through photosynthesis by plants and phytoplankton. More atmospheric CO2 feeds more life.– Theory that atmospheric CO2 (0.04%) causes the Earth’s surface to warm by reflecting the energy emitted by the Earth’s surface. This Theory has no Laws, Axioms, Postulates, nor formulae because we are unable to measure this purported physical property of ‘greenhouse gases’ in the real world. We can’t even measure this property on Mars with an atmosphere of 95% CO2. This theory is used to promote the idea that less atmospheric CO2 helps life.Fortunately the public are increasingly put off by foolish unproven climate hysteria blaming industry for a warming climate and now for a cooling climate. Recent elections in Australia, Canada and Holland all reject the alarmist fear mongering. The public are not duped by fudged data and far fetched exaggerated predictions about sea levels, polar bears and glacier ice.No climate for change: How Scott Morrison used Labor's policies against them as Americans hail 'the Trump effect' after pollsters' catastrophic blunderScott Morrison’s ‘miracle’ election win has been cheered by US conservatives and compared to Donald Trump’s surprise 2016 presidential win.The Coalition won despite 55 Newspolls in a row predicting they would lose – echoing how the US president rose to power against pollsters’ predictions in 2016.The Liberal campaign had emphasized the cost of Labor’s climate change policies – which included reducing carbon emissions by 45 percent by 2030.And while Labor campaigned against the controversial Adani mine, the Coalition focused on the jobs boost of the new development.On Saturday night, former Australian Prime Minister John Howard said Labor’s stance on climate had cost them the election.After Bill Shorten failed to secure votes in Queensland the Liberal Party elder said Labor did not reassure voters about job security.‘When they saw a Labor Party prepared to destroy jobs in the name of climate ideology in relation to the Adani mine, they said: “That’s not for Queensland”‘, he said.On Sunday morning American TV news channel Fox News labeled Mr. Morrison’s win as ‘a stunning victory’.American political activist Pamela Geller meanwhile trumpeted ‘the people are taking back their countries from the totalitarian left’.‘SHOCKING Australia Election Results: Australia’s Conservative Party Seizes Stunning Win: The Trump effect. Polls were wrong…. again,’ Ms. Geller, founder of The Geller Report and president of Stop Islamisation of America, wrote on Twitter.US news site Axios told readers the election result indicates ‘Australia will continue to closely resemble the Trump administration’s positioning on climate change’.‘Climate advocates had said this election would be a referendum on the current leadership’s positions on climate change,’ Ms. Harder wrote.‘The results suggest that either voter don’t care as much about the issue compared to others or they prefer less aggressive measures, as the current leadership is pursuing.’The New York Times described how ‘the conservative victory also adds Australia to a growing list of countries that have shifted rightward through the politics of grievance, including Brazil, Hungary, and Italy.‘Mr. Morrison’s pitch mixed smiles and scaremongering, warning older voters and rural voters in particular that a government of the left would leave them behind and favor condescending elites.’James Grant Matkin, vancouver, Canada,Great result showing the Australian public are not duped by the fake climate crisis advanced by media and lefty politicians. Temperatures are declining from low solar activity. Alarmist science demonizing coal and Co2 is wrong. CO2 increase lags, not leads warming, Rise in temperatures and CO2 follow each other closely in climate change. This recent Bohr institute study confirms a 200 year lag, and aligns perfectly with natural warming since the end of the Maunder Minimum and the Little Ice Age.How Scott Morrison Used Labor's Climate Policies Against ThemHow ScoMo used Labor's policies against themCo2 LAGS TEMPERATURE CHANGE NOT PRECEDE ITEasterbrook, 2016“CO2 makes up only a tiny portion of the atmosphere (0.040%) and constitutes only 3.6% of the greenhouse effect. The atmospheric content of CO2 has increased only 0.008% since emissions began to soar after 1945. Such a tiny increment of increase in CO2 cannot cause the 10°F increase in temperature predicted by CO2 advocates. Computer climate modelers build into their models a high water vapor component, which they claim is due to increased atmospheric water vapor caused by very small warming from CO2, and since water vapor makes up 90–95% of the greenhouse effect, they claim the result will be warming. The problem is that atmospheric water vapor has actually declined since 1948, not increased as demanded by climate models. If CO2 causes global warming, then CO2 should always precede warming when the Earth’s climate warms up after an ice age. However, in all cases, CO2 lags warming by ∼800 years. Shorter time spans show the same thing—warming always precedes an increase in CO2 and therefore it cannot be the cause of the warming.”In an El Nino year, Water vapour is 4% of the atmosphere can rise to 5% and CO2 from 0.39 to 0.42. Human made CO2 would remain about the same in that year. .Co2 is the air we breath out at 35,000 ppm with every breath. It is necessary for life on the planet through the process of photosynthesis converting radiant energy to chemical.Figure 2.3: Photosynthesis: In the process of photosynthesis, plants convert radiant energy from the sun into chemical energy in the form of glucose - or sugar.Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere enters the plant leaf through stomata, i.e., minuteepidermal pores in the leaves and stem of plants which facilitate the transfer of various gases and water vapor.The entire process can be explained by a single chemical formula.6CO2+12H2O + Light → C6H12O6+ 6O2+ 6H2OWater (6H2O) + carbon dioxide (6 CO2) + sunlight (radiant energy) = glucose (C6H12O6) + Oxygen (6O2).Credit: Energy Explained Penn State University.Photosynthesis is the transformation of radiant energy to chemical energy.Plants take in water, carbon dioxide, and sunlight and turn them into glucose and oxygen. Called photosynthesis, one of the results of this process is that carbon dioxide is removed from the air. It is nature's process for returning carbon from the atmosphere to the earth.The "fossil fuels" we use today (oil, coal, and natural gas) are all formed from plants and animals that died millions of years ago and were fossilized. When we burn (combust) these carbon-rich fuels, we are pulling carbon from the earth and releasing it into the environment.Radiant to ChemicalFigure A. Graphs of the overall atmospheric concentration and the relative percentages of trace gases such as Co2.The atmosphere is composed of a mix of several different gases in differing amounts. The permanent gases whose percentages do not change from day to day are nitrogen, oxygen and argon. Nitrogen accounts for 78% of the atmosphere, oxygen 21% and argon 0.9%. Gases like carbon dioxide, nitrous oxides, methane, and ozone are trace gases that account for about a tenth of one percent of the atmosphere. Water vapor is unique in that its concentration varies from 0-4% of the atmosphere depending on where you are and what time of the day it is. In the cold, dry artic regions water vapor usually accounts for less than 1% of the atmosphere, while in humid, tropical regions water vapor can account for almost 4% of the atmosphere. Water vapor content is very important in predicting weather.The Role of Water VapourWater vapor is, by far, the most powerful natural greenhouse gas in the atmosphere, absorbing heat across many wavelengths in the infrared spectrum. However, the impact of a greenhouse gas must also consider how long that gas remains in the atmosphere and how much it varies from place to place.From a humid rainforest to an arid desert, the amount of water vapor varies wildly around the world, making up anywhere between zero and four percent of the atmosphere. It also varies over time through seasonal changes and with height. The higher you get in the atmosphere, the drier it can become.For Greenhouse gases water vapour at 95% is major not Co2 that is near zero.Anthropocentric CO2 is Only 0.117% !OUTLINEFossil fuels are the best energy source when compared with unreliable wind and solar due to indeterminacy.China is helping other developing nations expand coal power plants to bring the life saving electricity grid to the poor.Dream of wind and solar renewables saving the climate and ending polluting fossil fuels is becoming a deadly nightmare.Adding renewables to the grid causes major cost increase in electricity.Fuel poverty from increased electricity costs kills more than fatal road accidents in the UK alone.Freezing winters everywhere, not moderate without snow as alarmists predicted makes keeping warm a matter of life or death.The fears from predicted catastrophic global warming all fail as 90% of glacier ice expands, Pacific islands rising not sinking, SEA LEVELS STABLE OR FALLING mm of change (7″ in 130 years), fewer hurricanes, floods, tornadoes. wild fires and droughts.Coal is necessary for > 2 billion living without electricity in China, India etc.China opens new coal power every week wiping out all other Co2 cuts.Scientific consensus crumbles as more leading scientists discredit one trick pony hypothesis of weak amounts of CO2 in green house gases.Public opinion shifts against taking action on climate change.Fudging data by UN scientists brings climate science into disrepute.Earth’s climate is too chaotic, nonlinear and unpredictable to know the future more than a few weeks out.Compter models run too hot as researchers fail to mimic reality.US withdraws from Paris accords meaningless carbon targets.Australian political coalition rolls back energy targets and decides to build coal power plants for more cost efficient energy.CHINA BUILDING 300 NEW COAL POWER PLANTS AROUND THE