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Where can I get complete information about the conditions for availing OBC benefits on the JEE Advanced?

We should read complete guideline as below:Table of ContentsJEE Advanced 2017 OverviewA Brief About JEE Advanced 2017JEE Advanced Eligibility Criteria 2017JEE Advanced Application Form 2017JEE Advanced Important Dates 2017JEE Advanced Syllabus 2017JEE Advanced Exam Pattern 2017JEE Advanced Admit Card 2017JEE Advanced Rank List 2017JEE Advanced Cutoff 2017JEE Advanced Answer Key 2017JEE Advanced Result 2017JEE Advanced 2017 ToppersJEE Advanced Counselling and Seat Allotment 2017JEE Advanced Exam Centres 2017JEE Advanced Participating Institutes 2017JEE Advanced OverviewJoint Entrance Exam (JEE) is an All-India Common Entrance Exam for admission to engineering colleges across India. It is conducted in two phases – JEE (Main) and JEE (Advanced). The IITs and ISM provide admission based on the results of JEE Advanced. Even the NITs, IIITs and other central or state-funded institutes grant admission based on JEE (Main) scores. Students can give the JEE Advanced only if they clear the cutoff marks in JEE Main. Also, IIT JEE is considered as one of the toughest exams in the world. Over 14 Lakh students appear every year and only 20,000 get a rank.A Brief About JEE Advanced 2017http://S.No.Details of the examSpecifications1Exam NameJoint Entrance Exam (Advanced)2Commonly known asJEE Advanced3Exam TypeNational4Exam CategoryUndergraduate (UG)5Conducting authorityIIT Madras6Number of JEE Advanced takers2,20,0007JEE Advanced 2017 Selection processAdmission through JoSAA counselling on the basis of JEE Advanced Ranks8Mode of examOfflineJEE (Advanced) 2017 will be conducted by seven zonal Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) under the guidance of Joint Admission Board (JAB). The performance of a candidate in this examination will form the basis for admission to various bachelor’s degree programmes in 22 IITs and the Indian School of Mines (ISM), Dhanbad along with other reputed engineering institutes.JEE Advanced Eligibility Criteria 2017To be eligible for appearing in JEE Advanced 2017, the candidates must meet the eligibility criteria of JEE Advanced 2017.Criterion 1 – Performance in JEE MainThe applicant must be among the top 2,20,000 (all categories included) in the JEE Main. The percentage of the total number of candidates for various categories are as follows:50.5% for GEN (from the common rank list), 27% for OBC-NCL, 15% for SC and 7.5% for ST. Within each of these four categories, 3% horizontal reservation is available for PwD candidates. PwD category includes Dyslexic candidates also.Criterion 2 – Age LimitOne needs to be 24 years of age if belonging to the GEN or OBC-NCL category and 29 years of age if belonging to the SC, ST or PwD category.Criterion 3 – Number of AttemptsA candidate can give the JEE Advanced a maximum of two times and that too in consecutive years.Criterion 4 – Appearance in Class XII (or equivalent) examinationA candidate must have given and passed the Class XII (or equivalent) examination for the first time in all the subjects in either the preceding year or the year of JEE Advanced exam.Those, who appeared for the first time in their class XII (or equivalent) examination in the year before the preceding year or earlier, are not eligible. But candidates whose class XII (or equivalent) examination board results for an academic year (3 years prior to the current JEE Advanced exam year), were declared after June of the following year (a year prior to the preceding year of the examination) are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced.Criterion 5 – Earlier admission at IITs/ISMThe candidate should not have already taken admission (irrespective of whether or not he/she continued in the programme) or even accepted any kind of admission by paying fees at any of the IITs or ISM in the past; even the candidates who had tried at other institutes but their admission was cancelled are not eligible. However, candidates who have been admitted to a preparatory course in any of the IITs in the preceding year can appear for JEE Advanced.Examinations considered as equivalent to class XIIThe final examination of the 10+2 system, conducted by a Central or State Board recognized by the Association of Indian UniversitiesIntermediate or two-year Pre-University examination conducted by a Board or University recognized by the Association of Indian UniversitiesFinal examination