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Is global warming a hoax?
“It is imperative in science to doubt; it is absolutely necessary, for progress in science, to have uncertainty as a fundamental part of your inner nature. To make progress in understanding, we must remain modest and allow that we do not know.”RICHARD FEYNMANay.CLAIMING THE SCIENCE OF GLOBAL WARMING IS SETTLED IS A HOAXThe debate is not whether climate change is happening, but are humans the underlying cause. Since the Earth has clearly experienced large climatic fluctuations before we came along, it is reasonable to suspect that there are other factors at play.The claim by alarmists that we face an immediate climate crisis from human caused global warming from emissions of CO2 from fossil fuels is anything but modest and is everything about over confidence.The best introductory answer to this question comes from Nobel Laureate Dr. Ivar Giaever PhysicistPhysics Nobel Laureate; "Global Warming" is Pseudoscience1,710,019 viewsIn my opinion Dr Giaever presents a very cogent and compelling analysis more true every year as all the dire predictions of the alarmists fail.Giaever is not alone as many leading scientists have come to the same conclusion.Top scientist Claims: Global Warming Is A ScamGlobal warming is something you hear about constantly on the news. Some talk about how hot the days have been. Some talk about how natural disasters have risen in both number and intensity. Some talk about how the polar ice caps have been melting, and how the polar bears and penguins are dying. Every day on the news, someone brings this topic up.Forget everything you knew about climate change. When Hal Lewis, a top scientist and a large part of the American Physical Society, resigned in October of 2010 he addressed that global warming was a scam.Global Warming HoaxLewis claimed that it was by far the longest con in the scientific community. He said that the driving force for this propaganda was the money. Literally billions of dollars are going into global warming research each year, and as the problem continues to “exist, ” the money will continue to be dumped into the project.He claims that it wasn’t always like this and that the APS used to be a quieter, more valuable group. He even goes on to claim that no man can call himself a scientist and believe in the scam that is global warming. He chalked it up to a marketing stunt.There is no doubt that these scientists would not be getting this amount of money for other research. The reason the world is putting so much into this is because of the cost they think they will pay it they don’t. It is also clear that the media is making massive amounts of money off of this. Tragic stories always get more attention than happy ones.There certainly is a side of the story that does not quite add up to global warming. Many well-known and respected scientists have openly said the global warming is not real. Even Al-Gore’s presentation has been debunked.http://www.thegwpf.org/hal-lewis-my-resignation-from-the-american-physical-society/WHY DO MANY SCIENTISTS COUNTENANCE THE HOAX?Dr. Lewis gives a persuasive answer in his resignation letter.“I think it is the money, exactly what Eisenhower warned about a half-century ago. There are indeed trillions of dollars involved, to say nothing of the fame and glory (and frequent trips to exotic islands) that go with being a member of the club. Your own Physics Department (of which you are chairman) would lose millions a year if the global warming bubble burst. When Penn State absolved Mike Mann of wrongdoing, and the University of East Anglia did the same for Phil Jones, they cannot have been unaware of the financial penalty for doing otherwise. As the old saying goes, you don’t have to be a weatherman to know which way the wind is blowing. Since I am no philosopher, I’m not going to explore at just which point enlightened self-interest crosses the line into corruption, but a careful reading of the ClimateGate releases makes it clear that this is not an academic question.I want no part of it, so please accept my resignation. APS no longer represents me, but I hope we are still friends.”NO RISE IN TEMPERATURES PROVES CLIMATE UNCERTAINTY - NO CRISISMuch less than 1 degree C is temperatures for past century.Yes. Modern unprecedented rise in temperatures have not happened over the past 2000 years. The public have been fooled by the false hockey graphs of Michael Mann who just lost libel case in the BC Supreme Court.The data shows only a temperature rise of 0.68* C over the past 1000 years. Think about it not even 1 degree rise. Surely that is just a rounding error or at most natural variation?The Medieval warming higher than today and the cooling of the Little Ice Age befuddled the alarmist scientists so they erased the past.By Michael Mann erasing the Medieval Warming period and the Little Ice Age he flattening the alleged inconvenient past data preventing alarmists like Al Gore making the claim that today’s recovery from the Little Ice age was unprecedentedFinally the IPCC removed the fake data with the hockey stick graph in their 2001 Report.Dr. Tim Ball vanquished Michael Mann in the contest over climate history.This hockey graph before it was debunked deceived the public with Al Gore using it in his Nobel prize winning video “The inconvenient truth.”Many scientists oppose the action of Michael Mann erasing climate history to create a new theory. Dr. Tim Ball is one of the most vigorous. For his efforts Mann started a SLAP libel suit to shut down the criticism. Mann recently lost the suit in the Supreme Court of BC for inordinate delay. He also refused to abide by a consent order to divulge his original data.Read the Supreme Court judgment yourself and you will see behavior unworthy of scientists by this man.SEPTEMBER 17, 2019 BY ANDREW LAWTON“Like the sword of Damocles”: Judge dismisses Michael Mann’s lawsuit against Tim Ball“A mere eight-and-a-half years after Penn State climatologist Michael Mann filed a lawsuit against Canadian professor Tim Ball, the case has been tossed out for its “inexcusable” delays.Justice Christopher Giaschi of the Supreme Court of British Columbia issued his decision in Vancouver on Aug. 22, in response to an application to dismiss by Ball.Based on his reasons, included in full below, the dismissal was ultimately justified by glacial pace at which the proceedings moved, and what the judge characterized as an absence of action by Mann’s team.The judge noted several periods of inaction between the commencement of the action in March, 2011 and the date of his decision.While Mann submitted four binders worth of documentation to combat the motion to dismiss, the judge found there was “no evidence from the plaintiff (Mann) explaining the delay.”Giaschi said the “inordinate delay” was not excusable, and that it prejudiced justice.An excerpt:The evidence is that the defendant intended to call three witnesses at trial who would have provided evidence going to fair comment and malice. Those witnesses have now died. A fourth witness is no longer able to travel. Thus, in addition to finding that presumption of prejudice has not been rebutted, I also find that there has been actual prejudice to the defendant as a consequence of the delay.Turning to the final factor, I have little hesitation in finding that, on balance, justice requires the action be dismissed. The parties are both in their eighties and Dr. Ball is in poor health. He has had this action hanging over his head like the sword of Damocles for eight years and he will need to wait until January 2021 before the matter proceeds to trial. That is a ten year delay from the original alleged defamatory statement. Other witnesses are also elderly or in poor health. The memories of all parties and witnesses will have faded by the time the matter goes to trial.I find that, because of the delay, it will be difficult, if not impossible, for there to be a fair trial for the defendant.The judge awarded Ball legal costs for the dismissal motion, and also the case itself.Mann v. Ball Page 4 I now turn to whether the delay is excusable. In my view, it is not. There is no evidence from the plaintiff explaining the delay. Dr. Mann filed an affidavit but he provides no evidence whatsoever addressing the delay. Importantly, he does not provide any evidence saying that the delay was due to his counsel, nor does he provide evidence that he instructed his counsel to proceed diligently with the matter.He simply does not address delay at all. Counsel for Dr. Mann submits that the delay was due to his being busy onother matters, but the affidavit evidence falls far short of establishing this. The affidavit of Jocelyn Molnar, filed April 10, 2019, simply addresses what matters plaintiff's counsel was involved in at various times. The affidavit does not connect those other matters to the delay here. It does not explain the lengthy delay in 2013and 2014 and does not adequately explain the delay from July 2017. The evidence falls far short of establishing an excuse for the delay. Even if I was satisfied that the evidence established the delay was solely due to plaintiff's counsel being busy with other matters, which I am not, I do not agree that this would be an adequate excuse. Counsel for the plaintiff was unable to provide any authority establishing that counsel's busy schedule is a valid excuse for delay. In contrast, the defendant refers me toHughes v. Simpson-Sears,  52D.L.R. (4th) 553, where Justice Twaddle, writing on behalf of the Manitoba Court of Appeal, stated at p. 13 that:...Freedman, J.A. said that the overriding principle in cases of this kind is “essential justice.”There is no doubt that that is so, but it must mean justice to both parties, not just to one of http://them.In Law Society of Manitoba v. Eadie (judgment delivered on June 27, 1988), Is stated my preference for a one-step application of the fundamental principleon which motions of this kind should be decided. The fundamental principle is that a plaintiff should not be deprived of his right to have his case decided on its merits unless he is responsible for undue delay which has prejudiced the other party. A plaintiff is responsible for delays occasioned by his solicitors. I have already dealt with the consequence of the solicitors' conduct being negligent. Once it is established that the delay is unreasonable having regard to the subject matter of the action, the complexity of the issues, and the explanation for it, the other matter to be considered is the prejudice to the defendant. It is in the task of balancing the plaintiff's right to proceed with the trial.”“IN THE SUPREME COURT OF BRITISH COLUMBIACitation: Mann v. Ball,2019 BCSC 1580Date: 20190822Before: The Honourable Mr. Justice GiaschiOral Reasons for JudgmentBall:M. ScherrD. Juteau Place and Date of Hearing: Vancouver, B.C.May 27 and August 22, 2019Place and Date of Judgment: Vancouver, B.C. August 22, 201 THE COURT: I will render my reasons on the application to dismiss. I reserve the right to amend these reasons for clarity and grammar, but the result will not change. The defendant brings an application for an order dismissing the action for delay. The plaintiff, Dr. Mann, and the defendant, Dr. Ball, have dramatically different opinions on climate change. I do not intend to address those differences. It is sufficient that one believes climate change is man-made and the other does not. As a result of the different opinions held, the two have been in near constant conflict for many years. The underlying action concerns, first, a statement made by the defendant in an interview conducted on February 9, 2011. He said, “Michael Mann at Penn State should be in the state pen, not Penn State.” This statement was published on a website and is alleged to be defamatory of the plaintiff. The notice of civil claim also alleges multiple other statements published by Mr. Ball are defamatory. It is not necessary that I address the many alleged defamatory statements. 0690860 Manitoba Ltd. v. Country West Construction, 2009 BCCA 535, at paras. 27-28, sets out the four elements that need to be considered on a motion to dismiss. They are:a) Has there been inordinate delay in the prosecution of the matter?;b) If there has been inordinate delay, is it excusable in the circumstances?;c) Has the delay caused serious prejudice and, if so, does it create a substantial risk that a fair trial is not possible?; andd) Whether, on balance, justice requires that the action be dismissed. I turn first to whether there has been inordinate delay. Some key dates in the litigation are:a) March 25, 2011, the action was commenced;b) July 7, 2011, the notice of civil claim was amended;c) June 5, 2012, the notice of civil claim was further amended;d) From approximately June of 2013 until November of 2014, there were no steps taken in the action;e) November 12, 2014, the plaintiff filed a notice of intention to proceed;f) February 20, 2017, the matter was initially supposed to go to trial, but that trial date was adjourned;g) July 20, 2017, the date of the last communication received from Mr. Mann or his counsel by the defendant. No steps were taken in the matter until March 21, 2019 when the application to dismiss was filed;h) April 10, 2019, a second notice of intention to proceed was filed; andi) August 9, 2019, after the first day of the hearing of this application, a new trial date was set for January 11, 2021. There have been at least two extensive periods of delay. Commencing in approximately June 2013, there was a delay of approximately 15 months where nothing was done to move the matter ahead. There was a second extensive period of delay from July 20, 2017 until the filing of the application to dismiss on March 21, 2019, a delay of 20 months. Again, nothing was done during this period to move the matter ahead. The total time elapsed, from the filing of the notice of civil claim until the application to dismiss was filed, was eight years. It will be almost ten years by the time the matter goes to trial. There have been two periods, of approximately 35 months in total, where nothing was done. In my view, by any measure, this is an inordinate delay. I now turn to whether the delay is excusable. In my view, it is not. There is no evidence from the plaintiff explaining the delay. Dr. Mann filed an affidavit but he provides no evidence whatsoever addressing the delay. Importantly, he does not provide any evidence saying that the delay was due to his counsel, nor does he provide evidence that he instructed his counsel to proceed diligently with the matter. He simply does not address delay at all. Counsel for Dr. Mann submits that the delay was due to his being busy on other matters, but the affidavit evidence falls far short of establishing this. The affidavit of Jocelyn Molnar, filed April 10, 2019, simply addresses what matters plaintiff's counsel was involved in at various times. The affidavit does not connect those other matters to the delay here. It does not explain the lengthy delay in 2013 and 2014 and does not adequately explain the delay from July 2017. The evidence falls far short of establishing an excuse for the delay. Even if I was satisfied that the evidence established the delay was solely due to plaintiff's counsel being busy with other matters, which I am not, I do not agree that this would be an adequate excuse. Counsel for the plaintiff was unable to provide any authority establishing that counsel's busy schedule is a valid excuse for delay. In contrast, the defendant refers me to Hughes v. Simpson Sears,  52 D.L.R. (4th) 553, where Justice Twaddle, writing on behalf of the Manitoba Court of Appeal, stated at p. 13 that:...Freedman, J.A. said that the overriding principle in cases of this kind is “essential justice”. There is no doubt that that is so, but it must mean justice to both parties, not just to one of them.In Law Society of Manitoba v. Eadie (judgment delivered on June 27, 1988), I stated my preference for a one-step application of the fundamental principle on which motions of this kind should be decided. The fundamental principle is that a plaintiff should not be deprived of his right to have his case decided on its merits unless he is responsible for undue delay which has prejudiced the other party. A plaintiff is responsible for delays occasioned by his solicitors. I have already dealt with the consequence of the solicitors' conduct being negligent. Once it is established that the delay is unreasonable having regard to the subject matter of the action, the complexity of the issues, and the explanation for it, the other matter to be considered is the prejudice to the defendant. It is in the task of balancing the plaintiff's right to proceed with the defendant's right not to be prejudiced by unreasonable delay that justice must be done.