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How does one write a high-quality résumé or CV?

Everything you must know about” HOW TO WRITE A RÉSUMÉ?”The adage "You never get a second chance to make a first impression" is never truer than when you submit your resume. Because this is likely the first glimpse of you that employers will get, make it an impressive one. A great resume can open a door, but an inferior one can just as quickly close one.What is a Résumé?The Résumé is an important tool to market an individual’s experiences, skill set, achievements and potential to prospective employers. It is a professional written document that communicates your academic and professional qualifications, work experiences, and skills related to the type of position you’re are seeking. The idea is to grab focus at the right keywords and content to produce maximum effect.What is a Curriculum Vitae (CV)?A CV is a type of resume most commonly used to apply for research or faculty positions in an academic setting.A CV is typically longer in length and provides more detail than a resume. In addition to the basics that you would include on a resume, it is common to include publications, presentations, research and teaching experiences, grants, fellowships, and awards.CONSIDERATIONS FOR WRITING A RÉSUMÉ : Create a positive impression by tailoring your résumé to each position and employer. Determine experiences and skills needed for the job. Choose a résumé style that highlights your background.Now, to get started:-1) Make a list of experiences you’ve had: Education and training, jobs, internships, research, projects, volunteer work, leadership, student organizations, etc.2) Think about what you contributed, what skills you used and developed, and your significant achievements.3) Begin to craft your resume by organizing these experiences into sections as given below.SECTIONS TO INCLUDE: THE BASICS” CONTACT INFORMATION: Name, phone, email address, and one present or permanent address OBJECTIVE: A brief statement that indicates what type of position you are seeking. It may also include key skills you bring to the position, which type of industry you want to work in, and/or what company you want to work for. Including objective statement is optional. Make sure it is well written and enhances your resume in case it’s included. EDUCATION: List degrees in reverse chronological order. Include school/college name, University/Board name, location, percentage or CGPA, and graduation date. SKILLS: List of tangible skills gained through experiences as it pertains to the job, including technical, technological programming, laboratory skills, and operating systems knowledge. SOFT SKILLS: include your communication, leadership, interpersonal skills or any other soft skills. Try to incorporate them in your Work Experience and Activities Sections. WORK EXPERIENCE: Summer internships, publications, presentations and research. For each experience (paid or volunteer) include your title, organization name and location, and dates of employment. Then create a bulleted skills statement, following this formula: Action Verb + Details + Result (when applicable). PROJECTS: Describe individual or group work you have done to demonstrate your ability to apply learning to real-life problems.OTHER SECTIONS YOU CAN INCLUDE ACHIEVEMENTS AND HONORS: Scholarships or notable scholastic awards or any other achievements. ACTIVITIES: Include involvements with student organizations, volunteer experience, and professional associations. Include the organization name, dates of participation, and possibly a bulleted statement to explain a leadership role or accomplishment. AREA OF INTEREST: Mention about your areas of interests and domains or job profiles that you’re seeking or more interested in. What all to keep in mind while drafting your Résumé? Yes, you need a cover letter even when you are emailing your resume, posting it to a job board, or sending it electronically. A cover letter is the best place to introduce yourself, identify your goals, and briefly describe why you are a good fit for the position. A well-written cover letter is a sales tool that will ensure your resume will be read. Avoid using ready-made resume templates, such as those from Microsoft or other resumegenerating programs. Hiring managers will spot them quickly, and will assume you either lack creativity or don't care enough about the position you are applying for to go the extra mile. Resumes that arrive unconventionally, are on colored or perfumed paper, or have many different fonts in an effort to make them stick out in the crowd will likely go unread. Employers will assume that if you need to resort to these tactics, you probably don't have the qualifications for the job. Be simple and sober in your presentation. Don’t beautify your résumé. Your resume must be grammatically perfect with no spelling errors. Most positions today require good communication and writing skills, and if your resume is riddled with errors, you'll be immediately judged as someone who doesn't possess these basic skills. Make use of a dictionary and be sure to have your document carefully proofread. Your resume should clearly state what you do, what you are good at, and what you have accomplished. It should mention only relevant information in context to the job profiles you’re aiming at. Mention the important information in the beginning that you want the hiring staff to definitely read as they don’t have much time to full-read your résumé. The goal should be to document everything you've done, without being verbose. One page should suffice for entry-level workers and those with a few years of work experience. If you have more than six or seven years of experience, two pages is appropriate. Don’t make it too long or too short. Hiring managers have piles of resumes to get through, and most of them are unwilling to read your resume to full length no matter how qualified the candidate is. Avoid lengthy sentences or paragraphs, and use bullets instead. Write short sentences and be to the point. Avoid personal pronouns (I, my, we) and complete sentences to describe your experiences. Start your statements with action verbs. Employers don't care what duties were assigned to you in your past jobs. All they are really concerned about is what you have done, and what you can do for them. Focus on your accomplishments, rather than your duties. Use statistics and numbers. Show how you solved problems. Avoid use of words like "duties" or "responsibilities." Don’t include unnecessary details that could be controversial or untrue. Be 100% honest, accurate and factual. Avoid abbreviations. References are often used as a way to end a resume, but it's completely unnecessary. Of course you have references! Otherwise, you have no business applying for this job! Personal information, such as marital status, age, height, weight, etc. should not be included. Don’t include reasons why you left any employment or a detailed work history. Rather, include your most related experiences or those where you demonstrated a high level of skill. It is suggested to tailor your resume to the job description. FORMATTING TIPS FOR YOUR RESUME Use easy-to-read font styles, such as Times New Roman, Arial, or Garamond between 10-12 point in size. Clear and consistent formatting creates an easily readable document. Start bullet points with action verbs. Include a well-written cover letter along with the resume. Describe and quantify experiences as much as possible.  Include key words from the job description. Place the most important information at the top of the document. Limit to one page at the entry or at the master’s level and two pages at the doctoral level or If you have more than six or seven years of work experience. Use grayscale color format. Don’t make it colorful or include any graphics. FINALIZING YOUR RÉSUMÉ Read closely for spelling and grammar mistakes. Avoid slang and excessive jargon. Proof-read your resume at least twice or thrice before finalizing. Contact a trustworthy and experienced person for a résumé review!Design is important, but it is suggested that you place your focus on the content of your resume. If you want to create a truly disruptive resume, include clear, quantifiable achievements.Let the power of your accomplishments set you apart.WISHING YOU ALL THE BEST!