of the two-year course of the Joint Services Wing of the National Defence AcademySenior Secondary School Examination conducted by the National Institute of Open Schooling with a minimum of five subjectsAny Public School, Board or University examination in India or in a foreign country recognized as equivalent to the 10+2 system by the Association of Indian Universities (AIU)S.C. vocational examinationA Diploma recognized by the All India Council for Technical Education or a State Board of Technical Education of at least 3 years durationGeneral Certificate Education (GCE) examination (London, Cambridge or Sri Lanka) at the Advanced (A) levelHigh School Certificate Examination of the Cambridge University or International Baccalaureate Diploma of the International Baccalaureate Office, GenevaAdmissions to IITs/ISM Dhanbad:To get admission into IITs and ISM, candidates should satisfy at least one of these two criteria:He/she is within the category-wise top 20 percentile of successful candidates in his/her respective Class XII (or equivalent) board examination.He/she has secured 75% marks (for GEN or OBC-NCL) or 65% (SC, ST or PwD) of aggregate marks in Class XII (or equivalent) board examination.The marks scored in the following five subjects will be considered for calculating the aggregate marks and the cut-off marks for fulfilling the top 20 percentile criterion:PhysicsChemistryMathematicsA language (if the candidate has taken more than one language, then the language with the higher marks will be considered)Any subject other than the above four (the subject with the higher marks will be given preference).JEE Advanced Application Form 2017The JEE Advanced Application Form 2017 was available for all eligible candidates from April 28 to May 2, 2017 (5 PM). Registrations with late fee were open from May 3 to May 4, 2017.Important Dates of JEE Advanced 2017 Application Formhttp://S.NoEventsImportant Dates1Start of JEE Advanced 2017 RegistrationApril 28, 2017 (11 am onwards)2End of RegistrationsMay 2, 2017 (till 5pm)3Last Date for Registrations with Late FeesMay 3 and May 4, 20174JEE Advanced 2017 ExamMay 21, 2017Paper I – 9 am to 12 pmPaper II – 2 pm to 5 pmThe JEE Advanced 2017 application procedure includes three basic steps – filling registration form, uploading scanned certificates and paying registration fees.Step 1: JEE Advanced 2017 RegistrationCandidates need to first visit the official website of JEE Advanced and register themselves online.Then they have to enter their JEE Main Roll Number, password and security pin and choose a new password for JEE AdvancedNote: Keep this password safely as you will need it for all the JEE Advanced-related operations.After making the new password, you will be redirected to a page that contains your personal and academic details from the JEE Main application.Here, candidates have to provide details like the number of attempts, exam cities, etc. They have to choose 3 exam centres from the JEE Advanced exam centre list.Note: The chosen test centres should be within the same IIT Zone.Applicants have to then select the language of question paper (Hindi or English).Then they need to mention whether they fall in the DS category.Students who require a scribe should clearly mention it.Note: Any kind of request related to the change of centre or language of question paper will not be entertained.JEE (Advanced) Password GuidelinesPassword must be 8 to 13 Characters long.It must be a combination of one upper case alphabet, one lower case alphabet, one numeric value and one special character like !@#$%^&*-.Forgot Your Password? Know how to reset your password:Candidates can use the security question and its answer chosen during filling registration form.ORThe verification code sent via text message (SMS) to registered mobile numberORA reset link sent via Email to your registered Email addressStep 2: Uploading the Scanned CertificatesThe candidates have to upload the scanned certificates of Class X or DOB proof, Class XII (or equivalent) examination, Category, PwD, Scribe Request Letter, “OCI” or “PIO”, DS certificate as applicable in JPG/JPEG format.Keep in mind that the size of the certificate image has to be greater than 50 KB and less than 300 KB.Documents Required:Here’s a list of certificates and other documents that have to be uploaded at the time of online registration for JEE Advanced-All candidatesA colour photograph of full frontal (face) view, with the head centered in the frame covering 70-80% of the photograph