WORLDDate: 30/04/19China is building or planning more than 300 coal plants in places as widely spread as Turkey, Vietnam, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Egypt and the Philippines.The flow of Chinese financing for new coal-fired power plants throughout Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. GLOBAL COAL FINANCE TRACKER / COALSWARMChina, known as the world’s biggest polluter, has been taking dramatic steps to clean up and fight climate change.So why is it also building hundreds of coal-fired power plants in other countries?President Xi Jinping hosted the Belt and Road Forum in Beijing over the weekend, promoting his signature foreign policy of building massive infrastructureand trade links across several continents.The forum, attended by leaders and delegates of nearly 40 countries, came amid growing criticism of China’s projects, including their effect on the environment.China’s President Xi Jinping speaks at a press briefing at the end of the final day of the Belt and Road Forum on Saturday.Wang Zhao/AFP/Getty ImagesXi took the highly unusual step, for him, of meeting with international journalists, during which he repeated the slogan that he is committed to “open, clean and green development.”Yet China’s overseas ventures include hundreds of electric power plants that burn coal, which is a significant emitter of the carbon scientifically linked to climate change. Edward Cunningham, a specialist on China and its energy markets at Harvard University, tells NPR that China is building or planning more than 300 coal plants in places as widely spread as Turkey, Vietnam, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Egypt and the Philippines.Days before the forum with its “clean and green” theme, the latest Chinese-built coal plant opened in Pakistan.The plants are significant investments at a time when most nations of the world, including China, have committed to fighting climate change. “When you put money down and put steel into the ground for a coal-fired power plant,” says Cunningham, “it’s a 40- or 50-year commitment.”Game Over: Europe’s Great Renewables Rush Faces ArmageddonMay 27, 2019 by stopthesethings 3 CommentsDeath and taxes are certainties, so is the fact that wind and solar investment disappears just as soon the subsidies are cut. Without massive (and seemingly endless) subsidies we wouldn’t be having this conversation: there would have been no such thing as wind and solar power, on any scale, or at all.Twelve countries in the European Union (EU) failed to install “a single wind turbine” last year.And, as a result, the manufacturers of turbines and solar panels are dropping like flies, as subsidies are rolled back across Europe.Dr John Constable tallies up the (inevitable) carnage below.Is the Long Renewables Honeymoon Over?The Global Warming Policy ForumJohn Constable11 May 2019The European renewables industry press, which is usually unequivocally upbeat in its assessments, is currently reporting a broad spectrum of substantial problems in the sector, ranging from bankruptcies and technical problems to tepid policy support and increasing public resistance.In a fundamentally viable energy generation sector such stories could be regarded as minor perturbations, but in one that has been for decades all but completely insulated from risk by subsidy and other non-market support, it suggests deep-seated structuro-physical weakness.The German wind turbine manufacturer Senvion S.A., formerly trading under the name of RePower, is currently in financial difficulties. This Hamburg-based firm, which has installed over 1,000 wind turbines in the UK alone, applied to commence self-administered insolvency proceedings in mid-April this year, and is at present sustained by a EUR 100m loan agreement with its lenders and main bond holders.Senvion has delayed both its AGM, which was due to take place on the 23 May, and also the publication of its recent financial results. At the time of writing the company had not yet announced a new timetable.For nearly eight years, from 2007 to 2015, Senvion was owned by the Indian wind turbine manufacturer, Suzlon, and is now the property of the private equity firm, Centerbridge Partners. It is currently rumoured in the industry press that Centerbridge may now be compelled to cut its losses by making a distressed sale to Asian, probably Chinese, companies seeking a cheap way of acquiring a wind power market toehold in Europe.Western companies are thought to be unlikely to have the appetite for such a purchase, and their reluctance is entirely understandable: as Ed Hoskyns shows in a recent note for GWPF using EurObservER data, the annual installation rates for wind and solar have halved in the EU28 since 2010.Senvion may be the first major company to feel the effects of this downturn, and is certainly large enough for its difficulties to have wide ramifications, with two of its suppliers, FrancEole, which makes towers, and the US company TPI Composites, which makes blades, both being hurt by reduced