Would you like to visit the past or the future?

If you could travel in time, would you rather go to the future or to the past?If I couldn't stay here, but had to choose between going to the future or the past, I'd be very sad. Having to say goodbye to my family and friends, and to know that I would never see them again, would break my heart. I couldn’t imagine ever smiling again.Presumably the people forcing me to travel through time would have no sympathy for my situation. No matter how I begged and pleaded, they would remain unmoved. Then the guards would strap me down into the machine, and the scientists would begin to push their buttons. And I would scream, "please! Please don't do this! I beg you! Why are you doing this to me? I just want to go home! Please let me go home! I want to see my parents! Can't I just see them one more time? I promise I'll come back! Just let me go see them one last time and then I'll come back and I'll go! Please! Please! Please!""You have not yet selected a destination time, Mr. Brown. Would you prefer we select one for you?""I-- I--" I would struggle to catch my breath and gather my wits. "Wait a minute! OK, OK. Just give me a minute to think.""Your time is up, Mr. Brown.""Fine!" I would shout. "Fine. Send me to the exact time and place of your birth, Mr. Psycho.""You have a fine sense of humor. And now I will select your destination for you.""NO! OK, will you just.... just give me a minute to think?""Future or past, Mr. Brown. This is the last time I will ask you.""FUTUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUU-----"My voice would be drowned out by its own echo, as the room around me and all its people were swallowed into a vortex that seemed to extend infinitely deep, leaving in its place a scattered pattern of light and dark, pinks and browns, so that it is only after several moments that I realize I am looking at an infinitely magnifying view of my own skin. I feel as though I'm being turned inside out. There is gravity here, but I am somehow unable to identify which direction it comes from. Waves of nausea slam into me, and everything in me comes vomiting out, flying in a seemingly endless spray that follows the vanishing vortex of my life that was."-----UUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUCK!"Gradually I realize I'm standing on a sidewalk in what looks like a large city. The time machine is gone, and the only remnant of the whole experience is the bizarre sense that somehow the things occurring all around me are not happening at the right speed. They seem at once both too fast and too slow, though in another moment that feeling fades as well.The sidewalk is absolutely smooth, but not at all slippery. Instead it feels soft against my feet, as though it were natural ground. As I walk, I can feel it changing underneath me, gripping my feet in an odd and comfortable way. I feel myself relaxing against its touch. For a moment I have the strange recognition of encountering something I have always needed, but never known about.In the street, sleek aerodynamic cars zip past in an endless steady stream, at speeds I can only guess at. Certainly several times faster than the fastest car I've ever seen. They're gone as fast as I can look at them. Hundreds of them pass by every second, in what seems to be an 8 or 9 lane street. They're not completely silent, but their sound is like a very gentle breeze. I quickly become used to it, and afterwards have trouble hearing it again.Across the street is a little park covered in grass, with many trees and wildflowers, and a little lake. Children dash about, laughing playfully, wearing a strange and intricate pattern of pastels and primary colors. As I watch, the patterns and colors of their clothes change slowly, almost belying the swiftness of the children's own movements.At that moment, a ball bounces out of the park and into the traffic. Before I can react, a little girl darts out after it. A woman I take to be her mother stands watching at the edge of the park, laughing pleasantly. Suddenly I have the strangest sensation of seeing two contradictory things happening at once. The child, there in the middle of the road, stoops to retrieve her ball. Having picked it up, she carries it back to the park and continues to play. At the same time, the cars have not slowed down at all. They continue to whip past at unbelievable speeds even as she passes through one, two, three lanes of traffic. I can see her hair blown by their breezes. It's only when I exert myself to the utmost concentration that I can see the lanes of cars dividing and making way for her, like a school of fish or a flock of birds. As she resumes her play, I lean against the building and try to catch my breath."Are you all right?"The voice comes from behind me. I turn around and see a small man, dressed in similar colors as the children, but with a simpler pattern, and darker tones. Overall, I would have to say he looks distinguished. His accent is quite thick, but he seems to be a native to this place. Maybe that's just how people talk here. If so, I'm not sure I'll be able to get used to it."Are you lost? Can I help you find something?""Thanks," I say, "I guess I am lost. I have no idea where I am, or what I'm supposed to be doing here. Everything is so strange. It's like a movie or something.""Oh my goodness! Are you speaking English? I can barely understand you. Come, let's sit down and see if we can’t get you straightened out."Taking my arm, the man guides me into the street. At first I resist and almost begin to struggle against his grasp, but his face seems so calm as he leads the way, that I come to trust there is absolutely no danger. And indeed the cars go entirely around him, and he seems to pay them no attention at all. Following him, we cross the street together. Looking towards the onrushing traffic, I now see that it begins to curve around me a great distance away, so that the cars barely have to change direction at all to avoid me. Inside their windows, I see faces engaged in animated conversation with each other, not even aware that I'm so close to them.I realize that all around us, people are crossing into the traffic exactly the way we are, exactly the way that little girl