and taken within the last six months. The photograph should be such that it helps unmistakable identification of the candidate.Class X certificate if the date of birth is mentioned in it OR birth certificateClass XII (or equivalent examination) certificate (for those who appeared for this examination in the preceding year of the examination) Scanned copy of candidate’s full signatureScanned copy of left-hand thumb impressionIf the name is not same as in the Class X certificate, gazette notification showing the change of nameCandidates seeking admission under the OBC-NCL categoryOBC-NCL certificate (form EC2) issued on or after June of the preceding year of the entrance examination conforming to the latest guidelines of the Government of IndiaCandidates seeking admission under the SC or ST categoryCaste (for SC) or tribe (for ST) certificate (form EC1)Candidates seeking admission under the PwD categoryDisability certificate (form EC3) issued by a district medical board / competent authority. Dyslexic candidate needs to submit form EC6 instead of form EC3.Candidates needing the services of a scribeRequest letter to the Chairman of the respective zonal IIT (form EC5)PwD certificate (form EC3) OR certificate for dyslexic candidate (form EC6) issued by the competent authorityCandidates seeking admission under the DS categoryCertificate (form EC4) issued by a competent authority in the Directorate of Resettlement and Rehabilitation, New Delhi under the Ministry of Defence or the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of IndiaCandidates whose class XII examination board is outside India or not listed in section 10- examinations considered as equivalent to class XIIA certificate from the Association of Indian Universities to the effect that the examination qualified by the candidates is equivalent to the Class XII examinationStep 3: Application Fee PaymentMale: Rs.2000 (Gen category)Female: Rs.1000 (Gen category)Third Gender: Rs.2000 (Gen category)Male: Rs.2000 (OBC-NCL category)Female: Rs.1000 (OBC-NCL category)Third Gender: Rs.2000 (OBC-NCL category)Male: Rs.1000 (SC category)Female: Rs.1000 (SC category)Third Gender: Rs.1000 (SC category)Male: Rs.1000 (ST category)Female: Rs.1000 (ST category)Third Gender: Rs.1000 (ST category)Male: Rs.1000 (PwD category)Female: Rs.1000 (PwD category)Third Gender: Rs.1000 (PwD category)For Dubai: USD 220 (for all categories)JEE Advanced Important Dates 2017EventsDateOnline Registration/Application availabilityApril 28, 2017 (11 am onwards)Online Registration/Application closesMay 2, 2017 (till 5 pm)Registration with Late FeeMay 3 (Wednesday) to May 4, 2017 (Thursday)Downloading JEE Advanced 2017 Admit CardMay 10, 2017 (12 noon) to May 21, 2017 (9 am)JEE Advanced 2017 ExamPaper IPaper IIMay 21, 2017 (Sunday)9 am to 12 pm2 pm to 5 pm(a) Online Display of ORS and scanned responses(b) Request for Review of Scanned ResponsesMay 31, 2017 (10 am) toJune 3, 2017 (5 pm)Online display of Answer KeysJune 4, 2017 (10 am)Feedback for candidates on Answer KeysJune 4, 2017 (10 am) to June 6, 2017 (5 pm)Online Declaration of JEE Advanced 2017 ResultJune 11, 2017 (10 am) declaredOnline Registration for Architecture Aptitude TestJune 11, 2017 (10 am) to June 12, 2017 (5 pm)Architecture Aptitude TestJune 14, 2017 (9 am to 12 pm)Online declaration of results of Architecture Aptitude TestJune 18, 2017 (Sunday)Seat Allotment (Tentative)June 19 to July 18, 2017JEE Advanced Syllabus 2017The syllabus of JEE Advanced 2017 includes topics from Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. It’s important to go through the syllabus of JEE Advanced to get clarity about what all topics you need to study and what to avoid.JEE Advanced Syllabus 2017http://S.NoSubjectsTopics1Physics· General· Mechanics· Thermal Physics· Electricity and Magnetism· Optics· Modern Physics2Chemistry· Physical Chemistry· Inorganic Chemistry· Organic Chemistry3Mathematics· Algebra· Trigonometry· Analytical Geometry· Differential Calculus· Integral Calculus· VectorsJEE Advanced Exam Pattern 2017The Exam Pattern of JEE Advanced 2017 includes things like the type of questions asked in the entrance exam, marking scheme, time duration, weightage given to different sections and subjects, etc. The exam pattern of JEE Advanced 2017 was certainly different from the exam pattern in 2016. Here are the details.