[Emphasis added] Additionally, based upon the evidence filed, the plaintiff and his counsel appear to have attended to other matters, both legal matters and professional matters in the case of the plaintiff, rather than give this matter any priority. The plaintiff appears to have been content to simply let this matter languish. Accordingly, I find that the delay is inexcusable. With respect to prejudice, such prejudice is presumed unless the prejudice is rebutted. Indeed, the presumption of prejudice is given even more weight in defamation cases: Samson v. Scaletta, 2016 BCSC 2598, at paras 40-43. The plaintiff has not filed any evidence rebutting the presumption of prejudice. Moreover, the defendant has led actual evidence of actual prejudice. The evidence is that the defendant intended to call three witnesses at trial who would have provided evidence going to fair comment and malice. Those witnesses have now died. A fourth witness is no longer able to travel. Thus, in addition to finding that presumption of prejudice has not been rebutted, I also find that there has been actual prejudice to the defendant as a consequence of the delay. Turning to the final factor, I have little hesitation in finding that, on balance, justice requires the action be dismissed. The parties are both in their eighties and Dr. Ball is in poor health. He has had this action hanging over his head like the sword of Damocles for eight years and he will need to wait until January 2021 before the matter proceeds to trial. That is a ten year delay from the original alleged defamatory statement. Other witnesses are also elderly or in poor health. The memories of all parties and witnesses will have faded by the time the matter goes to trial. I find that, because of the delay, it will be difficult, if not impossible, for there to be a fair trial for the defendant. This is a relatively straightforward defamation action and should have been resolved long before now. That it has not been resolved is because the plaintiff has not given it the priority that he should have. In the circumstances, justice requires that the action be dismissed and, accordingly, I do hereby dismiss the action for delay. Before concluding, I wish to note that the materials that have been filed on this application are grossly excessive in relation to the matters in issue. There are four large binders of materials filed by the plaintiff on the application to dismiss, plus one additional binder from the defendant. The binders contain multiple serial affidavits, many of which are replete with completely irrelevant evidence. In my view, this application could have been done and should have been done with one or two affidavits outlining the delay, the reasons for the delay, and the prejudice. Those are my reasons, counsel. Costs? MR. SCHERR: I would, of course, ask for costs for the defendant, given the dismissal of the action. MR. MCCONCHIE: Costs follow the event. I have no quarrel with that. THE COURT: All right. I agree. The costs will follow the event, so the defendant will have his costs of the application and also the costs of the action, since the action is dismissed.I submit that the pseudo-science of global warming is revealed by this simple but false alarmist view -“What is so hard to understand about “CO2 holds in heat. We’re adding more CO2. More heat gets held in.”Why is this simple view of global warming from our Co2 emissions wrong?There is a famous quotation relevant here that “for every difficult problem there is a simple answer and it is wrong!”The Great Global Warming Swindle - Full Documentary HD1,013,136 views•19 Aug 2018The Great Global Warming Swindle caused controversy in the UK when it premiered March 8, 2007 on British Channel 4. A documentary, by British television producer Martin Durkin, which argues against the virtually unchallenged consensus that global warming is man-made. A statement fromDistinguished Princeton Physicist Likens Climate Movement To “Madness”…A “Bizarre Environmental Cult”By P Gosselin on8. December 2019At COP 25 in Madrid, Princeton physicist and former President Trump advisor Prof. em. William Happer spoke on the “false pretenses of a climate emergency” and called the climate protection movement a “bizarre environmental cult”, “absurd” and “madness”.CO2 Coalition@CO2CoalitionPrinceton University, Professor Emeritus, Dr. Will Happer Discusses the False Pretenses of a "#ClimateEmergency"https://youtu.be/j8KxVQFoyT0 #ClimateBrawlYouTube @YouTube122Princeton University, Professor Emeritus, Dr. Will Happer Discusses the False Pretenses of a "#ClimateEmergency"https://t.co/Xl1kn0wWcG#ClimateBrawl— CO2 Coalition (@CO2Coalition) December 6, 2019The distinguished professor said, “It’s too bad we are here on false pretenses, wasting our time talking about a non-existent climate emergency.”“Bizarre environmental cult”Some 25,000 delegates have flown into Madrid to express their panic over a perceived climate emergency and to pressure governments to take radical actions to profoundly alter human behavior.Happer added: “I hope sooner or later enough people will recognize the phoniness of this bizarre environmental cult and bring it to an end.”In his talk, Happer warned leading politicians against viewing combatting CO2 as a religion, and cautioned it could end up badly when millions of people become obsessed with a single delusion and become stark-raving mad at climate. He said there’s been “so much brainwashing that it’s going to be difficult to bring people back to reality.”The distinguished Princeton professor said the focus needs to be on pollution, and not CO2, and that solar energy and wind energy blight the environment and don’t work very well.Only very little impact on climateOn the physics of CO2 trapping heat, Happer presents a CO2 chart and suggests that doubling the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere will have very little impact on climate and that he “can guarantee that no one who knows anything about science can dispute this curve. That’s the truth.”“Absolute madness”Taking action based on the curves that show CO2 has little effect, Happer says this is “absolute madness.”The Princeton physicist also believes the climate models greatly exaggerate the warming and that the trace gas is in fact beneficial to the planet. Today atmospheric concentrations are extremely low compared to previous geological times:The extra CO2 recently added into the atmosphere has in fact led to a greening of the planet, Happer shows.“Phony consensus”Next Happer called the often claimed 97% consensus among scientists “phony” and that science is determined by observation, “not votes”. “Scientific consensus is often wrong,” Happer showed.Happer summarized that CO2’s impact has been exaggerated “by a factor of 2 to 4”, and that overall a little extra CO2 in the atmosphere is beneficial to vegetation and agriculture.The whole CO2/climate worry “is absolutely absurd. It’s a cult,” Happer concludes.Follow CO2 Coalition at Twitter.Research debunks this simple view because Co2 has no greenhouse effect.“17 New Scientific Papers Dispute CO2 [photos and graphs added by me.]Greenhouse Effect As PrimaryExplanation For Climate ChangeBy Kenneth Richard on 8. June 2017“[T]he absorption of incident solar-light by the atmosphere as well as its absorption capability of thermal radiation, cannot be influenced by human acts.” – Allmendinger, 2017“[G]lobal warming can be explained without recourse to the greenhouse theory. The varying solar irradiation constitutes the sole input driving the changes in the system’s energy transfers.” – Blaauw, 2017 “The down-welling LW radiation is not a global driver of surface warming as hypothesized for over 100 years but a product of the near-surface air temperature controlled by solar heating and atmospheric pressure.” Nikolov and Zeller, 2017Allmendinger, 2017The Refutation of the Climate Greenhouse Theory“The cardinal error in the usual greenhouse theory consists in the assumption that photometric or spectroscopic IR-measurements allow conclusions about the thermal behaviour of gases, i.e., of the atmosphere. They trace back to John Tyndall who developed such a photometric method already in the 19th century. However, direct thermal measurement methods have never been applied so far. Apart from this, at least twenty crucial errors are revealed which suggest abandoning the theory as a whole. In spite of its obvious deficiencies, this theory has so far been an obstacle to take promising precautions for mitigating the climate change. They would consist in a general brightening of the Earth surface, and in additional measures being related to this. However, the novel effects which were found by the author, particularly the absorption of incident solar-light by the atmosphere as well as its absorption capability of thermal radiation, cannot be influenced by human acts.”Blaauw, 2017“This paper demonstrates that global warming can be explained without recourse to the greenhouse theory. This explanation is based on a simple model of the Earth’s climate system consisting of three layers: the surface, a lower and an upper atmospheric layer. The distinction between the atmospheric layers rests on the assumption that the latent heat from the surface is set free in the lower atmospheric layer only. The varying solar irradiation constitutes the sole input driving the changes in the system’s energy transfers. All variations in the energy exchanges can be expressed in terms of the temperature variations of the layers by means of an energy transfer matrix. It turns out that the latent heat transfer as a function of the temperatures of the surface and the lower layer makes this matrix next to singular. The near singularity reveals a considerable negative feedback in the model which can be identified as the ‘Klimaversta¨rker’ presumed by Vahrenholt and Lu¨ning. By a suitable, yet realistic choice of the parameters appearing in the energy transfer matrix and of the effective heat capacities of the layers, the model reproduces the global warming: the calculated trend in the surface temperature agrees well with the observational data from AD 1750 up to AD 2000.”Nikolov and Zeller, 2017“Our analysis revealed that GMATs [global mean annual temperatures] of rocky planets with tangible atmospheres and a negligible geothermal surface heating can accurately be predicted over a broad range of conditions using only two forcing variables: top-of-the-atmosphere solar irradiance and total surface atmospheric pressure. The hereto discovered interplanetary pressure-temperature relationship is shown to be statistically robust while describing a smooth physical continuum without climatic tipping points. This continuum fully explains the recently discovered 90 K thermal effect of Earth’s atmosphere. The new model displays characteristics of an emergent macro-level thermodynamic relationship heretofore unbeknown to science that has important theoretical implications. A key entailment from the model is that the atmospheric ‘greenhouse effect’ currently viewed as a radiative phenomenon is in fact an adiabatic (pressure-induced) thermal enhancement analogous to compression heating and independent of atmospheric composition. Consequently, the global down-welling long-wave flux presently assumed to drive Earth’s surface warming appears to be a product of the air temperature set by solar heating and atmospheric pressure. In other words, the so-called ‘greenhouse back radiation’ is globally a result of the atmospheric thermal effect rather than a cause for it. … The down-welling LW radiation is not a global driver of surface warming as hypothesized for over 100 years but a product of the near-surface air temperature controlled by solar heating and atmospheric pressure … The hypothesis that a freely convective atmosphere could retain (trap) radiant heat due its opacity has remained undisputed since its introduction in the early 1800s even though it was based on a theoretical conjecture that has never been proven experimentally.”Mt. Kilimanjaro located at Equator (~3.1° S) is a GREAT EXAMPLE of the atmospheric pressure effect on ground temperature: As air pressure decreases from 92 kPa at the foothills of Kilimanjaro to 47.8 kPa at its Summit, the mean annual surface temperature drops from 23° C to -6° CMount Kiliminjaro freezing temperatures on top 80* C below.Huang et al., 2017“Various scientific studies have investigated the causal link between solar activity (SS) and the earth’s temperature (GT). [T]he corresponding CCM [Convergent Cross Mapping] results indicate increasing significance of causal effect from SS [solar activity] to GT [global temperature] since 1880 to recent years, which provide solid evidences that may contribute on explaining the escalating global tendency of warming up recent decades. … The connection between solar activity and global warming has been well established in the scientific literature. For example, see references [1–10]. … Among which, the SSA [Singular Spectrum Analysis] trend extraction is identified as the most reliable method for data preprocessing, while CCM [Convergent Cross Mapping] shows outstanding performance among all causality tests adopted. The emerging causal effects from SS [solar activity] to GT [global temperatures], especially for recent decades, are overwhelmingly proved, which reflects the better understanding of the tendency of global warming.”Viterito, 2017“The Correlation of Seismic Activity and Recent Global Warming (CSARGW) demonstrated that increasing seismic activity in the globe’s high geothermal flux areas (HGFA) is strongly correlated with global temperatures (r=0.785) from 1979-2015. The mechanism driving this correlation is amply documented and well understood by oceanographers and seismologists. Namely, increased seismic activity in the HGFA (i.e., the mid-ocean’s spreading zones) serves as a proxy indicator of higher geothermal flux in these regions. The HGFA include the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, the EastPacific Rise, the West Chile Rise, the Ridges of theIndian Ocean, and the Ridges of theAntarctic/Southern Ocean. This additional midocean heating causes an acceleration of oceanic overturning and thermobaric convection, resulting in higher ocean temperatures and greater heat transport into the Arctic. This manifests itself as an anomaly known as the “Arctic Amplification,” where the Arctic warms to a much greater degree than the rest of the globe. Applying the same methodology employed in CSARGW, an updated analysis through 2016 adds new knowledge of this important relationship while strengthening support for that study’s conclusions. The correlation between HGFA seismic frequency and global temperatures moved higher with the addition of the 2016 data: the revised correlation now reads 0.814, up from 0.785 for the analysis through 2015. This yields a coefficient of determination of .662, indicating that HGFA [high geothermal flux area] seismicity accounts for roughly two-thirds of the variation in global temperatures since 1979.”Hertzberg et al., 2017“This study examines the concept of ‘greenhouse gases’ and various definitions of the phenomenon known as the ‘Atmospheric Radiative GreenhouseEffect’. The six most quoted descriptions are as follows: (a) radiation trapped between the Earth’s surface and its atmosphere; (b) the insulating blanket of the atmosphere that keeps the Earth warm; (c) back radiation from the atmosphere to the Earth’s surface; (d) Infra Red absorbing gases that hinder radiative cooling and keep the surface warmer than it would otherwise be – known as ‘otherwise radiation’; (e) differences between actual surface temperatures of the Earth (as also observed on Venus) and those based on calculations; (f) any gas that absorbs infrared radiation emitted from the Earth’s surface towards free space. It is shown that none of the above descriptions can withstand the rigours of scientific scrutiny when the fundamental laws of physics andthermodynamics are applied to them.”GREENHOUSE IS FAKE METAPHOR WITH BAD SCIENCESong, Wang & Tang, 2016A Hiatus of the Greenhouse Effect“In the last subperiod [2003-2014], the global averaged SULR [surface upwelling longwave radiation/greenhouse effect] anomaly remains trendless (0.02 W m−2 yr−1) because Ts [global temperatures] stop rising. Meanwhile, the long-term change of the global averaged OLR anomaly (−0.01 W m−2 yr−1) is also not statistically significant. Thus, these two phenomena result in a trendless Gaa [atmospheric greenhouse effect]. … [A]remarkably decreasing Gaa trend (−0.27 W m−2 yr−1) exists over the central tropical Pacific, indicating a weakened atmospheric greenhouse effect in this area, which largely offsets the warming effect in the aforementioned surrounding regions. As a result, a trendless global averaged Gaa [atmospheric greenhouse effect] is displayed between 1991 and 2002 (Fig. 2). … Again, no significant trend of the global averaged Gaa [atmospheric greenhouse effect] is found from 2003 to 2014 (Fig. 2) because the enhanced warming effect over the western tropical Pacific is largely counteracted by the weakened warming influence on the central tropical Pacific.”Manheimer, 2016“[T]he actual data show that up to now fears of imminent climate catastrophe are not supported by data, or else involve processes