did. No one seems to find it at all strange. And now I even notice several groups of people standing in the street talking, as the cars whiz past them on either side.We reach the park, and the man guides me to a large outcropping of rock. Sitting down and leaning back on it, I'm surprised to discover it's the most comfortable thing I've ever sat on. It seems to massage me in places I'd entirely given up on. I take what I now realize to be my first deep breath since I was a little kid. I look over at the man in surprise, and find him gazing back at me with a peaceful, expectant expression."Would you like some water?" He asks. I nod and he reaches down and lifts a cup from beside the bank of the little lake in the park. Handing it to me, I take a sip. Whatever it is, it isn't water. As I take it into my mouth, I feel the liquid moving almost with a will of its own, cleaning my mouth and my throat in a way that leaves them still completely comfortable. I swallow the liquid before I can stop myself, and an odd feeling fills my chest, almost like the sensation of drinking strong alcohol."Ow!""What is it? What's the matter?"The scar on my chin where I fell as a child burns, then tingles, then feels like nothing at all. A broken toe I've been favoring since high school begins to straighten itself out with great force. I feel a sharp crack, then a few moments of intense discomfort, and then my foot feels relaxed again, as if for the first time in years."Are you OK? What's happening?"A small child asks, "what's wrong with that man?""I don't know, little girl. We just sat down, but I think he's sick. Maybe the nanowater disagreed with him somehow."Various parts of my body alternately ache, then feel wonderful, bringing back a cascade of memories. My head clears in a way that makes me realize how clouded it had been before. Suddenly I find myself standing up, feeling like the person I was born to be."What the hell did you put in that water?" I ask."Why is he talking so funny?" the little girl asks the woman beside her."I don't know dear. Maybe he's from Saturn or the Belt. Or possibly farther out. His accent is very strange. I can't place it."The man who'd sat down with me stood up when I did. Touching my arm with his hand, he asks again, "Are you OK?""Yes... yes, I'm... better than I've ever been. Thank you!!""Well, that at least I understand! You're very welcome!"I can see I'm going to have to do some studying and practicing if I'm going to get along in this place. Though with my head clearer, I can make more sense out of their dialect. The pieces begin to fall into place. For the first time I take a good look around me. The buildings somehow all look solid near the ground, but then waver and seem to grow translucent as they rise up to unimaginable heights. But instead of revealing what's inside, the translucence shows only the sky beyond. Everything above a couple of storeys high is almost transparent, leaving the sky a shimmering cloud-dotted blue that extends almost to the horizon. But I know the buildings are there because of that slight shimmer that creates an outline I can trace with my eye. They don't rise straight up, but seem to intertwine somehow above me. And they appear also to very gradually change position over time, as though they were waving in the wind, though I can't imagine how that could be.The man, along with a young woman who'd been in the park, and several of the children accompany me into one of these strange buildings. They seem to know exactly where we should go. I follow along, allowing myself to get used to their way of talking, and imitating them as best as I can.A platform lifts us through spacious tunnels, and I begin to wonder about the other people in this strange land, the ones who don't have it so good. Using my best attempt at their way of speaking, I ask, "are there any poor people here? Where are the people who don't have anything?"The children ignore me, and the adults exchange a glance. Then the man says, "I'm not sure how to answer. You're speaking better, but some of your words are very old. I don't think anyone has much of anything in particular. Do you mean possessions?" -- he struggles with the word. "I think I do have some." He turns to the young woman. "Do you have any?""I don't think I do," she says to him, "do you mind if I ask what yours are? I can't imagine!"Reaching into his pocket, the man draws out a small bead. It's clearly ancient, its original color long since replaced by a mottled brown. But it clearly has a small protrusion on one end, with two tiny holes visible for thread."Oh, it's amazing!" cries the woman. The children, suddenly interested, cry out, "may I see? May I see?" The man brings his hand down for them to see. One of them jostles him slightly, and the bead falls away into the emptiness beside the traveling platform."Oh, what a shame," says the woman. "Yes, too bad," says the man. "But I suppose it'll turn up again somewhere. My grandmother gave that to me, from one of her trips offworld as a little girl. It's a genuine museum replica, constructed for display, oh, hundreds of years ago." The woman opens her mouth appreciatively.The children, however, are not content to have lost the tiny object. "Where did it go? I want it! I didn't get to see it!" come the cries.I try to make sense out of all this, but fail. Finally we arrive somewhere that seems official. There are people dressed entirely in white, though beyond that they seem the same as the friendly man and the woman."Hello, Doctor," says the man. "I came upon this fellow here, and he seems to be ill in some way. We thought we'd better bring him here.""Of course. Please come with me."We all walk along a well-lit hallway, though I don't see any lighting fixtures. After a moment, the doctor says, "well, you and your children are doing just fine. And--""Oh, I don't know these children," laughs the woman."