(Paper-1 (10 sets, 0 to 9)- Total 54 questions) – Total Marks 183JEE Advanced Exam Pattern 2017 (Paper I):SectionQuestion TypeNumber of QuestionsCategory-wise marks of each questionsFull marksPartial MarksZero MarksNegative MarksMaximum Marks of the section1One or more correct option (s)7+4If only the bubble (s) corresponding to all the correct option (s) is (are) darkened+1For darkening a bubble corresponding to each correct option, provided NO incorrect answer option is darkened.0If none of the bubbles is darkened-2In all other cases282Single digit integer – (0-9)5+3If only the bubble corresponding to the correct answer is darkened—–0In all other cases___153Single correct option6+3If only the bubble corresponding to the correct option is darkened—–0If none of the bubbles is darkened-1In all other cases18(Paper-II (10 sets, 0 to 9) – Total 54 questions) – Total Marks 183JEE Advanced 2017 Exam Pattern for Paper 2:SectionQuestionTypeCategory-wise Marks for each sectionNo of QuestionsFull MarksPartial MarksZeroMarksNegativeMarksMax Marks1Single Correct Option7+ 3If only bubble(s) corresponding to all the correct option(s) is (are) darkened–0If none of the bubbles is darkened-1In all other cases212One or more options (correct)7+3If only the bubble corresponding to the correct answer is darkened+ 1For darkening a bubble corresponding to each correct option, provided No incorrect option is darkened0In all other case-2In all other cases283Comprehension4+3–0If none of the bubble (s) is/are darkened0In all other cases12Total for each subject61 marksJEE Advanced Admit Card 2017The Admit Card of JEE Advanced 2017 was made available for all candidates from May 10, 2017 (12 noon) to May 21, 2017 (9 am). Candidates, who managed to fill and submit the JEE Advanced 2017 application form on time, had to also download the admit card of JEE Advanced 2017 online by entering their JEE Advanced 2017 registration number, date of birth, mobile number and email ID. It needs to be noted that the JEE Advanced admit card 2017 will not be sent through any other means. Students have to show the admit card of JEE Advanced 2017 at the examination hall as otherwise they will be allowed to enter or appear in the entrance exam. It’s crucial to preserve the admit card of JEE Advanced 2017 till the admission gets over.How to Download JEE Advanced Admit Card 2017The link to access the admit card of JEE Advanced 2017 is here.The candidates had to enter their JEE Advanced 2017 registration number, date of birth, mobile number and email IDThe admit card was displayed on the screen after submitting the required details.Note that the JEE Advanced 2017 admit card includes crucial information like the name & roll number of the applicant, address, photographs, signature, date of birth, category, language opted and details/address of the exam centre allotted.JEE Advanced Rank List 2017The Rank List of JEE Advanced 2017 was declared by IIT Madras on June 11 (10 am) along with the result of JEE Advanced 2017. JEE Advanced 2017 Rank List is a part of the result declaration of JEE Advanced and includes category-wise ranks along with the All India Ranks of candidates who have successfully qualified in the entrance exam. All the ranks given in the result of JEE Advanced are based on the aggregate marks obtained by the candidates in each subject for both paper 1 & paper 2.How to check JEE Advanced 2017 Rank List?For checking the JEE Advanced 2017 Rank List – Click HereEnter yourJEE Advanced 2017 application number and date of birthClick on the “Submit button”Your JEE Advanced rank list/rank card will appear on your system displayTie-breaking policy – JEE Advanced Rank ListIn case, 2 or more candidates secure the same marks, then the tie-breaking policy will be applicable. As per the tie-breaking policy, the student with higher marks in Mathematics will be given a higher rank. If the tie still exists, then the candidate with higher marks in Physics will be given a higher rank. Further, if it still doesn’t break the tie, then the candidates will be offered equal/similar rank.Here’s a table to check the minimum prescribed percentage of marks and minimum percentage of aggregate marks for inclusion in JEE Advanced rank list.JEE Advanced 2017 Qualifying MarksCategoryPwD StatusRank ListMin. Marks in Each SubjectMin.Aggregate MarksAnyAnyCRL12128OBC-NCLAnyOBC-NCL rank list10115SCAnySC rank list664STAnyST rank list664AnyYesCRL-PwD664OBC-NCLYesOBC-NCL-PwD rank list664SCYesSC-PwD rank list664STYesST-PwD rank list664AnyYesPC-CRL-PwD332OBC-NCLYesPC-OBC-NCL-PwD332SCAnyPC-SC332SCYesPC-SC-PwD332Criterion for inclusion in JEE Advanced 2017 Rank ListRank ListMinimum Percentage of