occurring since long before excess CO2 in the atmosphere became a concern. Based on actual measurements and reasonable extrapolation of them, there is no reason why the responsible use of fossil fuel cannot continue to support worldwide civilisation. Theargument to greatly restrict fossil fuel rests entirely on the theoretical assertion that at some point in the near future there will be a sudden and dramatic change in the very nature of the data presented here. If implemented, these would be sufficient to greatly upset the lifestyle of billions of people, and to further impoverish the already most impoverished parts of the world. … [N]othing in the past suggests that future climate will be significantly different before mid century because of rising levels of CO2.”Hertzberg and Schreuder, 2016“The authors evaluate the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) consensus that the increase of carbon dioxide in the Earth’s atmosphere is of anthropogenic origin and is causing dangerous global warming, climate change and climate disruption. The totality of the data available on which that theory is based is evaluated. The data include: (a) Vostok ice-coremeasurements; (b) accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere;(c) studies of temperature changes that precedeCO2 changes; (d) global temperature trends; (e) current ratio of carbon isotopes in the atmosphere; (f) satellite data for the geographic distribution of atmospheric CO2; (g) effect of solar activity on cosmic rays and cloud cover. Nothing in the data supports the supposition that atmospheric CO2 is a driver of weather or climate, or that human emissions control atmospheric CO2.”Mikhailovich et al., 2016About the Influence of the Giant Planets onLong-Term Evolution of Global Temperature“The observed variability of global temperature is usually explained through the decrease in the coefficient of the grayness of the Earth caused by increased content of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, such as CO2, i.e. by the anthropogenically caused increase in the greenhouse effect. The validity of such views raises some doubts, as their validity is based either on the results of the climate simulation, or on the results of the regression analysis, in relation to which the fullness of the used set of regression does not seem certain. At the same time, just the results of climate modeling do not seem to be quite reliable … The effects associated with the displacement of the center of gravity of the solar system under the influence of giant planets (Jupiter and Saturn) are discussed. Based on the hypothesis of parametric resonance in the variation of global temperature with disturbances in the photosphere shape and the Earth-to-Sun distance due to the oppositions of said planets, a regression model that explains the observed long-term evolution of global temperature is built. It was shown that residuals of the model are close to white noise, i.e. the [influence of planets] hypothesis almost entirely explains the effect of temperature increase for the period presented inthe vernacular crutem3 database [1850-present].”Vares et al., 2016… Earth’s Magnetic Dipole Intensity … GeomagneticActivity … Causal Source for Global Warming“Quantitative analyses of actual measurements rather than modeling have shown that “global warming” has been heterogeneous over the surface of the planet and temporally non-linear. Residual regression analyses by Soares (2010) indicated increments of increased temperature precede increments of CO2 increase. The remarkably strong negative correlation (r = -0.99) between the earth’s magnetic dipole moment values and global CO2-temperature indicators over the last ~30 years is sufficient to be considered causal if contributing energies were within the same order of magnitude. Quantitative convergence between the energies lost by the diminishing averaged geomagnetic field strength and energies gained within the ocean-atmosphere interface satisfy the measured values for increased global temperature and CO2 release from sea water. The pivotal variable is the optimal temporal unit employed to estimate the total energies available for physical-chemical reactions. The positive drift in averaged amplitude of geomagnetic activity over the last 100 years augmented this process.Contributions from annual CO2 from volcanism and shifts in averaged geomagnetic activity, lagged years before the measured global temperature-CO2 values, are moderating variables for smaller amplitude perturbations. These results indicated that the increase in CO2 and global temperatures are primarily caused by major geophysical factors, particularly the diminishing total geomagnetic field strength and increased geomagnetic activity, but not by human activities. Strategies for adapting to climate change because of these powerful variables may differ from those that assume exclusive anthropomorphic causes.”Easterbrook, 2016“CO2 makes up only a tiny portion of the atmosphere(0.040%) and constitutes only 3.6% of the greenhouse effect. The atmospheric content of CO2 has increased only 0.008% since emissions began to soar after 1945. Such a tiny increment of increase in CO2 cannot cause the 10°F increase in temperature predicted by CO2 advocates. Computer climate modelers build into their models a high water vapor component, which they claim is due to increasedatmospheric water vapor caused by very small warming from CO2, and since water vapor makes up 90–95% of the greenhouse effect, they claim the result will be warming. The problem is that atmospheric water vapor has actually declined since 1948, not increased as demanded by climate models. If CO2 causes global warming, then CO2 should always precede warming when the Earth’s climate warms up after an ice age. However, in all cases, CO2 lags warming by ∼800 years. Shorter time spans show the same thing— warming always precedes an increase in CO2 and therefore it cannot be the cause of the warming.”Chemke et al., 2016The Thermodynamic Effect of AtmosphericMass on Early Earth’s TemperatureObservations suggest that Earth’s early atmospheric mass differed from the present day. The effects of a different atmospheric mass on radiative forcing have been investigated in climate models of variable sophistication, but a mechanistic understanding of the thermodynamic component of the effect of atmospheric mass on early climate is missing. Using a 3D idealized global circulation model (GCM), we systematically examine the thermodynamic effect of atmospheric mass on nearsurface temperature. We find that higher atmospheric mass tends to increase the nearsurface temperature mostly due an increase in the heat capacity of the atmosphere, which decreases the net radiative cooling effect in the lower layers of the atmosphere. Additionally, the vertical advection of heat by eddies decreases with increasing atmospheric mass, resulting in further near-surface warming. As both net radiative cooling and vertical eddy heat fluxes are extratropical phenomena, higher atmospheric mass tends to flatten the meridional temperature gradient. An increase in atmospheric mass causes an increase in near-surface temperatures and a decrease of the equator-pole near-surface temperature gradient. Warming is caused mostly by the increase in atmospheric heat capacity, which decrease the net radiative cooling of the atmosphere.[No mention of CO2 as a factor in warming the EarthAtmosphere system]Haine, 2016“Notably, the three studies [Jackson et al.,2016; Böning et al., 2016; Robson et al., 2016] report an absence of anthropogenic effects on the AMOC, at least so far: the directly observed AMOC weakening since 2004 is not consistent with the hypothesis that anthropogenic aerosols have affected North Atlantic ocean temperatures. The midlatitude North Atlantic temperature changes since 2005 have greater magnitude and opposite sign (cooling) than those attributed to ocean uptake of anthropogenic heat. The anthropogenic melt from the Greenland ice sheet is still too small to be detected.. And despite large changes in the freshwater budget of the Arctic, some of which are anthropogenic, there is no clear change in the delivery of Arctic freshwater to the North Atlantic due to human climate forcing.”Ellis and Palmer, 2016Conclusion: “[I]nterglacial warming is eccentricity and polar ice regrowth regulated, Great Summer forced, and dust-ice albedo amplified. And the greenhouse-gas attributes of CO2 play little or no part in this complex feedback system.”Evans, 2016“The conventional basic climate model applies“basic physics” to climate, estimating sensitivity toCO2. However, it has two serious architectural errors. It only allows feedbacks in response to surface warming, so it omits the driver-specific feedbacks. It treats extra-absorbed sunlight, which heats the surface and increases outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR), the same as extra CO2, which reduces OLR from carbon dioxide in the upper atmosphere but does not increase the total OLR. The rerouting feedback is proposed. An increasingCO2 concentration warms the upper troposphere, heating the water vapor emissions layer and some cloud tops, which emit more OLR and descend to lower and warmer altitudes. This feedback resolves the nonobservation of the “hotspot.” An alternative model is developed, whose architecture fixes the errors. By summing the (surface) warmings due to climate drivers, rather than their forcings, it allows driver-specific forcings and allows a separate CO2 response (the conventional model applies the same response, the solar response, to all forcings). It also applies a radiation balance, estimating OLR from properties of the emission layers. Fitting the climate data to the alternative model, we find that the equilibrium climate sensitivity is most likely less than 0.5°C, increasing CO2 most likely caused less than 20% of the global warming from the 1970s, and the CO2 response is less than one-third as strong as the solar response. The conventional model overestimates the potency of CO2 because it applies the strong solar response instead of theweak CO2 response to the CO2 forcing.”Gervais, 2016Anthropogenic CO2 Warming Challenged By 60year CycleConclusion: “Dangerous anthropogenic warming is questioned (i) upon recognition of the large amplitude of the natural 60–year cyclic component and (ii) upon revision downwards of the transient climate response consistent with latest tendencies shown in Fig. 1, here found to be at most 0.6 °C once the natural component has been removed, consistent with latest infrared studies (Harde, 2014).Anthropogenic warming well below the potentially dangerous range were reported in older and recent studies (Idso, 1998; Miskolczi, 2007; Paltridge et al.,2009; Gerlich and Tscheuschner, 2009; Lindzen andChoi, 2009, 2011; Spencer and Braswell, 2010;Clark, 2010; Kramm and Dlugi, 2011; Lewis and Curry, 2014; Skeie et al., 2014; Lewis, 2015; Volokin and ReLlez, 2015). On inspection of a risk of anthropogenic warming thus toned down, a change of paradigm which highlights a benefit for mankind related to the increase of plant feeding and crops yields by enhanced CO2 photosynthesis is suggested.”Manheimer, 2016“[T]he actual data show that up to now fears of imminent climate catastrophe are not supported by data, or else involve processes occurring since long before excess CO2 in the atmosphere became a concern. Based on actual measurements and reasonable extrapolation of them, there is no reason why the responsible use of fossil fuel cannot continue to support worldwide civilisation. Theargument to greatly restrict fossil fuel rests entirely on the theoretical assertion that at some point in the near future there will be a sudden and dramatic change in the very nature of the data presented here. If implemented, these would be sufficient to greatly upset the lifestyle of billions of people, and to further impoverish the already most impoverished parts of the world. … [N]othing in the past suggests that future climate will be significantly different before mid century because of rising levels of CO2.”http://notrickszone.com/2017/06/08/17-new-scientific-papers-dispute-co2greenhouse-effect-as-primary-explanation-for-climate-change/YES. Human caused global warming is pseudoscience because no evidence that fossil fuel emissions of trace amounts of Co2 plant food have any noticeable climate effect.Arrhenius experiments on Co2 refuted by 1909 by American scientist R J Wood because Arrhenius erred about the role of water vapour.Old Savant Arrhenius in the 1800 mistook water vapour for Co2 and thought the earth was a closed atmosphere like his glass cylinder.The Green House Gases theory invalidated by its history.“That theory, which underpins the anthropogenic global-warming hypothesis and the climate models used by the United Nations, was first proposed and developed in the 19th century.However, the experiments on which it was based involved glass boxes that retain heat by preventing the mixing of air inside the box with air outside the box.The experiment is not analogous to what occurs in the real atmosphere, which does not have walls or a lid, according to Nikolov and Zeller.”Read more at http://www.wnd.com/2017/07/study-blows-greenhouse-theory-out-of-the-water/#wpEYBSSo7h7aYQpp.99No observational study to validate his greenhouse theory only ‘thought experiments’ contrary to the Second Law of Thermodynamics.Record early winters and late spring and extraordinary snowfall and rain is causing flooding reminiscent of the Little Ice Age flooding.Record-Breaking Storm Dumps Four Feet of Snow on Parts of MontanaThe September storm broke snowfall and temperature records across several statesSmithsonian.com | Smithsonian Magazine | SmithsonianOCTOBER 1, 2019731305272In most of the United States, people are just starting to dig through their sheds to find their leaf rakes. But in many parts of Montana, people had to skip over the rakes and go straight for their snow shovels. Over the weekend, the northern Rockies experienced a massive late September snowstorm that dropped a whopping four feet of snow in some places.A band of wet, heavy snow stretching from eastern Washington state to central Montana and south to Wyoming fell between September 27 and September 29, according to Weather.com.Co2 is only a trace gas physically too minute to have any effect on atmospheric temperature.Co2 in the past is only correlated with temperature after the fact and cannot therefore cause any climate effect.In any event the greenhouse gas theory is wrong and a delusion as it contradicts basic laws of physics and ignores the primary role of solar cycles in climate.Earth is currently in the Quaternary glaciation, known in popular terminology as the Ice Age.Individual pulses of cold climate are termed "glacial periods" (or, alternatively, "glacials", "glaciations", "glacial stages", "stadials", "stades",or colloquially, "ice ages"), and intermittent warm periods are called "interglacials" or "interstadials" with both climatic pulses part of the Quaternary or other periods in Earth's history.In the terminology of glaciology, ice age implies the presence of extensive ice sheets in both northern and southern hemispheres.NASA Goddard Institute finds warming of 0.8* Celsius (1.4* Fahrenheit) since 1880. This means an average of only 0.0175 degree Celsius temperature increase annually. This minute amount is within the statistical error of data or natural variability of climate.The scientific method is driven by a process of hypothesis experiment and revision not organization’s executive consensus to placate government funding. The alarmist’s predictions all fail, including the end of snow, dramatic sea rise, unusual glacier melting, Pacific island sinking and polar bears extinction have all been false. This means the global warming hypothesis fails and is false.Patrick Moore@EcoSenseNow·The climate changes that have happened during this 10K yr Holocene Interglacial are a nothing-burger compared to the glaciation cycle Earth has been going through for 2.6M yrs. This is the Pleistocene Ice Age & Earth is coldest in 260M yrs since the Karoo.https://t.co/OVRC4sV0dE https://t.co/qXGG4N4mPD pic.twitter.com/XazQVPzd3G— Patrick Moore (@EcoSenseNow) March 14, 2020The climate changes that have happened during this 10K yr Holocene Interglacial are a nothing-burger compared to the glaciation cycle Earth has been going through for 2.6M yrs. This is the Pleistocene Ice Age & Earth is coldest in 260M yrs since the Karoo. https://geology.utah.gov/map-pub/survey-notes/glad-you-asked/ice-ages-what-are-they-and-what-causes-them/…During our Quaternary Ice age for the past 2.5 million yrs there is no evidence of correlation between CO2 and temperature. While correlation alone is not causation without any correlation this fully debunks causation.Do ice ages come and go slowly or rapidly?Simplified chart showing when the five major ice ages occurred in the past 2.4 billion years of Earth’s history. Modified from several sources including Dynamical Paleoclimatology: Generalized Theory of Global Climate Change, 2002, by Barry Saltzman.Records show that ice ages typically develop slowly, whereas they end more abruptly. Glacials and interglacials within an ice age display this same trend.On a shorter time scale, global temperatures fluctuate often and rapidly. Various records reveal numerous large, widespread, abrupt climate changes over the past 100,000 years. One of the more recent intriguing findings is the remarkable speed of these changes. Within the incredibly short time span (by geologic standards) of only a few decades or even a few years, global temperatures have fluctuated by as much as 15°F (8°C) or more. For example, as Earth was emerging out of the last glacial cycle, the warming trend was interrupted 12,800 years ago when temperatures dropped dramatically in only several decades. A mere 1,300 years later, temperatures locally spiked as much as 20°F (11°C) within just several years. Sudden changes like this occurred at least 24 times during the past 100,000 years. In a relative sense, we are in a time of unusually stable temperatures today—how long will it last?GLOBAL TEMPERATURES DROP BACK TO PRE-EL NINO LEVELS• Date: 03/02/18• Michael Bastasch, The Daily CallerThe onset of La Niña in the tropical Pacific Ocean has caused temperatures drop to levels not seen in six years, according to satellite temperature data.