-- and you're doing very well too, sir. But this one!" He stops and turns to face me. "You seem to be recovering from quite a few illnesses and injuries. I've never seen anything like it. Your nervous system is pretty well back to normal, but I can't imagine what you must have done to get so out of whack. The rest of your body should be fine by tomorrow. But I'm very curious! How did you manage to get here without these conditions being repaired? What did you do for food and water? And you must have traveled quite far indeed, to come from someplace without nanowater. And I notice your clothes are made of woven vegetable fiber. That must be uncomfortable for you."The friendly man and the young woman both give a start, and look suddenly with wide eyes at my outfit. "Goodness me," says the man."Well," says the doctor, "this is obviously a story for another time. If you've really only just arrived, you'll probably want to learn a bit more about us. You have no station implant, but I'd be happy to insert one if you'd like. Otherwise, here's a wearable" - he hands me a small package - "that should manage whatever you need. And of course, everything's on the net in whatever language you prefer."As we leave the hospital, one of the people in white clothes catches up to us and gives the friendly man back his little bead. "I think this is yours?" "Oh yes, thank you very much," he says, taking it and showing it once again to the children.For the first time since my arrival, I smile.

Does Amazon Kindle Direct Publishing identify plagiarized material in an automated fashion?

They don’t and it is causing big problems.Ironically, one month after I submitted an article on plagiarism and Amazon to the NYtimes op-ed page, they lead with a front-page article on the same topic. I pitched condensed versions of the story, tailored to a host of online news magazines, but I got no response whatsoever, not even a rejection. My voice must have gotten lost in the noise. As a result, my long-form version of the story has found a home here on Quora — now someone can copy it, spin it, and paste it to their website to pass it off as a blog post they wrote!If you prefer listening to long articles, try the video above. If you don’t, read on!Corporate Svengalis and the Coming Botpocalypsemore serious title:The Fake Economies of the InternetMay 15, 2019Our minds are the battleground at stake in the new, EU legislation about copyrights on the internet. The new law aims to make platforms like Twitter, Medium, Amazon, Quora, Facebook, Instagram, and YouTube liable for any copyright infringing content posted and it could change how those sites operate outside of the EU.This is important because sites like Amazon have been flooded with plagiarized material for years. Producing a modern adaptation of your mom’s romance novels from the 1970s is illegal, but people are doing this on a regular basis. Even new works are being plagiarized in this way. My first novel was plagiarized within four months after it was published.Suppose that shortly after Harry Potter was first published, a copycat used online freelancing services to rapidly produce a similar story while claiming that he’s never heard of Harry Potter before. He says he didn’t infringe on Harry Potter’s copyright because he believes that ‘there are no new stories’ and his work is different because it is two thirds as long as Harry Potter.In addition, his protagonist is dirty, sex-obsessed, and he doesn’t play Quidditch. While such an update might bring the character in line with present-day trends, is that legal? I don’t think so. Unique plots matter.The story of plagiarism might be an old one, but the internet has increased the speed and frequency with which the story repeats today and this has big impacts on the culture of publishing. Just as citizen journalists and fake news have depressed the income of professional journalists, the explosion of self-published novelists has depressed the income of fiction writers. Even if you don’t care if professional writers get paid, you should be concerned that the internet has increased the production of rehashed fiction and news while drowning out illuminating, transformative work.In the past, people would subscribe to magazines for illuminating content curated by an editor. Today, we get content tailored to us by an algorithm and this is the reason that porn in old Playboy magazines looks classy in comparison to the stuff available on the internet today. We could blame readers for bad taste or we could consider that writers respond to the demands of the algorithm by producing more sensational content more frequently.When authors can’t keep the required pace, they outsource their work to ghostwriters and this opens up a Pandora’s box of copyright issues. What if a plagiarist used an online ghostwriting service to help finish his adaptation four months after the original book came out. Did the ghostwriter commit a crime? Did the online service commit a crime?One ghostwriter believes that 50% of the books on Amazon KDP are ghostwritten — most often by cheap page-fillers for whom English is a second language. The numbers back up this assessment because ten years ago, there were only a quarter of a million books being published per year and today there are a million, yet the number of authors in the US has not increased over the same time frame. This can only be explained if individual authors are increasing their output by plagiarizing or outsourcing their writing to ghostwriters from other countries.This is a cultural crisis because fiction writers serve an important social function. They help us define ourselves and when the world is awash with technological transformation, we need that lightning strike reality check from new fiction more than ever. Instead, we are flooded with static from profit-seeking partnerships between ghostwriters and publishers. The signal is getting lost in the noise and this has real consequences for our minds.Did you hate the final season of Game of Thrones? Now you know why. The job of writing has been chopped up and outsourced to myopic ghostwriters who have been trained to deliver modular, good guy - bad guy fiction with a set formula.George R. R. Martin stood out from that crowd because he created a story in which the world drove the characters instead of the other way around. Audiences responded because he told us something about how the world works on a meta-level, but when Hollywood scriptwriters took over his story for the final season, they brought it down to the formulaic, myopic micro-level. Audiences