Marks in Each SubjectMinimum Percentage of Aggregate MarksCommon rank list (CRL)10.035.0OBC-NCL rank list9.031.5SC rank list5.017.5ST rank list5.017.5Common-PwD rank list (CRL-PwD)5.017.5OBC-NCL-PwD rank list5.017.5SC-PwD rank list5.017.5ST-PwD rank list5.017.5Preparatory course (PC) rank lists2.58.75Maximum Aggregate Marks and Maximum Marks in Each Subject (2017)Maximum aggregate marks366 (183 each in Paper 1 and Paper 2)Maximum marks in Physics122 (61 each in Paper 1 and Paper 2)Maximum marks in Chemistry122 (61 each in Paper 1 and Paper 2)Maximum marks in Mathematics122 (61 each in Paper 1 and Paper 2)Summary of Number of Candidates in JEE Advanced (2017)CategoryPwD StatusRegisteredAppearedQualifiedGENNo691506588722946Yes975886444OBC-NCLNo62483575028821Yes577509222SCNo272872460513277Yes12911235STNo11389100084701Yes34319Total17202415954054055Gender and Category-wise summary of Number of Candidates in JEE Advanced (2017)Gender/CategoryRegisteredAppearedQualifiedMale Candidates13866512966843318Female Candidates33358298727137Other100OCI12411258PIO545029Foreign5981097JEE Advanced Cutoff 2017The JEE Advanced Cutoff for 2017 will not be made available to students until the counselling and admission process starts. So, in the meanwhile, students can use the previous year’s cutoff trends to get an idea of the minimum JEE Advanced scores required to plan their admissions ahead.JEE Advanced 2016 Cutoff (Opening and Closing Rank)http://S.No.InstituteOpening RankClosing Rank1.IIT Madras6253192.IIT Bombay148803.IIT Patna154178914.IIT Indore93377325.IIT (BHU) Varanasi50098056.IIT Kharagpur13863127.ISM Dhanbad165595308.IIT Delhi2454319.IIT Roorkee294753110.IIT Gandhinagar493686911.IIT Hyderabad418684412.IIT Kanpur113746913.IIT Guwahati406800014.IIT Jammu4743621915.IIT Jodhpur699600616.IIT Dharwad2914847817.IIT Palakkad2818864818.IIT Tirupati2524853619.IIT Bhubaneswar1497848220.IIT Ropar898737221.IIT Mandi1701712422.IIT Goa3003757123.IIT Bhilai31468379JEE Advanced Answer Key 2017The official answer key of JEE Advanced 2017 was released on June 4 by IIT Madras. It has been announced separately for paper codes for both Paper 1 & Paper 2. Students could upload the feedback on JEE Advanced answer key 2017 till June 6 (5:00 pm).You can check the Answer Keys for Paper 1 & Paper 2 (all the codes) here.JEE Advanced Result 2017The result of JEE Advanced was announced online on June 11, 2017 ( at 10 pm). All the candidates can check the JEE Advanced 2017 result by logging into the result portal using their application number and date of birth. The result of JEE Advanced 2017 includes the category-wise All India Rank (AIR) of the candidates. Please note that the counselling process will be based on the JEE Advanced 2017 ranks and students have also been notified about declaration of results on their registered mobile numbers. However, individual rank cards will not be sent to the candidate.Also, it needs to be noted that just qualifying in JEE Advanced 2017, filling up choices and participating in the seat allocation process will not guarantee admission to an IIT. The final allotment of seats depends on various factors like availability of seats during the counselling round. Also, only those candidates who qualify in JEE Advanced 2017 are eligible to participate in JoSAA counselling.JEE Advanced 2017 ToppersTopperRankSarvesh Mehtani1Akshat Chugh2Ananye Agarwal3Shafil Maheen N4Suraj Yadav5Saurav Yadav6Aashish Waiker7Onkar Deshpande8Rachit Bansal9Lakshay Sharma10JEE Advanced Counselling and Seat Allotment 2017The Counselling and Seat Allotment process of the JEE Advanced 2017 will be done by the Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA) from June 19 to July 18, 2017 for admissions to B.Tech programmes available across the 23 IITs. The total number of seats given through JEE Advanced 2017 counselling and seat allotment can definitely vary this year.The counselling and seat allotment process of JEE Advanced 2017 involves the following steps:JEE Advanced 2017 Online registrationJEE Advanced 2017 Online choice fillingJEE Advanced 2017 Online seat allotmentJEE Advanced 2017 Online seat acceptanceOnline Payment to book their provisional seat allocationPhysically appearing at the Reporting Centres with the required documentsJEE Advanced Exam Centres 2017All the JEE Advanced 2017 Exam Centres were divided into seven IIT zones namely- IIT Bombay Zone, IIT Delhi Zone, IIT Guwahati Zone, IIT Kanpur Zone, IIT Kharagpur Zone, IIT Madras Zone and IIT Roorkee Zone. A special code