“Note that La Niña cooling in the tropics has finally penetrated the troposphere, with a -0.12 deg. C departure from average,” wrote atmospheric scientists John Christy and Roy Spencer, who compile satellite data at the University of Alabama, Huntsville.Satellite data, which measures Earth’s bulk atmosphere, show temperature anomalies dropped from 0.41 degrees Celsius in December to 0.26 degrees in January. The temperature drop was brought about by a La Niña cooling event in the tropics.La Niña is in full swing in 2018, plunging temperatures in the tropics to -0.12 degrees Celsius in January, down from 0.26 degrees the previous month. It’s the third-largest tropical temperature drop on record.“The last time the tropics were cooler than this was June, 2012 (-0.15 deg. C),” the scientists wrote.“Out of the 470 month satellite record, the 0.38 deg. C one-month drop in January tropical temperatures was tied for the 3rd largest, beaten only by October 1991 (0.51 deg. C drop) and August, 2014 (0.41 deg. C drop),” they wrote.La Niña settled in late 2017, with cooler waters reaching from South America, across to eastern Pacific islands. It’s the opposite of El Niño warming events.“The last time the Southern Hemisphere was this cool (+0.06 deg. C) was July, 2015 (+0.04 deg. C),” Christy and Spencer wrote.“The linear temperature trend of the global average lower tropospheric temperature anomalies from January 1979 through January 2018 remains at +0.13 C/decade,” they wrote.Global Temperatures Drop Back To Pre-El Nino Levels - The Global Warming Policy Forum (GWPF)Arctic Sea Ice Increasing For Eleven YearsPosted on 14 Oct 2017 by Iowa Climate Science EducationDay 285 Arctic sea ice extent has been increasing since the start of MASIE records in 2006. This year is fifth highest since 2006.fmasie_4km_allyears_extent_sqkm.csvSoutheast U.S. blueberry, peach cropsMARCH 22, 2017Frosts last week in the U.S. Southeast are reported to have severely damaged fruit production, with one industry representative estimating up to three-quarters of Georgia’s blueberry crop may have been wiped out.James Matkin •Solar radiation is in decline and this may portend a colder climate causing the devastation of blueberries and peaches. The record colder temperatures in the US North East deny the alarmists claim of catastrophic warming. Prudence suggests withholding action as demanded in Paris to make the earth's climate colder. Cold is worse than warm as we are basically a tropical species. There is in our chaotic climate history long periods of brutally cold weather leading to an ice age were glaciers cover the land. Here is the science of -The Maunder MinimumEarly records of sunspots indicate that the Sun went through a period of inactivity in the late 17th century. Very few sunspots were seen on the Sun from about 1645 to 1715 (38 kb JPEG image). Although the observations were not as extensive as in later years, the Sun was in fact well observed during this time and this lack of sunspots is well documented. This period of solar inactivity also corresponds to a climatic period called the "Little Ice Age" when rivers that are normally ice-free froze and snow fields remained year-round at lower altitudes. There is evidence that the Sun has had similar periods of inactivity in the more distant past. The connection between solar activity and terrestrial climate is an area of on-going research.https://solarscience.msfc.n...Frosts a major blow for Southeast U.S. blueberry, peach crops - FreshFruitPortal.comHOW AL GORE BUILT THE GLOBAL WARMING FRAUDOCTOBER 19, 2018By Jay Lehr, Tom HarrisAnd changed the alarmism from global cooling to global warming, and now climate change.Although his science is often seriously wrong, no one can deny that Al Gore has a flare for the dramatic. Speaking about climate change in an October 12 PBS interview, the former vice-president proclaimed, “We have a global emergency.” Referring to the most recent UN climate report, Gore claimed it showed that current global warming “could actually extend to an existential threat to human civilization on this planet as we know it.”Al Gore’s overblown rhetoric makes no sense, of course. Yet his hyperbolic claims beg the question: How did this all start?Back in the 1970s, media articles warning of imminent climate change problems began to appear regularly. TIME and Newsweek ran multiple cover stories asserting that oil companies and America’s capitalist life style were causing catastrophic damage to Earth’s climate. They claimed scientists were almost unanimous in their opinion that manmade climate change would reduce agricultural productivity for the rest of the century.The April 28, 1975 Newsweek proposed solutions that even included outlawing internal combustion engines.This sounds very similar to today's climate change debate – except, in the 70s, the fear was manmade global cooling, not warming.TIME magazine’s January 31, 1977 cover featured a story, “How to Survive The Coming Ice Age.” It included “facts” such as scientists predicting that Earth’s so-called average temperature could drop by 20 degrees Fahrenheit due to manmade global cooling. Dr. Murray Mitchell of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration warned readers that “the drop in temperature between 1945 and 1968 had taken us one sixth of the way to the next Ice Age temperature.”Global cooling gained considerable traction with the general public. But then, instead of cooling as long predicted by manmade climate change advocates, the planet started warming again. Something had to be done to rescue the climate change agenda from utter disaster. Enter Al Gore.Al Gore Sr., a powerful Senator from Tennessee, saw to it that his son was elected to the House of Representatives, serving from 1977 to 1985, then going on to the Senate from 1985 to 1993. Gore Junior’s primary issue was his conviction that the Earth would perish if we did not eliminate fossil fuels.Gore advanced to Vice President under President Bill Clinton, where he was able to enact policies and direct funding to ensure that the climate change agenda became a top priority of the United States Government. Gore’s mission was boosted when Clinton gave him authority over the newly created President’s Council on Sustainable Development.It will come as no surprise then that, when the Council’s Charter was revised on April 25, 1997, the “Scope of Activities” included the following direction to the Council:Advise the President on domestic implementation of policy options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Council should not debate the science of global warming [emphasis added], but should instead focus on the implementation of national and local greenhouse gas reduction policies and activities, and adaptations in the U.S. economy and society that maximize environmental and social benefits, minimize economic impacts, and are consistent with U.S. international agreements. The Council should, at a minimum, identify and encourage potentially replicable examples of reductions in greenhouse gas emissions across diverse sectors and levels of society.Considering that the Council was tasked with advising the President “on matters involving sustainable development,” and alternative points of view on the science of climate change were effectively excluded, it was a foregone conclusion that the Clinton administration would go in the direction Gore wanted. Indeed, in their cover letter to the President accompanying their 1999 report, Advancing Prosperity, Opportunity and a Healthy Environment for the 21st Century, the Council stated: “Our report presents consensus recommendations on how America can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and take other steps to protect the climate.”A cornerstone of Gore’s strategy was to ensure that all high-ranking government officials who had any involvement with funding policies relating to climate change were in line with his vision. These agencies included the Department of Energy, Environmental Protection Agency, National Science Foundation, Department of Education, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and National Aeronautics and Space Administration.An example of his power was shown when physicist Dr. William Happer, then Director of Energy Research at the Department of Energy, testified before Congress in 1993 that scientific data did not support the hypothesis of manmade global warming. Gore saw to it that Happer was immediately fired. Fifteen years later, Happer quipped, “I had the privilege of being fired by Al Gore, since I refused to go along with his alarmism. I did not need the job that badly.”Al Gore was also able to leverage his high visibility, his movie awards, his Nobel Prize, and his involvement in various carbon trading and other schemes into a personal fortune. When he ended his tenure as Vice President in 2001, his net worth was $2 million. By 2013, it exceeded $300 million.Gore's movie, An Inconvenient Truth, provided a series of graphic images showing the apocalyptic consequences that some had predicted if fossil fuels were allowed to continue warming the planet. Images included melting glaciers, dying polar bears, spreading diseases, coastal cities inundated by massive floods, cities wiped out by hurricanes and tornadoes, and food supplies exterminated by droughts.This compelling propaganda played a major role in frightening an entire generation about the future, causing young people and many parents to feel guilty about the role that they and their country were supposedly having in destroying our beautiful planet.Since then, Americans have been told constantly that they should feel irresponsible if they drive cars or use fossil fuel energy to heat their homes or power their businesses. A rapid, massive conversion away from coal, oil and natural gas to renewable energy sources such and wind and solar, we are told, is the only hope for saving the planet.Now children are increasingly depressed about their future, thanks to the constant barrage of global warming propaganda that they receive at school. Indeed, they have become so brainwashed and cowed by their peers that they no longer dare to question any statement made about catastrophic climate change.Yet, essentially everything in Gore's climate change agenda is either wrong or highly misrepresented.Now that he is President Donald Trump’s Senior Scientist for the National Security Council, Dr. Happer needs to show there is no “scientific consensus” on these issues, rekindle informed debate on climate and energy issues, and help bring hope, common sense and real science back into the discourse – to help end the dangerous mythology of dangerous manmade global warming.How Al Gore Built the Global Warming FraudThe greenhouse gas effect is “bunk”The earth is not a greenhouse. The metaphor is is bad science.The original warming theory invented in 1824 by Fourier was only limited to water vapour that is 95% of the total gases and refuted in 1909 by RW Wood a famous American physicist and inventor. Wood based his refutation on a better understanding of how a real greenhouse works and it is not by back radiation. It is the fact the glass panel prevent the trapped air being cooled by the atmosphere. The earth is an open system there are no glass panel and Co2 plant food at 0.1% (near zero) of the atmosphere could not have such large effects on the climate is impossible to even image. There is only one molecule of Co2 emissions between Vancouver and Hope 130 K away.Looking at all the gases in the atmosphere 76% Nitrogen and 20.5% Oxygen shows the so called greenhouse gases are only < 4%. The largest greenhouse gas is water vapour at 95%. Most of the Co2 in the atmosphere comes from natural sources at 4% this leaves only minute amounts of industry produced Co2 too small to measure.Make up of invisible radiative gases misnamed greenhouse gases.This is a key graph of all Greenhouse gases that shows detailed percentages of where the source of C02 in the atmosphere and human emissions are miniscule at only 0.117%.“Human activities contribute slightly to greenhouse gas concentrations through farming, manufacturing, power generation, and transportation. However, these emissions are so dwarfed in comparison to emissions from other natural sources it is foolish to think humans make any difference. Even the most costly efforts to limit human Co2 emissions if they succeeded would have a very small-- undetectable-- effect on global climate.it may be a little hard to picture just how minute the fossil fuel emissions across the globe are.Please take 3 minutes to view this helpful Australian Rice video that helped Australia’s public decide to axe the futile carbon http://tax when they realized the impossibility of such a unevenly scattered minute gas having control the climate around the world..THE RICE VIDEO FROM AUSTRALIAIt is hard to imagine, but essential to realize just how small the Co2 emissions from fossil fuels are.Climate alarmists ignore this evidence that GHG are trace gases with water vapour at 95% and Co2 near zero from human fossil fuels. are too small a portion of the atmosphere to matter because it makes nonsense of their hypothesis.The saddest part of the debate over global warming is the fact alarmists like Al Gore and Barack Obama say the science is settled when there are so many leading scientists and research papers offside. The claim of certainty about a science hypothesis about minor Greenhouse Gases is terrible and obviously wrong.Because we think in pictures and our conceptual system is steeped in metaphor the bad greenhouse metaphor used in climate science distorts our understanding of climate reality.Greenhouse is a misleading word, a bad metaphor and a delusion claiming that Co2 from human emissions have a major effect on the climate? Is the claim of heat forcing or back radiation from the greenhouse effect false?Does the fact human Co2 emissions are near zero or minuscule at 0.1% of the atmosphere make it physically impossible for us to have any influence on our chaotic and variable climate? Co2 gas is only 1 molecule of 2,600 other molecules.History proves that vivid metaphors with false science in the hands of the media, politicians and mass hysteria can be devastating. The popular book, SILENT SPRING written by Rachel Carson is a tragic example of environmentalism gone mad.Bad METAPHORS from shoddy science are deadlyTHE SILENT SPRING AND THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT EXAMPLES“While excellent literature, however, Silent Spring was very poor science…Carson wrongly claimed DDT Endangered U.S. Birds with Extinction. According to Rachel Carson, DDT was so harmful to birds that someday America’s springs would be silent, as all the birds that might enliven them with song would be dead. Indeed, it was from this poignant image that she drew the title for her http://book.An examination of actual data, however, thoroughly debunks Carson’s claim… In the case of the robin, singled out by Carson as “the tragic symbol of the fate of the birds,” the population count increased twelvefold.Many other studies show the same pattern of sharp increase of some bird populations during the DDT years.THE DDT LIE IN PHOTO BY THE NEW YORKER JUNE 23, 1962Silent Spring—IITo only a few chemicals does man owe as great a debt as to DDT. It has contributed to the great increase in agricultural productivity, while sparing countless humanity from a host of diseases, most notably, perhaps, scrub typhus and malaria. Indeed, it is estimated that, in little more than two decades, DDT has prevented 500 million deaths due to malaria that would otherwise have been inevitable.. By some estimates, the death toll in Africa alone from unnecessary malaria resulting from the restrictions on DDT has exceeded 100 million people.”Robert Zubrin is a New Atlantis contributing editor. This essay is adapted from his new book — the latest volume in our New Atlantis Books series — Merchants of Despair: Radical Environmentalists, Criminal Pseudo-Scientists, and the Fatal Cult of Antihumanism.https://www.thenewatlantis.com/p...I submit that Al Gore’s slide show and subsequent movie, THE INCONVENIENT TRUTH is sadly a remake of Rachael Carson’s SILENT SPRING and by denying fossil fuels to > 2 billion living off the grid the result will be just as devastating..Leading scientists do not support the notion that the most beneficial trace gas on the planet Co2 ,that is invisible and non toxic could physically be the control knob of our climate. The claim surely feels like a hoax.Why Global Warming?Despite the overwhelming evidence against human-caused global warming, why is actual temperature data consistently ignored? Current climate fluctuations are trivial and well within historical limits. It is a fact that it has been warmer than today for a majority of time in the earth’s climate past.The earth’s climate is symmetry between millions of years as a hot box and then as an ice box. Global warming and global cooling are the imperceptible nonlinear driving forces causing climate scientists to be fooled by randomness. No one knows in their lifetimes what direction the chaotic climate is trending.