found the result cliched.Cliches are a sign that we detect an uncanny falseness in the image we are shown and while ghostwriting delivers one form of falseness, the most extreme form of falseness in fiction is plagiarism. Who is telling the story matters both to the reader and, of course, to the original author. On the internet, falseness extends to book reviews, claims of being a best-selling author, and social media profiles loaded with fake followers.Whereas my book got five, very nice reviews from people I’ve never met, my plagiarist’s book got fifty reviews, all glowing and echoing his marketing slogans. One of the reviewers was named ‘tulip’ and appeared to have reviewed every Amazon product in existence with five stars. I also found the plagiarist’s book on an Australian site called Booktopia and saw three reviews which had the same text as some of the Amazon reviews. The reviewers on the Australian bookshop website were from the US, Kuala Lumpur, and Turkey – not a typical Australian clientele. If you give certain advertising services your cash, they will give you a chorus of fake, online praise. Perhaps my plagiarist did not know that Amazon sometimes sues those who use or provide fake reviews.My plagiarist also claimed to have many reviews on news sites. His book was given a glowing review on Medium by a man with a foreign account who advertised “Essential Ecommerce Tactics to Boost Your Business.” Does buying fake reviews constitute fraud?My plagiarist advertised himself as a number one best selling author, but after some research, I learned how easy it is to make it onto the Amazon bestseller list in an obscure category. One author got a “number one bestseller” ranking for a book that included nothing more than a picture of his foot. Does calling yourself a “bestseller” constitute fraud?Fake authors and fake reviews on Amazon are, perhaps, no surprise, but how easy is it to become a fake “influencer”? I watched my plagiarist’s number of Twitter followers go from 25,000 to 90,000 over the course of a couple of weeks and when I compared this number of followers to those of a truly famous author like Anne Rice who is far more active on Twitter and who has 180,000 followers, his numbers made no sense until I saw a reporter demonstrate that after paying a service 200 Euro, he could make his Instagram account go from 1000 followers to 24,000 followers within two weeks. He was even offered 2900 Euro by several companies that wanted him to help market their products. Half of the followers came from a bot that went around following others and asking them to follow him –and who knows how many of those were bots as well?On Twitter or Instagram, fake followers improve your image and don’t hurt the distribution of your words, but on sites like Medium or Quora, if a fake follower doesn’t interact with your content, scrolling through all of the text and liking, that counts against you and prevents your content from being distributed more widely. If you don’t like what someone is writing, you could spend 20 dollars and get their account spammed with fake followers who produce down votes or click patterns indicative of lack of interest, effectively preventing their words from spreading in an automated war of ideas.This clearly distorts the message delivered to readers, but damage is also done to writers when they are preyed upon by marketing services which use questionable methods and metrics of success. A writer might be motivated to produce more content through the illusion that people are following them or they might be seduced by an email from the freelancing and marketing site Fiverr entitled “We will make you a rockstar!” As the sales rep for online marketing tools, such companies may not know or need to know the dirty work behind the scenes, but this leads to the question: is a middleman for fraudulent or illegal activity liable in any way? It used to be that such a narcissism-enabling role was filled by a Rasputin or a Svengali. Today the character is AI and corporate.If a quarter of Twitter accounts are dormant accounts of real people and half are bots, that means only a quarter of Twitter users are real, live active users. For people using Twitter for business and personal purposes, multiple accounts would be expected and that means that perhaps only 20% of accounts represent a single individual who might be influenced politically or commercially. With this estimate, ~60 million accounts represent real advertising targets and if you are only interested in accounts in English speaking countries, then your potential audience may only be 20 million people. How much money and energy are companies dumping into reaching those 20 million people? Since Twitter’s yearly revenue is between 2 and 3 billion dollars — that is as much as 50 dollars per potential customer on average and that doesn’t count what people are spending to purchase fake followers and bots. If only English speaking customers are targeted by Twitter ads, that means 150 dollars is being spent to grab the attention of each customer.Of course, one shouldn’t discount the non-English speaking population. If military interests are trying to influence other countries, perhaps spending 50 dollars per person is a worthwhile propaganda investment. Bombs are expensive. In any case, there is a major disconnect between reality and the promises of online advertising vendors. Twitter’s official statement to Congress was that they believed only 5% of their accounts were bots.What is even stranger is that it would be incredibly easy to get rid of the bots with Captchas (those distorted bits of text you have to type in), but Twitter doesn't do this, even when major news organizations notice that half of the half-million tweets on a major news story are generated by bots. This suggests to me that the people funding Twitter want to have the ability to use bots. Bots are probably the reason that Twitter is funded at all.But this problem isn’t unique to Twitter. A few months ago, NYMag wrote an article about a group that fleeced advertisers out of 38 million dollars by creating a bot that clicked on ads and visited company websites. It estimated that half of all web traffic is fake.In this new, internet