revenues. Indeed, FrancEole was already in a poor way, and is now reported as being on the verge of liquidation.Projects that were being supplied by Senvion are also affected, with the building of one, Borkum West 2.2, a 200 MW offshore wind farm, being suspended mid-construction since components due from Senvion have not been delivered on schedule.This delay, which has been front-page news in some circles, must be causing considerable headaches for Borkum West’s developer, Trianel GmbH, which is apparently now seeking to establish direct links with Senvion’s suppliers so that they can complete the project.Elsewhere in the offshore wind universe, two large and relatively new projects are in the midst of what must be costly repairs involving significant downtime. Having received regulatory approval, the Danish mega-developer Orsted is about to start removing and renovating all 324 blades on the 108-turbine, 389 MW, Duddon Sands wind farm in the UK part of the Irish Sea, a year after problems first became apparent.The machines used, the Siemens 3.6–120, have suffered leading edge erosion, a problem that affects perhaps some 500 turbines in Europe (See “Type Failure or Wear and Tear in European Offshore Wind?”), and requiring the application of a remedial covering to each blade.Less can be read in the public domain about the repairs about to restart at the gigantic, EU-funded Bard Offshore 1, which is owned by Ocean Breeze Energy GmbH & Co. KG. The project, which commissioned in 2013, has eighty 5 MW turbines, with a total capacity of 400 MW.Bard had already suffered a well-known series of cable failures, and it now transpires that both nacelles and rotors have been undergoing replacement for about two years, though Ocean Breeze is, according to industry press reports, apparently declining to confirm how many turbines are affected. The company’s website gives no information in either German or English that I could find.There would, then, appear to be a great deal of work in servicing offshore wind installations, but this has not been enough to prevent Offshore Marine Management Ltd (OMM), a UK-based offshore wind contractor, entering into voluntary liquidation after several years of losses. Interestingly, OMM, a relatively small company though prominent in the UK, cited the increasingly “competitive nature” of the sector as a factor underlying its failure, and it seems likely that it was unable to survive the efforts of developers determined to reduce both capital and operational and maintenance costs to the bone (and judging from the failures reported, perhaps into the bone itself).With margins pared thin, costly local suppliers may quite simply be forced out of the market, and regardless of their other merits. Related evidence of this phenomenon, which is clearly global, can be found in the fact that the Danish mega-developer Orsted is now grumbling that the Taiwanese government’s insistence of a high level of local content for its projected 900 MW Changua 1 & 2a offshore wind farms will double the capital cost from approximately £1.6m/MW to about £3m/MW.One wonders whether this underlying reality was discussed at the recent and apparently robust meeting between the Scottish Government and the offshore wind industry, convened because the Scottish metal manufacturing firm BiFab had not been commissioned to make equipment for the 950 MW Moray East wind farm, a wind farm that has one of the much over-hyped Contracts for Difference at £57.50/MWh. The supply deals had instead been awarded to Lamprell, which is based in the UAE.The Scottish Energy Minister, Paul Wheelhouse, MSP, used the meeting to express “significant frustration” that local firms had been involved to such a small degree hitherto, in spite of repeated promises. Did Benji Sykes of the Offshore Wind Industry Council, present at the meeting, cite the Taiwanese case and explain to Mr Wheelhouse that something very similar would apply in Scotland, and that if local content was insisted upon, then construction costs would increase substantially and subsidies would also have to be increased to pay for it? Did he explain that there is genuine doubt whether Moray East can be viable at £57.50/MWh, even with low-cost international suppliers, and that local content would certainly not improve that situation? It would seem not. However, he did promise to “work closely” with the Scottish government to “ensure that communities up and down the country reap the economic benefits offshore wind offers”. Mr Wheelhouse has probably heard that before. How much longer will he go on believing it?So much for the action in the foreground. The backdrop is also sombre. The Crown Estate, which in effect controls offshore wind development in UK territorial waters, has delayed pre-qualification for Round 4 projects until after the summer of 2019, and the German maritime agency, the BSH, has disappointed developers by not assigning new development zones as had been requested. In delay is danger, and the offshore wind industry in general