for each test centre was allotted to candidates along with the name while applying.IIT Madras, the conducting institute for 2017, has announced JEE Advanced Exam Centres 2017, Zone-wise list of test cities is as follows.IIT Bombay ZoneGoahttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Panaji101Gujarathttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Ahmedabad1022.Bhavnagar1133.Rajkot1034.Surat1045.Vadodara1056.Bhuj114Maharashtrahttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Mumbai1062.Nagpur1073.Nashik1174.Navi Mumbai1085.Pune1096.Aurangabad1157.Kolhapur116Rajasthanhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Ajmer1102.Jaipur1113.Jodhpur1124.Barmer1185.Bhilwara1196.Pali1207.Tonk121IIT Delhi ZoneDelhihttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Delhi (East)2012.Delhi (West)2023.Delhi (North)2034.Delhi (South)2045.Delhi (Central)205Haryanahttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Faridabad2062.Gurugram207Jammu & Kashmirhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Jammu208Madhya Pradeshhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Indore209Rajasthanhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Sikar2102.Udaipur2113.Alwar214Uttar Pradeshhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Aligarh2122.Mathura213IIT Guwahati ZoneArunachal Pradeshhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Itanagar301Assamhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Guwahati3022.Jorhat3033.Silchar304Biharhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Gaya3052.Katihar3063.Muzaffarpur3074.Patna308Manipurhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Imphal309Meghalayahttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Shillong310West Bengalhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Siliguri311IIT Kanpur ZoneMadhya Pradeshhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Bhopal4012.Gwalior4023.Jabalpur403Uttarakhandhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Haldwani404Uttar Pradeshhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Agra4052.Allahabad4063.Gorakhpur4074.Jhansi4085.Kanpur4096.Lucknow410IIT Kharagpur ZoneAndaman & Nicobar Islandhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Port Blair501Andhra Pradeshhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Visakhapatnam502Chhattisgarhhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Bhilai5032.Bilaspur5043.Raipur505Jharkhandhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Bokaro5062.Dhanbad5073.Jamshedpur5084.Ranchi509Odishahttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Bhubaneshwar5102.Rourkela511Sikkimhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Gangtok512Tripurahttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Agartala513West Bengalhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Durgapur5142.Kharagpur5153.Kolkata (North)5164.Kolkata (Salt Lake)5175.Kolkata (South)5186.Malda5197.Krishnagar520IIT Madras ZoneAndhra Pradeshhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Nellore6012.Vijayawada6023.Tirupati613Telanganahttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Hyderabad6032.Warangal6043.Mahabubnagar616Karnatakahttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Bengaluru6052.Mangaluru6063.Mysore614Keralahttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Kochi6072.Kozhikode6083.Thiruvananthapuram609Puducherryhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Puducherry610Tamil Naduhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Chennai6112.Madurai6123.Coimbatore615IIT Roorkee ZoneChandigarhhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Chandigarh701Haryanahttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Ambala7022.Kurukshetra7033.Panipat7044.Rohtak7055.Sonipat722Himachal Pradeshhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Palampur7062.Shimla707Punjabhttp://S.No.City/TownCode1.Amritsar7082.Bathinda7093.Jalandhar7104.Ludhiana7115.Patiala712UttarakhandS.No.City/TownCode1.Dehradun7132.Haridwar7143.Roorkee715Uttar PradeshS.No.City/TownCode1.Bareilly7162.Gautam Budh Nagar7173.Ghaziabad7184.Meerut7195.Moradabad7206.Varanasi721Foreign centres where JEE Advanced 2017 will be held are as follows-Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)Colombo (Sri Lanka)Dhaka (Bangladesh)Dubai (UAE)Kathmandu (Nepal)SingaporeJEE Advanced Participating Institutes 2017JEE Advanced Participating Institutes 2017 are the institutes that will offer admissions to qualifying candidates for their respective B.Tech/BE programmes. For the admission year 2017-18, JEE Advanced participating institutes 2017 are the same as in the year 2016-17.S. NoName of the Institutes1.Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University)2.Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar3.Indian Institute of Technology Bombay4.Indian Institute of Technology Delhi5.Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar6.Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati7.Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad8.Indian Institute of Technology Indore9.Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur10.Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur11.Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur12.Indian Institute of Technology Madras13.Indian Institute of Technology Mandi14.Indian Institute of Technology Palakkad15.Indian Institute of Technology Patna16.Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee17.Indian Institute of Technology Ropar18.Indian Institute of Technology Tirupati19.Indian Institute of Technology Chattisgarh20.Indian Institute of Technology Goa21.Indian Institute of Technology Jammu22.Indian Institute of Technology Karnataka23.Indian School of Mines, DhanbadOther institutes using JEE Advanced ranksS. NoName of the Institutes1.Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore2.Indian Institute of Petroleum and Energy (IIPE), Visakhapatnam3.Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), Bhopal4.Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), Mohali5.Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), Kolkata6.Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), Pune7.Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), Thiruvananthapuram8.Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Thiruvananthapuram9.Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology (RGIPT), Rae BareliThanks

How much sugar does human breast milk have?

Breast Milk Sugars Don’t Feed the InfantAs parents we often try to limit sugar for our kids. However, with breast milk – the sugars are essential food for helpful bacteria that grow in an infant’s gut. Along with fats, water, antioxidants from mom’s diet, antibodies, and other compounds, breast milk has a diversity of complex carbohydrate sugars. Called human milk oligosaccharides (HMO), these chains of carbohydrates bonded together are difficult to break apart. Humans do not make the enzymes that can break these breast milk sugar bonds [1, 2]. Our helpful gut bacteria do [3-6].Infants and most gut bacteria don’t have the enzymes in their guts to digest the sugars that dominate human breast milk. The beneficial bacterium, ifidobacterium infantis, uses enzyme Endo BI-1 for breaking sugars to use for food. This may explain why B. infantis dominates the gut of breast fed babies.HMO sugars are extremely different from their refined and over-processed cousins that we use to sweeten our drinks and solid foods. Refined and processed sugars are primarily simple carbohydrates made of a few carbon molecules bound together (cartoon). These carbon bonds require little energy to break and digest, which is why they are considered a source of “fast energy”.Feeding Our Invisible FriendsWhy would human milk contain sugars that human infants can’t digest? It was a mystery for years. The answer came in 2008, the same year my first daughter was born, when the genome of Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis was sequenced. Now renamed B. infantis, this bacterial species had genes for breaking apart the complex carbohydrates that bound together HMOs [4, 6]. HMO’s nourish the microbial part of infant humans! Called the Milk-Oriented Microbiota (Mom) [7, 8], these bacteria dominate the gut microbiome of breast milk-fed infants. Formula-fed babies often lack these bacteria or the MOMs are in low abundance.HMO sugars are also very different from the carbohydrates found in the milk of other mammals. Pick your favorite mammal – dog, cat, mouse, gorilla, horse, cow, lemur, goat, elephants, humans, whatever, female mammals produce milk to nourish their infants. However, human milk as more of these complex sugars than other mammals. One hypothesis is that this is due to how much the brain needs to develop in that first year of life. HMOs are also diverse in structure and type. Some are only a few sugars linked together, while others have the sugars attached to proteins (“glycoproteins”) or fats (“glycolipids”) [9, 10]What