“Green Guru James Lovelock now says we may ‘enjoy’ global warming: I was ‘led astray’ by the ice cores that seemed to imply changes in carbon dioxide were the dominant cause of changes. Lovelock regrets that huge sums have been 'squandered on the renewable energy sources”, many of which are “ugly and hopelessly impractical” and threaten a “green satanic change” to Britain’s landscape.”Earth has been cooling for 64 million years as shown above. It will continue to cool. Is the current warming just a dead cat bounce? This is worth worrying about as global warming seems to be morphing into global cooling.Historical temperature data shows the alarmists alleged current ‘unprecedented global warming’ is a fantasy or a hoax. Though all the information presented here is publicly available and well known in both scientific and political circles, why does this false notion prevail that mankind is destroying the planet? Could the motive behind such madness be something other than saving the Earth?Geologists are one science discipline steeped in climate history that is not fooled by the AGW false crusade.December 13, 2013“American Institute of Professional Geologists (AIPG) national president Ronald Wallace and Tennessee Section president Todd McFarland (Nashville office of AMEC Earth and Environmental, Inc.) visited Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU) on December 5th for an AIPG section meeting. ..“From an education perspective, one of the differences between AIPG and two of the other major geoscience societies, the Geological Society of America and the American Geophysical Union, is that a substantial number of AIPG members have expressed skepticism about the extent to which human activity is to blame for global warming during the last 150 years....“I do not know a single geologist who believes that (global warming ) is a man-made phenonemon.”Peter Sciaky Senate testimony, Oct. 29, 2007, Congressional Record, Senate, Vol. 153. Pt. 20Here is a list of the many organizations who doubt the claim of human caused global warming —NO 'Consensus' on "Man-Made" Global WarmingNon 'Consensus' Scientists:Galileo - Darwin - Einstein"Let's be clear: the work of science has nothing whatever to do with consensus. Consensus is the business of politics. Science, on the contrary, requires only one investigator who happens to be right, which means that he or she has results that are verifiable by reference to the real world. In science consensus is irrelevant. What is relevant is reproducible results. The greatest scientists in history are great precisely because they broke with the consensus..." - Michael Crichton, A.B. Anthropology, M.D. HarvardReality: There is NO 'Consensus' on "Man-Made" Global Warming:31,478 Scientists Reject 'Global Warming' Agenda (Petition Project)- Art Robinson Responds to Petition Slander (OISM)- Art Robinson: A Scientist Finds Independence (American Spectator)- Qualifications of Signers (OISM)4000 Scientists sign 'The Heidelberg Appeal' (Science & Environmental Policy Project)1500 Scholars, Policy Experts and Theologians sign the 'Cornwall Declaration on Environmental Stewardship' (Cornwall Allliance)1100 Climate Realists sign 'The Manhattan Declaration on Climate Change' (ICSC)700 International Scientists Dissent Over Man-Made Global Warming Claims (US Senate Committee on Environment & Public Works)- Morano responds to attacks on 650 Scientist Report (PDF)500 Scientists with Documented Doubts of Man-Made Global Warming Scares (The Heartland Institute)400 Scientists Dispute Man-Made Global Warming Claims (US Senate Committee on Environment & Public Works)170 Scientists, Economists and Theologians sign an open letter to the signers of 'Climate Change: An Evangelical Call to Action' (Cownwall Alliance)116 Scientists Rebuke Obama as 'Simply Incorrect' on Global Warming (Cato Institute)105 Scientists sign 'The Leipzig Declaration on Global Climate Change' (Science & Environmental Policy Project)100 Scientists sign an 'Open Letter to the Secretary-General of the United Nations' (National Post, Canada)60 Scientists call on Harper to revisit the science of global warming (Financial Post, Canada)47 Scientists sign the 'Statement by Atmospheric Scientists on Greenhouse Warming' (Science & Environmental Policy Project)41 Scientists debunk global warming alert (The Daily Telegraph, UK)35 Skeptical Scientists, 'The Deniers' (National Post, Canada)An Inconvenient Fact: ...only 51 individuals signed the IPCC Report released on February 2, 2007.The UN Climate Change Numbers Hoax (Canada Free Press)"The object of life is not to be on the side of the majority, but to escape finding oneself in the ranks of the insane" - Marcus AureliusNO 'Consensus' on "Man-Made" Global WarmingThe UN Admits That The Paris Climate Deal Was A FraudAugust 14, 2019Global Hot Air: Here’s a United Nations climate report that environmentalists probably don’t want anybody to read. It says that even if every country abides by the grand promises they made last year in Paris to reduce greenhouse gases, the planet would still be “doomed.”The UN Admits That The Paris Climate Deal Was A Fraud - Frontiers of FreedomJAMES MATKIN•2017-08-23 10:03 PM PUBLISHED COMMENT NATURE J.The great failure of the Paris accord is the failure to accept that the IPCC Al Gore hypothesis of anthropogenic warming is not settled science. Indeed, none of the predictions of doom have occurred. New research confirms the view of leading climate scientists and scholars that trace amounts of Co2 emissions are not destabilizing the planet. Co2 is essential plant food and therefore green energy. The “driving force” of climate change is natural and not Co2 plant food emissions. A new Chinese study confirms climate change comes from natural cycles. This research is based on the longest actual temperature data of more than 400 years from 1659 to 2013, including the period of anthropogenic warming. The authors Geli Wang & Peicai Yang and Xiuji Zhou are scientists at the CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCE and Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, China 中国气象科学研究院 Their study confirms THE DRIVING FORCES OF GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE ARE NOT ANTHROPOGENIC (human activity). The driving forces are “the El Niño–Southern Oscillation cycle and the Hale sunspot cycle, respectively.” The title of the study published in the prestigious NATURE Journal is: Identification of the driving forces of climate change using the longest instrumental temperature record Identification of the driving forces of climate change using the longest instrumental temperature record This means that climate change cannot be stopped as Paris attendees believed. Co2 is very beneficial plant food and we need more not less. Why climate change is good for the world | The Spectator It is good news for civilization that the Paris targets are not being met around the world.https://www.nature.com/news/prov...Alexander the Great conquered the world with a well fed cavalry and temperatures warmer than today.MY PUBLISHED COMMENTJames Matkin • 8 months agoThe climate alarmists overconfidence about their hypothesis that small amounts of CO2 emissions (0.117%) from fossil fuels added to large amounts of water vapour (95%) in Green House Gases will destabilize the climate has not been proven. The science is therefore pseudoscience like alchemy. This article is very pertinent to show the correlation in many countries of electrification and economic success. Without grid electricity there is devastation. We must stop the immoral vilifying of coal for developing countries living in energy poverty based only on fear mongering from our weak climate science about carbon dioxide.http:// https://www.thenewamerican.com/tech/environment/item/19840-is-global-warming-a-hoaxHarvard Astrophysicist Dr. Willie Soon gives compelling evidence that the motives of the alarmists are biased by social justice opportunities leveraged by climate fear mongering, not science -Soon refers to two most revealing quotes from alarmist leaders.“No matter if the science is all phony; there are collateral environmental benefits…. Climate change [provides] the greatest chance to bring about justice and equality in the world.”Christine Stewart, former Minister of the Environment of CanadaOttmar Edenhofer, lead author of the IPCC’s fourth summary report released in 2007 candidly expressed the priority. Speaking in 2010, he advised, “One has to free oneself from the illusion that international climate policy is environmental policy. Instead, climate change policy is about how we redistribute de facto the world’s wealth.”Or, as U.N. climate chief Christina Figueres pointedly remarked, the true aim of the U.N.’s 2014 Paris climate conference was “to change the [capitalist] economic development model that has been reigning for at least 150 years, since the Industrial Revolution.”That Paris conference agenda got a useful boost from U.S. government agency scientists at NASA and NOAA who conveniently provided “warmest years ever” claims. Both have histories of stirring overheated global warming stew pots with alarming and statistically indefensible claims of recent “record high” temperatures.http://www.climatedepot.com/2017/05/24/global-warming-is-not-about-the-science-un-admits-climate-change-policy-is-about-how-we-redistribute-the-worlds-wealth/R.I.P. Greenhouse Gas Theory: 1980-2018Published on January 15, 2018Written by John O'Sullivan“Fresh analysis of government scientific records reveals the idea of ‘long-settled’ science in the greenhouse gas theory is a myth. The claim human emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) act as a control knob on climate only appeared in consensus science since the 1980’s. Prior to that time, official records show the theory as “abandoned.”Famously, on June 24, 1988 the whole world first heard about the dreaded “greenhouse effect” (GHE) from NASA’s new champion of the theory, James Hansen. Hansen had breathed life into an old and “abandoned” theory drawing from new space research into Venus and Mars. Thanks to Hansen’s role, climate fear prevailed for a generation.Hansen is a rogue famous for exaggeration and radical protests against the establishment.Recently, Russian scientists have declared the GHE dead as global cooling sets in; while a team of Italian scientists called for a “deep re-examination” of the failing theory. Other new papers readily dismiss the CO2 climate hypothesis. Below we present the stark evidence and encourage readers to engage in their own research.Consensus as Science?Of course, we should begin by stating real scientists avoid reliance on consensus opinion to determine the validity or otherwise of any theory. But so often, non-scientists in the general public and media (and certain corrupt national science institutes) cite consensus claims to quell discussion and debate.In that regard, we show that for the greater part of the 20th century consensus science, itself, rejected the idea that carbon dioxide causes global warming.The so-called greenhouse gas theory (GHE) was first famously debunked by Professor H. W.Woods in 1909. Establishment scientists usually never decry the Woods debunk. Instead, they gloss over it and the long hiatus that followed (1909-1980).Concocting a Strong NarrativeSpencer R. Weart, director of the Center for the History of Physics of the American Institute of Physics is pre-eminent among establishment science historians in splashing gloss. Weart’s book, ‘The Discovery of Global Warming’ is compulsory reading for modern students in this field.Weart plugged Hansen’s comparison of Mars and Venus with Earth, asserting life as being very fragile and vulnerable to any climate shifts. Weart writes:“In the 1960s and 1970s, observations of Mars and Venus showed that planets that seemed much like the Earth could have frightfully different atmospheres. The greenhouse effect had made Venus a furnace, while lack of atmosphere had locked Mars in a deep freeze. This was visible evidence that climate can be delicately balanced, so that a planet’s atmosphere could flip from a livable state to a deadly one.” (id.)Like James Hansen’s ‘fixing’ of history, Weart is masterful at making evidence fit the narrative.. Professor Takeda Kunihiko, vice-chancellor of the Institute of Science and Technology Research at Chubu University in Japan, sums it up succinctly:“CO2 emissions make absolutely no difference one way or the other – every scientist knows this, but it doesn’t pay to say so.”The author of the above extract is CEP Brooks. He and the publisher, the American Meteorological Society, unequivocally advise that the old CO2 climate theory of Arrhenius, Fourier, et al:“was never widely accepted and was abandoned when it was found that all the long-wave radiation absorbed by CO2 is also absorbed by water vapour.”Brooks (+AMS) then addresses the rise in atmospheric CO2 due to human industrial activity:“In the past hundred years the burning of coal has increased the amount of CO2 by a measurable amount (from 0.028 to 0.030 per cent), and Callender  sees in this an explanation of the recent rise in world temperature.”Continuing, Brooks (1951) makes the same inescapable argument made by skeptics today:“But during the past 7000 years there have been greater fluctuations of temperature without the internvention of man, and there seems no reason to regard the recent rise as more than a coincidence. This theory is not considered further.”Thus, the greenhouse gas theory was well and truly dead and buried in 1951 – according to settled consensus science (if you are a believer in it)…Canadian space scientist, Joseph E Postma summarizes why bias, group think and incompetence helped sustain the discredited greenhouse gas theory for so long when proper examination shows it is literally ‘flat earth physics.’NASA Boss: Hansen “Embarrassed” UsArrested for protesting illegally against corporate America.