will be deeply concerned at the loss of momentum that may result from these decisions.Onshore wind is doing no better. The most recent auction for wind contracts in Germany took place in February and was radically undersubscribed, with only 476 MW of a possible 700 MW being awarded, the underlying causes being, it is reported, less favourable planning consent regulations and less generous price support. Senvion itself is described in some reports as being one of the supply chain casualties, alongside the German tower and foundation maker, Ambau GmbH, which has already filed for bankruptcy.One wonders why these companies were not better prepared. Reductions in subsidy in Germany were inevitable, and the tightening of planning regulations is long overdue and unsurprising. Indeed, it is remarkable that the German public has tolerated for so long such intense development in close proximity to domestic housing.However, some German states are now considering an exclusion zone of 1 km from the nearest turbine, which is still extremely close for structures in excess of 100m, and now heading, believe it or not, to over 200m in overall height. The German people have been patient, but the mood is clearly changing; indeed, the premier manufacturer and developer Enercon has recently been compelled by court order to suspend construction of its 30 MW Wulfershausen wind farm because it had, apparently, breached the local authorities’ requirement that no dwelling should be within a distance ten times tip height.This less favourable atmosphere is contributing to a general sense that existing onshore wind farms in Germany will not be repowered in great numbers at the end of their lives. About 15 GW of Germany’s onshore wind is now over fifteen years old and the end of the economic lifetime is in sight. But industry sources quoted in the subscription only press suggest that less than a third of this will actually be repowered, much less than had been expected only a few years back. The reasons given for this sudden change in prospects include declining public acceptance, reflected in tougher planning conditions, and falling subsidies.Meanwhile, in Norway and in its home territory Sweden, Statkraft, Europe’s largest generator of renewable energy, has suspended further onshore wind construction because it would be “very challenging” to develop profitable projects in these areas. They are concentrating on other less resistant markets, such as the United Kingdom, where it has acquired a 250 MW portfolio of projects from Element Power.But as it happens, things in the UK may prove to be no more promising. It has just dawned on the wind industry that government is actually acting on Amber Rudd’s landmark energy reset speech when Secretary of State for the Department of Energy & Climate Change in November 2015.In that speech Rudd remarked that “we also want intermittent generators to be responsible for the pressures they add to the system”. That of course was only right, but perhaps the industry hoped the intention would never materialise. If that was their expectation they were gravely mistaken. Aurora Energy Research has now released analysis of the regulator, Ofgem’s proposal to reform network charges, the “Targeted Charging Review”, and believes that the proposed changes “could set back subsidy-free renewables by up to five years”.When “unspun” this actually means is that if the regulator removes the hidden subsidy of avoided system costs, imposed by renewables but socialised over all generators, then more of the true cost of renewables will be revealed to the market, making it much less likely that even the most greenwash-thirsty corporate, NGO, or governmental body will sign an extravagant long-term Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with a wind or solar farm. In other words, far from hindering the emergence of subsidy-free renewables, Ofgem’s reforms threaten to give the lie to the subsidy-free claim and show that it was never anything more than an empty PR gambit.In spite of all this, it is doubtless too soon to say that the game is up for renewables. The industries concerned will fight back, and beg further direct and indirect public assistance while threatening politicians and civil servants with missed climate targets if that support is not forthcoming. In all likelihood they will be to some degree successful. But this will only delay the inevitable. As the depressing news stories summarised above suggest, after decades of public support and de-risking there are still fundamental weaknesses in the renewables industry that go well beyond teething troubles and localised management failure. One explanation, the sole necessary one in my view, is that the physics is against this industry, and that the physics is beginning to tell. It remains only to say that this blog is not licensed to give investment or financial advice.GWPFYes, we have reached a tipping point about the unreasonable expectations that wind and solar renewables would make any difference to fossil fuel