economy, advertising companies pay the pirates for their content and the pirates use freelancing sites to manufacture and market more content, the online publishers distribute it to an audience of bots, and the DMCA takedown companies send their bots off in search of copyrighted material — it is only 29.99 per month to have a service scan the web for your words, but who knows how trustworthy such services really are. My guess is that the bubble in 1999 was nothing compared to this hot air balloon.The disconnect between reality and the mirror provided to us by media is causing an inflated sense of expectation. Kids are looking at themselves through Snapchat image filters which make them look like supermodels. Their friends are purchasing research papers and resumes from ghostwriters. They are threatened by school shootings and their teachers are walking out because there is no funding for art and music — the sorts of tools they need to heal from the trauma caused by the fake economies of the internet.They need help in rediscovering who they really are, but our media is not doing the job. It is fueling fantasies without putting them into perspective. In short, we live in a world in which intelligence can be found everywhere, but sanity is in short supply. That is the only explanation I can find for why the media tells me that Elon Musk wants to move to Mars and Jeff Bezos wants to move to the moon.Plagiarism is insanity because it invites disaster and I suspect that while many plagiarists are cynically trying to squeeze money out of the KDP platform, others are doing it as a cry for help after becoming isolated in a bubble created by social-media. Misbehaving is the only way they can make something happen in their lives and if the misbehavior can give them a temporary reputation as a successful novelist, they are ready to take the risk. Being ignored, feeling unloved, and feeling like a failure hurts too much, and freelancing sites like Fiverr offer an easy solution, so common sense gets subverted.Without such subversion, we wouldn’t have turned the publishing industry into a pay-to-play, bot-infected farce and I wouldn’t have had my novel plagiarized within four months by a person who had no qualms about purchasing ghostwriting, reviews, and twitter followers. Elizabeth Holmes would’ve never been able to convince anyone to give her 700 million dollars to deliver automated tests of microscopic amounts of blood when all of the experts said it wasn’t possible. Newspapers across the world wouldn’t have put a cute PhD student’s picture of an unimaginably distant ‘black hole’ on the front page. For those in the know, that was like telling people that this is a picture of a cat.You don’t see a cat? You just need to apply the right cat-shaped filters.This static depicts our present-day narrative about ourselves. It has been overwhelmed with noise and when we claim to see what the noise is saying, most of the time, we are deluding ourselves. People will only tolerate noise for so long before they turn it off and that is how many people have responded to the news and fiction available on the internet. People are reading less because what is available is noise. The reason is that professional writers are no longer getting paid and attention-hungry amateurs, fake news factories, conspiracy theorists, and ‘useful idiots’ are doing the job instead . Do you not like the quality of this article? Guess what, I’m an amateur and I won’t be paid for this. I’m only telling this story because I want people to read my books and I want to find out if my plagiarist got a hold of my manuscript before or after I put it on Amazon.Stories like mine are enough to make any writer paranoid about a seedy world of slush-pile mining among literary agencies, beta-reading communities, and publishers. Hopeful authors send their manuscripts off and they are stolen, revamped, repackaged, and published without the original author’s knowledge. If the book is successful, it may rise above the noise and become a victim of its own success. Then the lucky, original author might notice the plagiarism, complain, and get paid to go away. But most of the time, the work and the money earned just dissolves into the noise.Such things happen in the fast-paced world of script writing all of the time and that is why scriptwriters formed guilds to protect themselves. It has only been since the invention of the internet that these sorts of problems have become a concern of novelists. Perhaps fiction writers need a guild to identify the hacks who pay-to-play by buying Amazon advertising and flooding their KDP platform with anything they can steal and repackage.Then again, Amazon is certainly aware of the problem. KDP authors are paid for each page read and if other online communities are a guide, the KDP platform has been infected with legions of fake ‘readers’ who direct profits to certain users. There are even people who openly admit that they have constructed a “low content or no content publishing business on KDP”.As in, he publishes trash or randomly-generated words, fake readers (bots) consume it, and he gets paid 25k per month.Next, consider this lady who is trying to profit off of teaching people how to steal content off of the internet and sell it on Amazon.It wouldn’t be in Amazon’s interest to openly combat this problem when genuine authors are blindly playing along and customers are giving them plenty of money to spend on their dreams of moving to the moon. Money for art, music, and literature is being funneled into a STEM subsidy, just as it has been across all sectors of the economy – with far-reaching consequences for our culture. It used to be that the Mad Men of Madison Avenue would tell us who we are, but with a globalized literary-entertainment-advertising machine, smart people are kept busy in STEM-mills while the rest of us are being told who we are by foreign ghostwriters who feed online platforms with plagiarized or subversive material.The new, EU copyright law which will hold platforms liable for infringing content is one proposed solution to this problem. I have some alternative ideas:Writers guilds could be created to vet authors and combat plagiarism. If a writer is in a guild, Amazon would