“Hansen is an unstable radical prone to exaggeration and misleading data.”But time is not the friend of climate fraudsters. And Hansen’s beloved greenhouse gas theory is consistently and monotonously being refuted in peer-reviewed journals rendering him – and other alarmists – disgraced. NASA’s Mass/Gravity Equations contradict the GHE and retired senior NASA atmospheric scientist Dr. John S. Theonm James Hansen’s former supervisor at NASA, has declared on government record that Hansen “embarrassed NASA” and “was never muzzled.” The failure, after 30 years of prophesy, for a climate catastrophe to unfold, has left James Hansen a somewhat chastened man. In a recent paper Hansen shows he has now flip-flopped again on the climate forcing properties of aerosols. Returning to his old DIM science idea Hansen now says aerosols are part of the control knob for a planet’s energy content. But contrary to what he claimed before, he now says they cause cooling, not warming.In 2018 the null hypothesis awaits the greenhouse gas theory. In 1951, the AMS and Britain’s best climate scientist and head of the UK Meteorological Office, CEP Brooks said it all (id.)See -R.I.P. Greenhouse Gas Theory: 1980-2018 | Principia Scientific InternationalMuch of the public have been fooled by fudged data from the likes of Dr. James Hansen and from chance and randomness finding trends in the chaotic climate history of the short run that fail overtime.Seehttps://www.academia.edu/33638382/Fooled_by_Randomness_by_Nassim_Nicholas_Taleb.pdfDaniel Helman answered this QUORA question IS GLOBAL WARMING A HOAX in the affirmative. He denies AGW is a hoax. He presents the conventional view that because 8 key alarmist predictions are true the theory must be true. I disagree. I will rebut with evidence each Helaman key prediction showing they are false.” Helman’s predictions are in italics.1. Sea Level Rise: Global sea level rose about 17 centimeters (6.7 inches) in the last century. The rate in the last decade, however, is nearly double that of the last century.2. Global Temperature Rise: All three major global surface temperature reconstructions show that Earth has warmed since 1880. Most of this warming has occurred since the 1970s, with the 20 warmest years having occurred since 1981 and with all 10 of the warmest years occurring in the past 12 years. Even though the 2000s witnessed a solar output decline resulting in an unusually deep solar minimum in 2007-2009, surface temperatures continue to increase.3. Warming Oceans: The oceans have absorbed much of this increased heat, with the top 700 meters (about 2,300 feet) of ocean showing warming of 0.302 degrees Fahrenheit since 1969.4. Shrinking Ice Sheets: The Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets have decreased in mass. Data from NASA's Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment show Greenland lost 150 to 250 cubic kilometers (36 to 60 cubic miles) of ice per year between 2002 and 2006, while Antarctica lost about 152 cubic kilometers (36 cubic miles) of ice between 2002 and 2005.5. Declining Arctic Sea Ice: Both the extent and thickness of Arctic sea ice has declined rapidly over the last several decades.6. Glacial Retreat: Glaciers are retreating almost everywhere around the world — including in the Alps, Himalayas, Andes, Rockies, Alaska and Africa.7. Extreme Events: The number of record high temperature events in the United States has been increasing, while the number of record low temperature events has been decreasing, since 1950. The U.S. has also witnessed increasing numbers of intense rainfall events.8. Ocean Acidification: Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the acidity of surface ocean waters has increased by about 30 percent. This increase is the result of humans emitting more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and hence more being absorbed into the oceans. The amount of carbon dioxide absorbed by the upper layer of the oceans is increasing by about 2 billion tons per year.THE FACTSSea levels are fallingIn the global warming crusade by the UN IPCC and Al Gore dramatic sea levels rise has been their primary fear mongering prediction. Ridiculous exaggerations have been blamed on fossil fuel Co2 emissions without any evidence.‘For example, Gore in his Oscar-winning film An Inconvenient Truth went much further, talking of 20 feet, and showing computer graphics of cities such as Shanghai and San Francisco half under water,’ Booker noted.Global sea level data is more fiction than fact because of the limited tide stations and natural variations at the regional level. Scientists deride the alarmist fearmongering on sea rise and admit over the past 130 years 7″ rise is imperceptible.Sea-level rise is not accelerating, and has not accelerated since the 1920s.There are about sixty good-quality, 100+ year records of sea-level around the world, and they all show the same thing: there has been no statistically significant acceleration (increase) in the rate of sea-level rise in the last 85 years or more. That means anthropogenic CO2 emissions do not measurably affect sea-level rise, and predictions of wildly accelerated sea-level rise are based on superstition, not science.Here are two very high quality sea-level measurement records, one from the Pacific and one from the Atlantic:They show no activity that could be related to increase fossil fuel emissions.A fortiori as lawyers would say is the fact that recently the global sea level data has gone negative to the point that NASA has been forced to explain falling sea levels -On a NASA page intended to spread climate alarmism (https://climate.nasa.gov/vital-signs/sea-level/), NASA’s own data reveal that worldwide ocean levels have been falling for nearly two years, dropping from a variation of roughly 87.5mm to below 85mm.Here is the same data presented in a shorter timeline.This is too short to say it is a trend but it certainly rebuts the fictional and wildly ridiculous claims of Al Gore et al.It is relevant that sea levels today are the lowest in the history of our planet and yet they are very stable.Nils-Axel Mörnervia NoTricksZone By P Gosselin on4. February 2018 (Climatism bolds & links added) :SEA LEVELS ‘ABSOLUTELY STABLE’World Leading Authority: Sea Level “Absolutely Stable”… Poor Quality Data From “Office Perps”…IPCC “False”German-speaking readers will surely want to save the text of an interview conducted by the online Baseler Zeitung (BAZ) of Switzerland with world leading sea level expert Prof. Nils-Axel Mörner.Few scientists have scientifically published as much on sea level as Mörner has.Yet because he rejects the alarmist scenarios touted by the media and alarmist IPCC scientists, the Swedish professor has long been the target of vicious attack campaigns aimed at discrediting him – yet to little effect.Mörner, who headed of the Paleogeophysics & Geodynamics (P&G) Department at Stockholm University from 1991 to 2005, has studied sea level his entire career, visiting 59 countries in the process.Sea level hijacked by an activist agendaIn the interview Mörner tells science journalist Alex Reichmuth that climate and sea level science has been completely politicized and hijacked by an activist agenda and has become a “quasi religion”.According to the BAZ, recently Mörner has been at the Fiji Islands on multiple occasions in order “to study coastal changes and sea level rise”, and to take a first hand look at the “damage” that allegedly has occurred due to climate change over the past years.IPCC is falseThe Swedish professor tells the BAZ that he became a skeptic of alarmist climate science early on because “the [UN] IPCC always depicted the facts on the subject falsely” and “grossly exaggerated the risks of sea level rise” and that the IPCC “excessively relied on shaky computer models instead of field research.”He tells the BAZ: “I always want to know what the facts are. That’s why I went to the Fiji Islands.”“Very poor quality data” from “office perps”Mörner also dismisses claims by the Swiss ProClim climate science platform who recently announced that the Fiji Islands are seeing a rapid sea level rise. According to Mörner the data were taken from poor locations. “We looked over the data, and concluded that they are of very poor quality” and that the researchers who handled the data were “office perps” who were “not specialized in coastal dynamic processes and sea level changes”.“Many of them have no clue about the real conditions.”Sea level “absolutely stable”Mörner tells the BAZ that sea level at the Fiji islands was in fact higher than it is today between 1550 and 1700. Coral reefs tell the story and “they don’t lie,” the Swedish professor said. He added he was not surprised by the data because “it is not the first time the IPCC has been wrong”.Over the past 200 years: “The sea level has not changed very much. Over the past 50 to 70 years it has been absolutely stable”.“Because they have a political agenda”Not only is sea level rise due to climate change at the Fiji Islands exaggerated, but the same is true worldwide as a rule. When asked why are we seeing all the warnings from scientists, Mörner tells the BAZ: “Because they have a political agenda.”Mörner warns readers that the IPCC was set up from the get-go with the foregone conclusion man was warming the globe and changing the climate: Mörner says: “And it is sticking to that like a dogma – no matter what the facts are.”When asked if sea level rise poses a problem for the islands, Mörner answers with one simple word: “No.”Strong evidence solar activity impacts sea levelThe Swedish professor also tells the BAZ that the rates of water rushing into the ocean due to glacier melt are exaggerated and that thermal expansion of the ocean is minimal. Mörner adds:“Sea level appears to depend foremost on solar cycle and little from melting ice.”Junk surveys produce “nonsense”When asked by the BAZ why he became skeptical, Mörner recalls the “great anger” from an IPCC representative when he spoke at a 1991 sea level conference in the USA. He was surprised by the reaction, alluding to the fact that it is normal to have different views in science. And as the years followed, he became increasingly aware of the falsehoods made by the IPCC and the organization’s refusal to admit to them.On the subject of publishing research results:“Publishers of scientific journals no longer accept papers that challenge the claims made by the IPCC, no matter the paper’s quality.”In his decades long career, Mörner has authored some 650 publications, and he tells the BAZ that he has no plans to stop fighting. “No one can stop me.”Near the end of the interview Mörner calls the claim that 97% of all climate scientists believe global warming is man-made “nonsense” and that the number comes from “unserious surveys”.“In truth the majority of scientists reject the IPCC claims. Depending on the field, it’s between 50 and 80 percent.”F. Cooling over the next decadesMörner also sees little reason to reduce CO2 emissions, and calls the belief in man-made climate change a religious movement driven by public funding.In conclusion Mörner tells the BAZ that he thinks solar activity will likely decrease and that cooling will ensue over the coming decades.“Then it will become clear just how wrong the global warming warnings are.”The declining reality is strong enough that science articles now try to explain the reason for falling seas.Climate change makes sea levels fall, not rise, new NASA study showsAndre Mitchell 16 February 2016“Here's another shocking discovery about global climate change: It contributes to the falling of sea levels, and not to the rising of the seas as previously thought.Using two satellites, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)'s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in cooperation with the University of California at Irvine recently found out that water with a measured volume of 3.2 trillion tons has already seeped through land over the past decade.This figure amounts to the rate of sea level rise slowing by 22 percent, according to the new research. This means that previous fears that certain islands will be inundated in coming years can already be allayed.The study's lead author, J.T. Reager of the JPL, explained that because of growing demand for water due to global warming, the surface of the Earth has become more parched, with less groundwater underneath.As a result, water from melting glaciers earlier believed to be causing sea level rise is said to "being absorbed" by lakes, rivers and underground aquifers, similar to the way a sponge absorbs water.”This explanation is hard to believe when the more obvious answer is that original fears were nonsense as the largest glaciers are not melting the earth’s climate is not too hot. Here is a more credible explanation for no rise in seas from Marc Morano -“Marc Morano, a famous global warming sceptic, said these findings prove his belief all along that climate change cannot be directly connected to supposed sea level rises."There is no evidence of an acceleration of sea level rise, and therefore no evidence of any man-made effect on sea levels. Sea level rise is primarily a local phenomenon related to land subsidence, not carbon dioxide levels," Morano said in a separate article on http://WND.com.”Climate change makes sea levels fall, not rise, new NASA study showsYes ,to see just how local (regional) see levels are see the data on major falling seasChurchill Manitoba the primary home of thousands of polar bears hunted by InuitMean sea level trends Churchill, Canada.The mean sea level trend is -9.48 millimeters/year with a 95% confidence interval of +/- 0.57 mm/yr based on monthly mean sea level data from 1940 to 2011 which is equivalent to a change of -3.11 feet in 100 years.https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/sltrends/sltrends_global_station.htm?stnid=970-141There are many other examples of sharply falling sea levels in regional coasts.2. Global temperatures are declining from declining solar radiation.Solar Flares and Sun SpotsHabibullo Abdusamatov, head of the space research laboratory at the St. Petersburg-based Pulkovo Observatory, said global warming stems from an increase in the sun’s activity.“Global warming results not from the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, but from an unusually high level of solar radiation and a lengthy – almost throughout the last century – growth in its intensity,”“Instead of professed global warming, the Earth will be facing a slow decrease in temperatures in 2012-2015. The gradually falling amounts of solar energy, expected to reach their bottom level by 2040, will inevitably lead to a deep freeze around 2055-2060,” he said, adding that this period of global freeze will last some 50 years, after which the temperatures will go up again.http://en.rian.ru/russia/20070115/59078992.htmlThe past 20 years confirms that temperature change correlates with solar radiation as temperature flattens or falls despite sharp increase in fossil fuel Co2 emitted.3. Oceans are cooling3. Cooling Oceans12 New Papers: North Atlantic, Pacific, And Southern Oceans Are Cooling As Glaciers Thicken, Gain MassBy Kenneth Richard on 11. September 2017Graph Source Duchez et al., 2016Contrary to expectations, climate scientists continue to report that large regions of the Earth have not been warming in recent decades.According to Dieng et al. (2017), for example, the global oceans underwent a slowdown, a pause, or even a slight cooling trend during 2003 to 2013. This undermines expectations from climate models which presume the increase in radiative forcing from human CO2 emissions should substantially increase ocean temperatures.The authors indicate that the recent trends in ocean temperatures “may just reflect a 60-year natural cycle“, the AMO (Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation), and not follow radiative forcing trends.Dieng et al., 2017 We investigate the global mean and regional change of sea surface and land surface temperature over 2003–2013, using a large number of different data sets, and compare with changes observed over the past few decades (starting in 1950). … While confirming cooling of eastern tropical Pacific during the last decade as reported in several recent studies, our results show that the reduced rate of change of the 2003–2013 time span is a global phenomenon. GMST short-term trends since 1950 computed over successive 11-year windows with 1-year overlap show important decadal variability that highly correlates with 11-year trends of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index. The GMST 11-year trend distribution is well fitted by a Gaussian function, confirming an unforced origin related to internal climate variability.4.5. 