Does B. infantis Need to Grow?Which of the many types of HMOs can B. infantis use for growth? B. infantis was known to grow on the HMOs that were free carbohydrates. But what about glycoproteins or glycolipids? What do these bacteria need? The sugars or the proteins and lipids the sugars are attached to? The Mills lab at the University of California at Davis leads the field of breastmilk-microbiome research. They found that the bacterium needs the sugars of the HMOs to grow, they cannot grow on the proteins found in breast milk [3]. To grow on the sugar portion of the glycoproteins, the sugars and proteins must be cut apart.How do these MOMs, these beneficial B. infantis bacteria, actually digest breast milk? What is the sword they use to cut apart the carbohydrates? The Mills’ lab found that a single enzyme at the bacterium’s cell wall – “endo B-N acetylglucosaminidase” (EndoBI-1) – removed the links between sugar and protein. EndoBI-1 freed the sugar for B. infantis to degrade further and grow [3]. Additionally, they tested the growth of Bifidobacteria which are not found in infant guts, such as B. animalis subsp. lactis. Only B. infantis could grow on the sugars released by EndoBI-1. Suggesting that the sugars released by EndoBI-1 from the HMO glycoproteins are what allow B. infantis to dominate the infant gut microbiome [3].Breast milk contains a higher diversity of sugars than formula. These different types of sugars feed different bacteria.Breast Milk Research Feeds Formula ImprovementsSo what does this mean for formula-fed babies? Can this breast milk research help develop better formulas? Yes, these glycoproteins are found in cow milk too, but at low abundance. Scientists and nutritionists are working to figure out ways to concentrate the glycoproteins from cow whey protein concentrate. If so, these cow milk sugars could be used in formula to serve as novel prebiotic substrates to selectively grow B. infantis at levels similar to that of breast milk fed babies.Basic research studies such as these are phenomenal. Not only do they help us unravel how our microbiomes and the human body interact, but the findings can be translated to help those babies that cannot be breast-fed for whatever reason. Although the lead author, Dr. David Mills, is always quick to say that “Breast milk is the only food perfectly evolved for human babies”.For additional information on the infant microbiome see this post and further detail in my Science and Sensibility guest post.REFERENCESSmilowitz JT, Lebrilla CB, Mills DA, German JB, Freeman SL: Breast Milk Oligosaccharides: Structure-Function Relationships in the Neonate. Annu Rev Nutr 2014, 34(1):143-169.Kunz C, Rudloff S, Baier W, Klein N, Strobel S: Oligosaccharides in Human Milk: Structural, Functional, and Metabolic Aspects. Annu Rev Nutr 2000, 20(1):699-722.Karav S, Le Parc A, Maria Leite Nobrega de Moura Bell J, Frese SA, Kirmiz N, Block DE, Barile D, Mills DA: Oligosaccharides released from milk glycoproteins are selective growth substrates for infant-associated bifidobacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol 2016.Sela DA, Chapman J, Adeuya A, Kim JH, Chen F, Whitehead TR, Lapidus A, Rokhsar DS, Lebrilla CB, German JB et al: The genome sequence of Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis reveals adaptations for milk utilization within the infant microbiome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 2008, 105(48):18964-18969.Wang M, Li M, Wu S, Lebrilla CB, Chapkin RS, Ivanov I, Donovan SM: Fecal microbiota composition of breast-fed infants is correlated with human milk oligosaccharides consumed. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2015, 60(6):825-833.Zivkovic AM, German JB, Lebrilla CB, Mills DA: Human milk glycobiome and its impact on the infant gastrointestinal microbiota. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 2011, 108(Supplement 1):4653-4658.Zivkovic AM, Lewis ZT, German JB, Mills DA: Establishment of a Milk-Oriented Microbiota (MOM) in Early Life: How Babies Meet Their Moms. Functional Food Reviews 2013, 5(1):3-12.Frese Steven A, Mills David A: Birth of the Infant Gut Microbiome: Moms Deliver Twice! Cell Host & Microbe 2015, 17(5):543-544.Bode L: Human milk oligosaccharides: prebiotics and beyond. Nutr Rev 2009, 67.Bode L, Jantscher-Krenn E: Structure-Function Relationships of Human Milk Oligosaccharides. Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal 2012, 3(3):383S-391S.

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