energy consumption and the earth's climate. The large subsidies to renewables in the past decades are failing to create cheap, reliable electricity and they are pushing up the cost of electricity to consumers with devastating consequences for poor consumers.The climate change debate has suffered too much politics and too little science with over the top fear mongering that unsettles the public’s common sense. My comment on - Share research is relevant. are in an ice age geologically for the past 2.5 million years. Why an ice age occurs every 100,000 years: Climate and feedback effects explainedDate: August 7, 2013Source: ETH ZurichSummary:Science has struggled to explain fully why an ice age occurs every 100,000 years. As researchers now demonstrate based on a computer simulation, not only do variations in insolation play a key role, but also the mutual influence of glaciated continents and climate.Ice ages and warm periods have alternated fairly regularly in Earth's history: Earth's climate cools roughly every 100,000 years, with vast areas of North America, Europe and Asia being buried under thick ice sheets. Eventually, the pendulum swings back: it gets warmer and the ice masses melt. While geologists and climate physicists found solid evidence of this 100,000-year cycle in glacial moraines, marine sediments and arctic ice, until now they were unable to find a plausible explanation for it.Using computer simulations, a Japanese, Swiss and American team including Heinz Blatter, an emeritus professor of physical climatology at ETH Zurich, has now managed to demonstrate that the ice-age/warm-period interchange depends heavily on the alternating influence of continental ice sheets and climate."If an entire continent is covered in a layer of ice that is 2,000 to 3,000 metres thick, the topography is completely different," says Blatter, explaining this feedback effect. "This and the different albedo of glacial ice compared to ice-free earth lead to considerable changes in the surface temperature and the air circulation in the atmosphere." Moreover, large-scale glaciation also alters the sea level and therefore the ocean currents, which also affects the climate.Weak effect with a strong impactAs the scientists from Tokyo University, ETH Zurich and Columbia University demonstrated in their paper published in the journal Nature, these feedback effects between Earth and the climate occur on top of other known mechanisms. It has long been clear that the climate is greatly influenced by insolation on long-term time scales. Because Earth's rotation and its orbit around the sun periodically change slightly, the insolation also varies. If you examine this variation in detail, different overlapping cycles of around 20,000, 40,000 and 100,000 years are recognisable.Given the fact that the 100,000-year insolation cycle is comparatively weak, scientists could not easily explain the prominent 100,000-year-cycle of the ice ages with this information alone. With the aid of the feedback effects, however, this is now possible.Simulating the ice and climateThe researchers obtained their results from a comprehensive computer model, where they combined an ice-sheet simulation with an existing climate model, which enabled them to calculate the glaciation of the northern hemisphere for the last 400,000 years. The model not only takes the astronomical parameter values, ground topography and the physical flow properties of glacial ice into account but also especially the climate and feedback effects. "It's the first time that the glaciation of the entire northern hemisphere has been simulated with a climate model that includes all the major aspects," says Blatter.Using the model, the researchers were also able to explain why ice ages always begin slowly and end relatively quickly. The ice-age ice masses accumulate over tens of thousands of years and recede within the space of a few thousand years. Now we know why: it is not only the surface temperature and precipitation that determine whether an ice sheet grows or shrinks. Due to the aforementioned feedback effects, its fate also depends on its size. "The larger the ice sheet, the colder the climate has to be to preserve it," says Blatter. In the case of smaller continental ice sheets that are still forming, periods with a warmer climate are less likely to melt them. It is a different story with a large ice sheet that stretches into lower geographic latitudes: a comparatively brief warm spell of a few thousand years can be enough to cause an ice sheet to melt and herald the end of an ice age.The Milankovitch cyclesThe explanation for the cyclical alternation of ice and warm periods stems from Serbian mathematician Milutin Milankovitch (1879-1958), who calculated the changes in Earth's orbit and the resulting insolation on Earth, thus becoming the first to describe that the cyclical changes in insolation are the result of an overlapping of a whole series of cycles: the tilt of Earth's axis fluctuates by around two degrees in a 41,000-year