fast-track their publication.All authors should be limited to publishing one book per year. More than that dramatically increases the likelihood that they are farming content.Book-length should be limited to prevent “stuffing”. We want quality over quantity.Authors who are not in a guild should not be able to immediately profit from their work. When they submit, their work should be placed in a review state during which a community can evaluate it for plagiarism.Basically, my idea is to slow down the self-publication process and make sure that authors are identifiable. Amazon’s top D-Day book was recently called out for what looked like made-up historical quotes and when the newspaper tried to find out who the author was, they couldn’t. People should be able to publish anonymously, but we shouldn’t make it easy for anonymous authors to plagiarize and profit from it.I can‘t find the person who plagiarized my novel. When I contacted him, he blocked me from his social media accounts. He might be a real person or using a pen name. He might be a she. This is all very ironic because the protagonist of my novel suffered from similar uncertainty about the identity of her tormentor. My novel is about technosocial evolution and electronic plagiarism is a perfect avatar for the story. This feels like life imitating art, or like catching a glimpse of a game I‘ve been playing blindfolded.Not only is there no transparency in ebook authorship, there is no transparency in billing. If you are an author of a print-on-demand book, and you ask a vendor like Amazon for a purchase ID number with which you could audit their system and check that the purchases of your books are actually being recorded or that the books which are being re-sold through their used-books system are not coming directly from a counterfeit, print-on-demand producer, you can’t get one. Amazon says purchase ID numbers are proprietary information. You have to trust the system. After my experience with self-publishing, I don’t trust the system at all.Then again, I represent just one out of a million books being published per year in the US alone. From a larger perspective, my book is one out of 130 million books in existence in the world. For my voice to break through that amount of noise would take a lightning strike of historic proportions.Worldwide, at any given moment, one in every thousand people is writing a book that will be published. If you exclude all people who are living on less than ten dollars a day, then using an estimate of one book per person, one in every hundred people is going to publish a book. Even if you are better than 99% of the other authors you see in the slush pile, you still only have one chance in ten thousand to be read widely and one chance in a hundred to experience a reasonable amount of success. On top of this, the internet increasingly tilts the literary battleground for our thoughts towards those who are willing to engage in theft and fraud.The book I wrote starts with a video job interview in a big, bad, brave new world. The protagonist’s work is pointless and she spends all of her time talking with AIs or with herself until she is fired. She then becomes destitute and is paid to destroy plutocrats' property. When she leaves the city, she sees another version of herself attacked and eaten by beasts. Unable to communicate, she literally and figuratively eats fruit from the tree of knowledge and gazes into a new sort of mirror which is responsible for the deaths of most of the people in the city. Because she survives her look into the mirror, she is turned into a messiah and finds out what happened to her absent father. The mysterious person who had been guiding her life tells her that he is obsessed with her because he learns from her struggles, she runs away from him etc...In my book, the girl was named Alix and in the book my plagiarist published only four months later, the girl was named Renee. The main difference between the characters is that I gave Alix dignity despite adversity whereas the author of Renee depicts her getting ridden by an "alpha male" with her tongue lolling.We used to have a publishing industry that had dignity despite adversity, but with editors replaced by algorithms, this is no longer the case. Clickbait, fraud, plagiarism, and noise rule the day with impacts on our culture that only become clear in hindsight.Noise drowns out voices that need to be heard.Noise lulls us to sleep while immigrant children are stolen from their parents and collected in internment camps.In a way, the history of music explains our present-day noise. It is a sort of zooming in process, starting back at the dawn of the enlightenment when music was about everything. It was epic and depicted the world as a whole. Then the romantic era began and the music sang the songs of the individual soul. The joy, the despair, the currents of mood flowed in sweeping melodies. Then the world wars started and the music became focused even further with syncopated klinks of the keys depicting the zips and zaps of the currents within our minds described by scientists. The meaning could not be deciphered, but it depicted an aspect of our selves. After the world wars, the music got louder. If you take the words away, you have the banging and booming sounds, the rock and the roll of abstraction which has evolved into the pulsing heartbeat of electronica and a cacophony of white noise. This is the song of our dark age, but there are hints of a new enlightenment dawning. We are emerging from an intellectual bottleneck which will select new, epic songs to describe the world as a whole.When the world is flooded with noise, we seek out a refuge, a sort of ark for the mind.Tolkien made the ark that helped minds survive the birth of nuclear power. It preserved our absolute sense of good and evil and there was an anti-technology message: no unified field theory allowed - compartmentalize and scatter the knowledge far and wide. People are not ready for that sort of power.Star Trek was the ark that helped minds survive the birth of the computer. It preserved our hope that technology would give our lives meaning. To boldly go where no man has gone before.. let's ignore the fact that this boldness caused us to poison ourselves with neurotoxic triclosan and over-exposure to cheap-thrills entertainment for years and years.Marvel Comics is the ark of today, yet what is it preserving? It tells us that there are real bad guys out there who need to be defeated and heroes are required. Thanos and others provide anti-science storylines in which science is only good as long as it is not connected to power, but the overall message is - billionaire heroes, government-created heroes, etc.. are fighting for YOU!What would you put into your mental ark? What would you preserve?My novels don’t have a fight the bad guys message. The protagonist submits and escapes. She doesn't chase the bad guy, she only tries to rescue the things she loves. Eventually, the bad guy calms down and stops causing so much destruction. His destructive impulses were driven by loveless, unsatisfied curiosity. The good in my world is the opposite of "to boldly go where no man has gone before". In my story, eating from the tree of knowledge either caused a person to kill himself or it made him evil because he hated what he saw in the mirror, but the protagonist survived her look at herself because she didn't have such ridiculous expectations. She served as an example for the bad guy and he became good.I think this message can help people and that is why I wrote the books, so I shouldn´t be bothered if the message is stolen and copied. I have a roof over my head and I´m not starving. The important thing is to help people rise above the noise so that they can focus on fixing the problems in their communities. But even here at Quora, I cannot get this article distributed. The stupidest stuff that I write is what gets distributed and something about this article must be too hard to grasp or, perhaps, it is too offensive.Orwell envisioned the thought police as an officially sanctioned group of people, like moderators, but today we know that the thought police live within all of us. We are our own worst enemies. We all want to be accepted and so we try to like and dislike the things that will make us acceptable. Fear is at the heart of this behavior and we are all cowards. When people are mean or when they turn a blind eye to meanness, the cause is usually fear and it is easy to have compassion for fear, but certain occupations are not right for cowards.As writers, we should be fearless and show the cowards the scary things that need to be said. They may sometimes hate us for it, but in time, they may thank us. When we write to appease the cowards, we do them a disservice and we drown important messages with our noise. We tell cowards it is okay to turn a blind eye to injustice and reality. We tell them it is okay to live in a fantasy world when people are suffering right before their eyes. This is not okay. There is a moral aspect to the choice to become a writer.When I look at the virtue-signaling reactions that online communities have, I see people rewarding the cowardly stories that avoid controversy but don't tell us anything new. They know that will make them look like good, non-offensive people. Innocuous. Non-threatening. This is why mindless click bait has become the song and scourge of our age. Editors, curators, and tastemakers who were selected for their courage and good sense have been taken out of the loop and replaced by majority rule algorithms that feed the fear and vanity of the lowest common denominators. By flattening the hierarchy, we flattened our knowledge base and put experts on equal footing with know-nothings.As much as I hate the inefficiencies and injustices that arise in a hierarchy, the structure does serve a useful filtering purpose so that group thinking idiots don't end up making critical decisions. The miniseries Chernobyl illustrates this when a physicist goes to the mayor to insist that everyone get iodine tablets and evacuate and he refuses because it isn't what the party (group) decided.This article is a wake-up call and people like the mayor of Pripyat hate that sort of thing. They would rather keep living as though everything is the way it has always been. They would rather not know about poison raining down from the sky.When I use hard language, I know it will offend cowards, those who deliberately misinterpret meanings in order to make someone else look bad, or those who derive a sense of power from finding fault, but it will inspire the brave. It is natural to be afraid of people who don't show fear. They are dangerous to themselves and others, but they are the only people who have any chance against the noise produced by the thought police. I sincerely believe that if you aren't going to be fearless, you shouldn't be writing. You are just making noise and drowning out the signal that will help reduce suffering. That statement will be offensive to some writers, but I don't think there is anything wrong with that.To be offensive is to attack and a writer should attack the page with a passionate message that must be heard. I think we should take that word back from the thought police and use it with pride. I am offensive!Perhaps that is the reason that no one will ever read my books. Perhaps the only message that will ever be heard will be that of my plagiarist and maybe that is okay with many readers.Other readers may object because they believe audiences have a right to the truth. Fiction is produced through a uniquely organic process which is tied to the experiences of the original author and when a plagiarist poses as the original author, the audience has been fed a lie.Although the new EU copyright law is designed to prevent plagiarism and to reduce the noise produced on the internet, many people do not like this development. Then again, many people enjoy being surrounded by noise, but that does not mean it is good for them.There are books that will help kids make sense of their world and give them the courage to do what needs to be done to keep the peace when the noise gets too loud. This is why I started writing and plagiarism does not change that at all, it just makes it harder to be heard.I would like to conclude with a pre-internet song that cryptically speaks to the issue of plagiarism.-Kirsten Hacker

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