cycle. Moreover, Earth's axis gyrates in a cycle of 26,000 years, much like a spinning top. Finally, Earth's elliptical orbit around the sun changes in a cycle of around 100,000 years in two respects: on the one hand, it changes from a weaker elliptical (circular) form into a stronger one. On the other hand, the axis of this ellipsis turns in the plane of Earth's orbit. The spinning of Earth's axis and the elliptical rotation of the axes cause the day on which Earth is closest to the sun (perihelion) to migrate through the calendar year in a cycle of around 20,000 years: currently, it is at the beginning of January; in around 10,000 years, however, it will be at the beginning of July.Based on his calculations, in 1941 Milankovitch postulated that insolation in the summer characterises the ice and warm periods at sixty-five degrees north, a theory that was rejected by the science community during his lifetime. From the 1970s, however, it gradually became clearer that it essentially coincides with the climate archives in marine sediments and ice cores. Nowadays, Milankovitch's theory is widely accepted. "Milankovitch's idea that insolation determines the ice ages was right in principle," says Blatter. "However, science soon recognised that additional feedback effects in the climate system were necessary to explain ice ages. We are now able to name and identify these effects accurately."Story Source:Materials provided by ETH Zurich. Original written by Fabio Bergamin. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.Journal Reference:Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Fuyuki Saito, Kenji Kawamura, Maureen E. Raymo, Jun’ichi Okuno, Kunio Takahashi, Heinz Blatter. Insolation-driven 100,000-year glacial cycles and hysteresis of ice-sheet volume. Nature, 2013; 500 (7461): 190 DOI: 10.1038/nature12374Cite This Page:ETH Zurich. "Why an ice age occurs every 100,000 years: Climate and feedback effects explained." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 August 2013. <Why an ice age occurs every 100,000 years: Climate and feedback effects explained>.The greatest climate change the world has seen in the last 100,000 years was the transition from the ice age to the warm interglacial period. New research from the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen indicates that, contrary to previous opinion, the rise in temperature and the rise in the atmospheric CO2follow each other closely in terms of time. The results have been published in the scientific journal, Climate of the Past.In the warmer climate the atmospheric content of CO2is naturally higher. The gas CO2(carbon dioxide) is a green-house gas that absorbs heat radiation from the Earth and thus keeps the Earth warm. In the shift between ice ages and interglacial periods the atmospheric content of CO2helps to intensify the natural climate http://variations.It had previously been thought that as the temperature began to rise at the end of the ice age approximately 19,000 years ago, an increase in the amount of CO2in the atmosphere followed with a delay of up to 1,000 years."Our analyses of ice cores from the ice sheet in Antarctica shows that the concentration of CO2in the atmosphere follows the rise in Antarctic temperatures very closely and is staggered by a few hundred years at most," explains Sune Olander Rasmussen, Associate Professor and centre coordinator at the Centre for Ice and Climate at the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen.The research results show that the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere followed the temperature in Antarctica closely throughout the shift from ice age to interglacial in the period 19-11,000 years before the present. The green curve shows the temperature from measurements from the 5 ice cores marked on the map. The red and blue curves show the atmospheric CO2 content in the air bubbles in the ice cores from the two bores at Siple Dome (red) and Byrd (blue). The analysis shows that the CO2 concentration follows the increase in temperature with a delay of no more than a few hundred years. That the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere follows the Antarctic tempera- ture so closely suggests that processes in the ocean around Antarctica play an important role in the rise in CO2.The research, which was carried out in collaboration with researchers from the University of Tasmania in Australia, is based on measurements of ice cores from five boreholesthrough the ice sheet in Antarctica. The ice sheet is formed by snow that doesn't melt, but remains year after year and is gradually compressed into kilometers thick ice. During the compression, air is trapped between the snowflakes and as a result the ice contains tiny samples of ancient atmospheres. The composition of the ice also shows what the temperature was when the snow fell, so the ice is an archive of past climate and atmospheric composition.Rise in temperatures and CO2 follow each other closely in climate changeLike night follows day glaciation (low temperatures) follows interglaciation (higher temperatures) and is so devastatingly cold it threatens human survival. The Little Ice Age was a glaciation bump in the Holocene of the last 12,000 years.Think about this just 12,000 years ago most of North America was covered with ice that was more than 1 mile thick. Will it happen again? Of course as the earth is in a long term temperature decline.Sadly the evidence is this temperature decline has not abated for the past 7000 years once there was a rapid recovery from the glaciation at 12,000 years ago.Holocene climatic optimum -WikipediaThis graph is taken from Wikipedia. It shows eight different reconstructions of Holocene temperature. The thick black line is the average of these. Time progresses from left to right.On this graph the Stone Age is shown only about one degree warmer than present day, but most sources mention that Scandinavian Stone Age was about 2-3 degrees warmer than the present; this need not to be mutually excluding statements, because the curve reconstructs the entire Earth's temperature, and on higher latitudes the temperature variations were greater than about equator.Some reconstructions show a vertical dramatic increase in temperature around the year 2000, but it seems not reasonable to the author, since that kind of graphs cannot possibly show temperature in specific years, it must necessarily be smoothed by a kind of mathematical rolling average, perhaps with periods of hundred years, and then a high temperature in a single year, for example, 2004 will be much less visible.The trend seems to be that Holocene's highest temperature was reached in the Hunter Stone Age about 8,000 years before present, thereafter the temperature has generally been steadily falling, however, superimposed by many cold and warm periods, including the modern warm period.However, generally speaking, the Holocene represents an amazing stable climate, where the cooling through the period has been limited to a few degrees.History of Earth's ClimateZero to Hero: Brand New Climate Skeptic Party Now the Largest Group in the Dutch SenateEric Worrall / March 22, 2019Thierry BaudetThierry Baudet, Leader of the Forum voor Democratie. By DWDD – DWDD, CC BY 3.0Guest essay by Eric WorrallA brand new Dutch climate skeptic party has swept the field in its first election.New Populist Party Goes from Zero Seats to Largest Party in Dutch ElectionOLIVER JJ LANE21 Mar 2019A new populist, Eurosceptic party has achieved the remarkable feat of going from zero seats to becoming the largest single party in the Dutch Senate in a single election, as a young politician likened to a “Dutch Donald Trump” beat seasoned professionals in Wednesday’s poll.Thierry Baudet’s Forum for Democracy party, which has gained attention for its Euroscepticism, campaigned against open borders politics and against what he calls “climate-change hysteria,” winning 86 seats across the Dutch regions. The victory put his party ahead of even the ruling mainstream conservative People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD), which achieved 80 seats.Forum was founded in 2016, and this is the first regional election the party has contested. Remarkably, in some Dutch regions Forum was so unexpectedly successful it won the right to appoint more elected members than they actually have registered candidates living in those areas.The European Union is terrified of the upcoming EU Parliament election, because they are anticipating a parliament dominated by populists, climate skeptics and Euroskeptics who want to break up the union.If skeptics do win control of the European Parliament, under the democratically deficient EU system elected members probably won’t have the power to change EU climate policy or break up the EU. But the skeptics may rob the unelected soviet style bureaucrats who really run the EU of the facade of democratic legitimacy they have enjoyed to date, thanks to their rubber stamp parliament of tame elected Europhiles.Britain’s best hope of being ejected from the EU in the next few weeks is Eurocratic fear that Britain’s anticipated hardcore climate skeptic and Eurosceptic voting block might tip the balance in the next European parliament.Thomas HomerMarch 22, 2019 at 6:42 am– CO2 is integral to the Carbon Cycle of Life, as such CO2 is a necessary requirement for Carbon Based Life Forms. CO2 feeds life and is the source of organic carbon whence it was extracted through photosynthesis by plants and phytoplankton. More atmospheric CO2 feeds more life.– Theory that atmospheric CO2 (0.04%) causes the Earth’s surface to warm by reflecting the energy emitted by the Earth’s surface. This Theory has no Laws, Axioms, Postulates, nor formulae because we are unable to measure this purported physical property of ‘greenhouse gases’ in the real world. We can’t even measure this property on Mars with an atmosphere of 95% CO2. This theory is used to promote the idea that less atmospheric CO2 helps life.

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