6. Glacier ice is expanding not shrinkingSix Decades of Glacial Advance in the Western Ross Sea, AntarcticaPaper ReviewedFountain, A.G., Glenn, B. and Scambos, T.A. 2017. The changing extent of the glaciers along the western Ross Sea, Antarctica. Geology 45: 927-930.Climate alarmists have long anticipated Earth's polar regions to symbolize the proverbial canary in the coal mine when it comes to witnessing the impacts of CO2-induced climate change. In these high latitudes, temperatures are predicted to warm so fast and to such a degree so as to cause unprecedented melting of ice that even the most ardent of climate skeptics would be forced to concede the verity of global warming theory. Consequently, researchers pay close attention to changes in climate in both the Arctic and Antarctic.The most recent work in this regard comes from the scientific team of Fountain et al. (2017), who analyzed changes in glacier extent along the western Ross Sea in Antarctica over the past 60 years. More specifically, using digital scans of paper maps based on aerial imagery acquired by the U.S. Geological Survey, along with modern-day satellite imagery from a variety of platforms, the authors digitized a total of 49 maps and images from which they calculated changes in the terminus positions, ice speed, calving rates and ice front advance and retreat rates from 34 glaciers in this region over the period 1955-2015.In discussing their findings, Fountain et al. report that "no significant spatial or temporal patterns of terminus position, flow speed, or calving emerged, implying that the conditions associated with ice tongue stability are unchanged," at least over the past six decades. However, they also report that "the net change for all the glaciers, weighted by glacier width at the grounding line, has been [one of] advance" (emphasis added) with an average rate of increase of +12 ± 88 m yr-1(see Figure 1 below).In pointing out the significance of the above findings, it is important to note that, over a period of time in which the bulk of the modern rise in atmospheric CO2 has occurred, not only have the majority of glaciers from this large region of Antarctica not retreated, they have collectively grown! This stark reality stands in direct contrast to climate-alarmist predictions for this region; and it reveals that if there is any canary in the coal mine to be seen, it is in the failure of global warming predictions/theory to match real-world observations. What will it take for climate alarmists to concede this fact?Arctic Sea Ice Increasing For Eleven YearsPosted on 14 Oct 2017 by Iowa Climate Science EducationDay 285 Arctic sea ice extent has been increasing since the start of MASIE records in 2006. This year is fifth highest since 2006.fmasie_4km_allyears_extent_sqkm.csv“Meanwhile, criminals in the press and scientific community continue to report the exact opposite of what the data shows.”Global sea ice extent rising.7. Severe weather has declined not worsened.Analysis: It’s not just droughts, but nearly all extreme weather is declining or at or near record lowsEXTREME WEATHER Expert: “World Is Presently In An Era Of Unusually Low Weather Disasters”Posted: August 6, 2017 | Author: Jamie SpryOn Eve of DC climate march, drought drops to record lows in U.S. as nearly all extreme weather is either declining or at or near record lows (See: Climate Bullies Take to the Streets for ‘People’s Climate March' in DC on April 29th’)"It is not just droughts that are at or near record levels. On almost every measure of extreme weather, the data is not cooperating with the claims of the climate change campaigners. Tornadoes, floods, droughts, and hurricanes are failing to fit in with the global warming narrative."By: Marc Morano - Climate DepotApril 27, 2017 3:27 PMClimate Depot Special ReportThe federal government has just released yet another key piece of scientific data that counters the man-made global warming narrative. The federal U.S. Drought Monitor report shows that droughts in the U.S. are at record lows in 2017. See:Feds: U.S. drought reaches record low in 2017 as rain reigns – Sees lowest levels of drought ever monitored“Drought in the U.S. fell to a record low this week, with just 6.1% of the lower 48 states currently experiencing such dry conditions, federal officials announced Thursday. That’s the lowest percentage in the 17-year history of the weekly U.S. Drought Monitor report,” USA Today reported on April 27. (Ironically, climate activists had declared California to be in a permanent drought: Flashback 2016: Warmist wrong claim: ‘Thanks El Niño, But California’s Drought Is Probably Forever’)Former Vice President Al Gore has made extreme weather warnings a staple of his climate change activist. See:Al Gore on the Weather: ‘Every night on the news now, practically, is like a nature hike through the book of Revelations’But it is not just droughts that are at or near record levels. On almost every measure of extreme weather, the data is not cooperating with the claims of the climate change campaigners. Tornadoes, floods, droughts, and hurricanes are failing to fit in with the global warming narrative.Below is a complete rundown of the very latest on extreme weather conditions: Update data from the 2016 Climate Depot report:Skeptics Deliver Consensus Busting ‘State of the Climate Report’ to UN SummitExtreme Weather: Scientist to Congress in 2017: ‘No evidence’ that hurricanes, floods, droughts, tornadoes are increasing – Dr. Roger Pielke Jr. of University of ColoradoTornadoes: NOAA Tornado data revealing 2016 as ‘one of the quietest years since records began in 1954’ and below average for 5th year in a rowHurricanes: 1) Inconvenient NOAA report: ‘It is premature to conclude (AGW has) already had a detectable impact on’ hurricanes & 2) NOAA: U.S. Completes Record 11 Straight Years Without Major (Cat 3+) Hurricane Strike & 3) 30 peer-reviewed scientific papers reveal the lack of connection between hurricanes & ‘global warming’Floods: ‘Floods are not increasing’: Dr. Roger Pielke Jr. slams ‘global warming’ link to floods & extreme weather – How does media ‘get away with this?’ – Pielke Jr. on how extreme weather is NOT getting worse: ‘Flood disasters are sharply down. U.S. floods not increasing either.’ “Floods suck when they occur. The good news is U.S. flood damage is sharply down over 70 years,” Pielke explained.Heavy Rains: 1000 year rainfall study suggests droughts and floods used to be longer, worseExtreme weather used to be blamed on ‘global cooling’ in the 1970s and early 80s Flashback NOAA 1974: ‘Extreme weather events blamed on global cooling’ – NOAA October 1974: ‘Many climatologists have associated this drought and other recent weather anomalies with a global cooling trend and changes in atmospheric circulation which, if prolonged, pose serious threats to major food-producing regions of the world’5 New Papers: Climate And Weather Events Become LESS Erratic And Severe During Warming PeriodsBy Kenneth Richard on 14. December 2017Cooling, Not Warming, Leads ToWeather and Climate Instability1. Significant Decreasing Trend In Severe Weather Since 1961Zhang et al., 2017Based on continuous and coherent severe weather reports from over 500 manned stations, for the first time, this study shows a significant decreasing trend in severe weather occurrence across China during the past five decades. The total number of severe weather days that have either thunderstorm, hail and/or damaging wind decrease about 50% from 1961 to 2010. It is further shown that the reduction in severe weather occurrences correlates strongly with the weakening of East Asian summer monsoon which is the primary source of moisture and dynamic forcing conducive for warm-season severe weather over China.2. Most Frequent Climate Instability During Global Cooling/Reduced CO2 PeriodsKawamura et al., 2017Numerical experiments using a fully coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation model with freshwater hosing in the northern North Atlantic showed that climate becomes most unstable in intermediate glacial conditions associated with large changes in sea ice and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Model sensitivity experiments suggest that the prerequisite for the most frequent climate instability with bipolar seesaw pattern during the late Pleistocene era is associated with reduced atmospheric CO2 concentration via global cooling and sea ice formation in the North Atlantic, in addition to extended Northern Hemisphere ice sheets.3. Hurricane Activity Is ‘Subdued’ During Warm Periods (1950-2000)Heller, 2017The hurricane analysis conducted by Burn and Palmer (2015) determined that hurricane activity was subdued during the [warm] Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA) (~900-1350 CE) and became more produced during the [cold] Little Ice Age (LIA (~1450-1850 CE), followed by a period of variability occurred between ~1850 and ~1900 before entering another subdued state during the industrial period (~1950-2000 CE). In general, the results of this study corroborate these findings … [W]hile hurricane activity was greater during the LIA, it also had more frequent periods of drought compared to the MCA (Burn and Palmer 2014), suggesting that climate fluctuations were more pronounced in the LIA compared to the MCA. The changes in the diatom distribution and fluctuations in chl-a recorded in this study starting around 1350 also indicate that variations in climate have become more distinct during the LIA and from ~1850-1900.[C]limate variability has increased following the onset of the Little Ice Age (~1450-1850 CE), however it is difficult to distinguish the impacts of recent anthropogenic climate warming on hurricane activity from those of natural Atlantic climate regimes, such as ENSO.4. Surface Warming Weakens Cyclone ActivityChen et al., 2017Results indicate that the midlatitude summer cyclone activity over East Asia exhibits decadal changes in the period of 1979–2013 and is significantly weakened after early 1990s. … Moreover, there is a close linkage between the weakening of cyclonic activity after the early 1990s and the nonuniform surface warming of the Eurasian continent. Significant warming to the west of Mongolia tends to weaken the north–south temperature gradient and the atmospheric baroclinicity to its south and eventually can lead to weakening of the midlatitude cyclone activity over East Asia.5. More Hydroclimatic Variability During Cold Periods…Models Say Warming Causes More Instability, So The 21st Century Will Be Like The Little Ice Age, With More Instability/MegadroughtLoisel et al., 2017Our tree ring-based analysis of past drought indicates that the Little Ice Age (LIA) experienced high interannual hydroclimatic variability, similar to projections for the 21st century. This is contrary to the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA), which had reduced variability and therefore may be misleading as an analog for 21st century warming, notwithstanding its warm (and arid) conditions. Given past non-stationarity, and particularly erratic LIA, a ‘warm LIA’ climate scenario for the coming century that combines high precipitation variability (similar to LIA conditions) with warm and dry conditions (similar to MCA conditions) represents a plausible situation that is supported by recent climate simulations. … Our comparison of tree ring-based drought analysis and records from the tropical Pacific Ocean suggests that changing variability in El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) explains much of the contrasting variances between the MCA and LIA conditions across the American Southwest. The Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA, ~950–1400 CE) is often used as an analog for 21stcentury hydroclimate because it represents a warm (and arid) period. The MCA appears related to general surface warming in the Northern Hemisphere, prolonged La Niña conditions, and a persistent positive North Atlantic Oscillation mode. It has been referred to as a stable time interval with ‘quiet’ conditions in regards to low perturbation by external radiative forcing. In this study, we demonstrate that the Little Ice Age (LIA, ~1400–1850 CE) might be more representative of future hydroclimatic variability than the conditions during the MCA megadroughts for the American Southwest, and thus provide a useful scenario for development of future water-resource management and drought and flood hazard mitigation strategies.Reasonabel Skeptic14. December 2017 at 6:46 PM | Permalink | ReplyAt a macro level warming world and decreasing storminess makes sense.In a warmer climate, the poles warm more than the equatorial regions. This will reduce the temperature gradient north to south and storms happen when cold and warm air masses meet. Ergo lower gradient would suggest less violent storms.http://notrickszone.com/2017/12/14/5-new-papers-climate-and-weather-events-become-less-erratic-and-severe-during-warming-periods/#sthash.CUewcUSD.B38ljRip.dpbs8. Ocean acidification bogey man.Ocean acidification: yet another wobbly pillar of climate alarmismA paper review suggests many studies are flawed, and the effect may not be negative even if it’s realJames Delingpole30 April 2016There was a breathtakingly beautiful BBC series on the Great Barrier Reef recently which my son pronounced himself almost too depressed to watch. ‘What’s the point?’ said Boy. ‘By the time I get to Australia to see it the whole bloody lot will have dissolved.’The menace Boy was describing is ‘ocean acidification’. It’s no wonder he should find it worrying, for it has been assiduously promoted by environmentalists for more than a decade now as ‘global warming’s evil twin’. Last year, no fewer than 600 academic papers were published on the subject, so it must be serious, right?First referenced in a peer-reviewed study in Nature in 2003, it has since been endorsed by scientists from numerous learned institutions including the Royal Society, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the IPCC. Even the great David Attenborough — presenter of the Great Barrier Reef series — has vouched for its authenticity: ‘If the temperature rises up by two degrees and the acidity by a measurable amount, lots of species of coral will die out. Quite what happens then is anybody’s guess. But it won’t be good.’No indeed. Ocean acidification is the terrifying threat whereby all that man-made CO2 we’ve been pumping into the atmosphere may react with the sea to form a sort of giant acid bath. First it will kill off all the calcified marine life, such as shellfish, corals and plankton. Then it will destroy all the species that depend on it — causing an almighty mass extinction which will wipe out the fishing industry and turn our oceans into a barren zone of death.Or so runs the scaremongering theory. The reality may be rather more prosaic. Ocean acidification — the evidence increasingly suggests — is a trivial, misleadingly named, and not remotely worrying phenomenon which has been hyped up beyond all measure for political, ideological and financial reasons.Some of us have suspected this for some time. According to Patrick Moore, a co-founder of Greenpeace, long one of ocean acidification theory’s fiercest critics, the term is ‘just short of propaganda’. The pH of the world’s oceans ranges between 7.5 and 8.3 — well above the acid zone (which starts below ‘neutral’ pH7) — so more correctly it should be stated that the seas are becoming slightly less alkaline. ‘Acid’ was chosen, Moore believes, because it has ‘strong negative connotations for most people’.Matt Ridley, too, has been scathing on the topic. In The Rational Optimist he wrote, ‘Ocean acidification looks suspiciously like a back-up plan by the environmental pressure groups in case the climate fails to warm.’ I agree. That’s why I like to call it the alarmists’ Siegfried Line — their last redoubt should it prove, as looks increasingly to be the case, that the man-made global warming theory is a busted flush.To the alarmist camp, of course, this is yet further evidence that ‘deniers’ are heartless, anti-scientific conspiracy theorists who don’t read peer-reviewed papers and couldn’t give a toss if the world’s marine life is dissolved in a pool of acid due to man’s selfishness and greed. Unfortunately for the doom-mongers, we sceptics have just received some heavy fire-support from a neutral authority.Howard Browman, a marine scientist for 35 years, has published a review in the ICES Journal of Marine Science of all the papers published on the subject. His verdict could hardly be more damning. The methodology used by the studies was often flawed; contrary studies suggesting that ocean acidification wasn’t a threat had sometimes had difficulty finding a publisher. There was, he said, an ‘inherent bias’ in scientific journals which predisposed them to publish ‘doom and gloom stories’.Ocean acidification theory appears to have been fatally flawed almost from the start. In 2004, two NOAA scientists, Richard Feely and Christopher Sabine, produced a chart showing a strong correlation between rising atmospheric CO2 levels and falling oceanic pH levels. But then, just over a year ago, Mike Wallace, a hydrologist with 30 years’ experience, noticed while researching his PhD that they had omitted some key information. Their chart only started in 1988 but, as Wallace knew, there were records dating back to at least 100 years before. So why had they ignored the real-world evidence in favour of computer-modelled projections?When Wallace plotted a chart of his own, incorporating all the available data, covering the period from 1910 to the present, his results were surprising: there has been no reduction in oceanic pH levels in the last -century.Even if the oceans were ‘acidifying’, though, it wouldn’t be a disaster for a number of reasons — as recently outlined in a paper by Patrick Moore for the Frontier Centre for Public Policy. First, marine species that calcify have survived through millions of years when CO2 was at much higher levels; second, they are more than capable of adapting — even in the short term — to environmental change; third, seawater has a large buffering capacity which prevents dramatic shifts in pH; fourth, if oceans do become warmer due to ‘climate change’, the effect will be for them to ‘outgas’ CO2, not absorb more of it.Finally, and perhaps most damningly, Moore quotes a killer analysis conducted by Craig Idso of all the studies which have been done on the effects of reduced pH levels on marine life. The impact on calcification, metabolism, growth, fertility and survival of calcifying marine species when pH is lowered up to 0.3 units (beyond what is considered a plausible reduction this century) is beneficial, not damaging. Marine life has nothing whatsoever to fear from ocean acidification.Given all this, you might well ask why our learned institutions, government departments and media outlets have put so much effort into pretending otherwise. Why, between 2009 and 2014, did Defra spend a whopping £12.5 million on an ocean acidification research programme when the issue could have been resolved, for next to nothing, after a few hours’ basic research?To those of us who have been studying the global warming scare in some detail, the answer is depressingly obvious. It’s because in the last decade or so, the climate change industry has become so vast and all encompassing, employing so many people, it simply cannot be allowed to fail.According to a report last year by Climate Change Business Journal, it’s now worth an astonishing $1.5 trillion — about the same as the online shopping industry. If the scare goes away, then all bets are off, because the entire global decarbonisation business relies on it. The wind parks, the carbon sequestration projects, the solar farms, the biomass plantations — none of these green schemes make any kind of commercial sense unless you buy into the theory that anthropogenic CO2 is catastrophically warming the planet and that radical green measures, enforced by governmental regulation, must be adopted to avert it.It’s no coincidence that the ocean acidification narrative began in the early 2000s — just as it was beginning to dawn on the climate alarmists that global temperatures weren’t going to plan. While CO2 levels were continuing to rise, temperatures weren’t. Hence the need for a fallback position — an environmental theory which would justify the massively expensive and disruptive ongoing decarbonisation programme so assiduously championed by politicians, scientists, green campaigners and anyone making money out of the renewables business. Ocean acidification fitted the bill perfectly.Does this prove that global warming is not a problem? No it doesn’t. What it does do is lend credence to something we much-maligned sceptics have long been saying: that in many environmental fields, the science is being abused and distorted to promote a political and financial agenda. Perhaps it’s about time our supposed ‘conspiracy theories’ were taken more seriously.James Matkin •James is right. "Matt Ridley, too, has been scathing on the topic. In The Rational Optimist he wrote, ‘Ocean acidification looks suspiciously like a back-up plan by the environmental pressure groups in case the climate fails to warm.’ It is dubious science pushed to engender fear. "• The oceans have a huge capacity to resist being destabilised by changes in temperature or composition of the atmosphere. Whenever there is a change, the reactions of other chemicals or life in the sea act to moderate and even reverse those changes. Oceans cover about 71% of the Earth’s surface and the hydrosphere contains over 300 times the mass of gases in the atmosphere. The oceans thus have a huge capacity to buffer any variations in heat content or gas content emanating from the thin veil of atmospheric gases. The effect of man’s supposed 3% contribution to the tiny 0.039% of carbon dioxide in the Earth’s thin atmosphere would not register a long-term effect in the massive oceans." http://carbon-sense.com/201...https://www.spectator.co.uk/2016/04/ocean-acidification-yet-another-wobbly-pillar-of-climate-alarmism/Ocean Acidification – the Castle GhostOcean acidification is like the Castle Ghost – everyone is scared of it but no one has seen it.Dozens of learned articles and millions of media words tell us that ocean acidity has increased alarmingly since man started using carbon fuels. The worry is that the carbon dioxide being generated by man’s industry is dissolving in the ocean thus creating acidic water. And the computer models forecast that, by some future date, sea shells and corals will be dissolved or killed by the acidic ocean and/or the associated global warming.However a close look at the chemistry of the oceans and the evidence provided by past records and present observations reveals that the open ocean is alkaline and never acidic, except locally near active submarine volcanic vents. It is deceptive to suggest that sea life is threatened by “the rising acidity of the oceans”. The oceans are still quite alkaline. Nothing unusual or abnormal has yet been detected. Other conclusions are:The pH of the oceans varies naturally from place to place and time to time, depending on temperatures and the activities of plant and animal life. It is impossible to determine a meaningful figure for “average” ocean acidity (pH). It is also impossible to say with any certainty that average ocean pH has changed because of man’s use of carbon fuels. Such “measurements” are an exercise in guided guess-work. (“What would you like the answer to be?”)It is a myth that acidic waters necessarily kill aquatic life. Rain water is slightly acidic and many fresh water lagoons, swamps and reed beds are also acidic. Nevertheless, aquatic life flourishes in these wetlands.The oceans have a huge capacity resist being destabilised by changes in temperature or composition of the atmosphere. Whenever there is a change, the reactions of other chemicals or life in the sea act to moderate and even reverse those changes. Oceans cover about 71% of the Earth’s surface and the hydrosphere contains over 300 times the mass of gases in the atmosphere. The oceans thus have a huge capacity to buffer any variations in heat content or gas content emanating from the thin veil of atmospheric gases. The effect of man’s supposed 3% contribution to the tiny 0.039% of carbon dioxide in the Earth’s thin atmosphere would not register a long-term effect in the massive oceans.Cold ocean currents from the deep ocean periodically up-well to the surface. These currents are rich in dissolved carbon dioxide and other chemicals and decayed organic matter. Where this cold nutrient-rich water surfaces, there is a staggering profusion of aquatic life.Oceans have an unlimited ability to remove carbon dioxide from their waters and store it in thick beds of shells and corals, limestone, chalk, dolomite, magnesite, siderite, marls, methane hydrate and oil shales. Fresh water swamps and lakes on land have also laid down massive deposits of coal and lignite formed from carbon dioxide extracted from the atmosphere. Many of these deposits were laid down when the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere was far higher than it is today.Carbon dioxide present in the oceans is essential to plant life and current very low levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and the ocean are limiting plant growth. All animal life depends on these plants. Man’s mining and industrial activities are harmlessly recycling some of this valuable carbon dioxide from natural limestones and hydrocarbons buried in the dead lithosphere, back to the living biosphere.Corals are hardy and adaptable and have survived for 500 million years. During that time they have had to cope with warm eras, ice ages, extinction events, eras of massive volcanic activity, dramatic rising and lowering in sea levels and eons of time when levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide were far higher than today.A very recent extensive study of the Great Barrier Reef concluded that the changes forecast under the “business as usual greenhouse gas emissions” were unlikely to cause great harm to the reef.Any change in global temperature or the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere will cause life on land and in the ocean to adjust and adapt. However, on balance, a warmer world with more plant food in the atmosphere and a more vigorous water cycle is very beneficial for the biosphere. The killer climates are associated with ice ages when the atmosphere is cold and dry, the sea levels are much lower and much of Earth’s fresh water is locked up in vast lifeless sheets of ice.There is no justification to use the baseless fear of “acidification of the oceans” as an excuse for a massive dislocation of our transport, food and energy industries. We should instead be focussing on real pollution problems (such as man’s rubbish floating in the oceans) and/or on preparing to cope with real and likely natural disasters (such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, floods, fires, cyclones and droughts).To see a full report on “The Acid Ocean Bogey Man” by Viv Forbes with illustrations and explanations see: http://carbon-sense.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/acid-ocean-bogeyman.pdf [PDF, 1.2 MB]Further reading: http://wattsupwiththat.com/2015/03/25/ocean-acidification-natural-cycles-and-ubiquitous-uncertainties/http://carbon-sense.com/2012/05/13/acid-ocean-bogeyman/The End of the Ocean Acidification Scare for CoralsFollow @co2sciencePaper ReviewedMcCulloch, M.T., D'Olivo, J.P., Falter, J., Holcomb, M. and Trotter, J.A. 2017. Coral calcification in a changing world and the interactive dynamics of pH and DIC upregulation. Nature Communications 8: 15686, DOI:10.1038/ncomms15686.The global increase in the atmosphere's CO2 content has been hypothesized to possess the potential to harm coral reefs directly. By inducing changes in ocean water chemistry that can lead to reductions in the calcium carbonate saturation state of seawater (Ω), it has been predicted that elevated levels of atmospheric CO2 may reduce rates of coral calcification, possibly leading to slower-growing -- and, therefore, weaker -- coral skeletons, and in some cases even death. Such projections, however, often fail to account for the fact that coral calcification is a biologically mediated process, and that out in the real world, living organisms tend to find a way to meet and overcome the many challenges they face, and coral calcification in response to ocean acidification is no exception, as evidenced by findings published in the recent analysis of McCulloch et al. (2017).Writing in the journal Nature Communications, this team of five researchers developed geochemical proxies (δ11B and B/Ca) from Porites corals located on (1) Davis Reef, a mid-shelf reef located east-northeast of Townsville, Queensland, Australia in the central Great Barrier Reef, and (2) Coral Bay, which is part of the Ningaloo Reef coastal fringing system of Western Australia, in order to obtain seasonal records of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and pH of the corals' calcifying fluid (cf) at these locations for the period 2007-2012. And what did those records reveal?As shown in the figure below, coral colonies from both reef locations "exhibit strong seasonal changes in pHcf, from ~8.3 during summer to ~8.5 during winter," which "represents an elevation in pHcf relative to ambient seawater of ~0.4 pH units together with a relatively large seasonal range in pHcf of ~0.2 units." These observations, in the words of McCulloch et al., "are in stark contrast to the far more muted changes based on laboratory-controlled experiments" (as shown in the dashed black line on the figure), which laboratory-based values are "an order of magnitude smaller than those actually observed in reef environments."With respect to DICcf (also depicted in Figure 1), McCulloch et al. report that the "highest DICcf (~ x 3.2 seawater) is found during summer, consistent with thermal/light enhancement of metabolically (zooxanthellae) derived carbon, while the highest pHcf (~8.5) occurs in winter during periods of low DICcf (~ x 2 seawater)."The proxy records also revealed that coral DICcf was inversely related (r2 ~ 0.9) to pHcf. Commenting on this relationship, the marine scientists say it "indicate[s] that the coral is actively maintaining both high (~x 4 to x 6 seawater) and relatively stable (within ± 10% of mean) levels of elevated Ωcf year-round." Or, as they explain it another way, "we have now identified the key functional characteristics of chemically controlled calcification in reef-building coral. The seasonally varying supply of summer-enhanced metabolic DICcf is accompanied by dynamic out-of-phase upregulation of coral pHcf. These parameters acting together maintain elevated but near-constant levels of carbonate saturation state (Ωcf) of the coral's calcifying fluid, the key driver of calcification."The implications of the above findings are enormous, for they reveal that "pHcf upregulation occurs largely independent of changes in seawater carbonate chemistry, and hence ocean acidification," demonstrating "the ability of the coral to 'control' what is arguably one of its most fundamental physiological processes, the growth of its skeleton within which it lives." Furthermore, McCulloch et al. say their work presents "major ramifications for the interpretation of the large number of experiments that have reported a strong sensitivity of coral calcification to increasing ocean acidification," explaining that "an inherent limitation of many of these experiments is that they were generally conducted under conditions of fixed seawater pHsw and/or temperature, light, nutrients, and little water motion, hence conditions that are not conducive to reproducing the natural interactive effects between pHcf and DICcf that we have documented here." Given as much, they conclude that "since the interactive dynamics of pHcf and DICcf upregulation do not appear to be properly simulated under the short-term conditions generally imposed by such artificial experiments, the relevance of their commonly reported finding of reduced coral calcification with reduced seawater pH must now be questioned."And so it appears that alarmist claims of near-future coral reef dissolution, courtesy of the ever-hyped ocean acidification hypothesis, have themselves dissolved away thanks to the seminal work of McCulloch et al. Clearly, the world's corals are much more resilient to changes in their environment than acidification alarmists have claimed them to be.Figure 1. Seasonal time series of coral calcifying fluid pHcf and DICcf. (a) Porites spp. coral calcifying fluid pHcf derived from δ11B systematics for colonies D-2 and D-3 from Davies Reef (18.8°S) in the Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Shading denotes the summer period when pHcf and seawater pHsw values are at a minimum. Dashed line shows pH*cf expected from artificial experimental calibrations (pH*cf = 0.32 pHsw + 5.2) with an order of magnitude lower seasonal range than measured pHcf values. (b) Same as previous for Porites colonies from Coral Bay (CB-1 and CB-2) in the Ningaloo Reef of Western Australia (23.2°S) showing seasonal fluctuations in pHcf and seawater pHsw. The blue shading denotes the anomalously cool summer temperatures in 2010. (c) Enrichments in calcifying fluid DICcf (left axis; coloured circles) derived from combined B/Ca and δ11B systematics together with synchronous seasonal variations in reef-water temperatures (right axis; black line) for Porites colonies from Davies Reef (GBR). The strong temperature/light control on DICcf is consistent with enhanced metabolic activity of zooxanthellae symbionts in summer. (d) Same as previous but for Porites from Coral Bay (Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia). Source: McCulloch et al. (2017).CO2 Science
What are some of the most famous unsolved mysteries?
The ‘Smiley Face Killers,’For the past 20 years, hundreds of college-aged men have disappeared, silently, soundlessly, vanishing without trace, only to be found some time later, dead in the water, but with no water in their lungs. Some are still missing. They usually have no wounds, no trauma, so how did they die?A very sinister and highly disturbing group of killers. Organised, deadly, and always successful, they prey on the young men, selecting them, hunting them, abducting them, and killing them. They are never caught. They are silent, invisible predators who always get away.How are they doing this? Who are they? Why are they doing this?It isn’t stopping; it appears to be escalating... the Smile Face Killers continue....Young college men are vanishing without a trace, only to be found dead; weeks or months later, in remote rivers or creeks, in areas that searched multiple times before; their bodies later discovered there, as though deliberately placed to be found there. Taunting. Deliberate. Sinister and Sadistic.“Nobody will speculate on the disappearances because they don't understand the sinister nature of the world they are living in. This is dark alchemy indeed.”Chris Jenkins missing, found in water.Chris Jenkins mother: “The evil is rampant and deep and widespread. He was tortured, taken to the river and killed. Then his body was taken to a different part of the river and positioned.”Zachary Marr disappeared while out with his cousins at a Bar in Boston. He was not allowed back into the Bar after going outside for a cigarette. The Bar dispute this. Again at the time of writing, the police released a statement saying that they believe the surveillance cameras show him as he enters the ice cold Charles River. It was a cold night in Boston, in February. Why would a young man go down to the River and get into the water? He had only gone outside the Bar to have a quick cigarette.In that same stretch of water, two weeks before Zachary disappeared, Matthew Genovese also disappeared after leaving a bar. His co-workers, who were in the bar with him, said that he did not appear to be intoxicated. On January 23rd, 2016, Matthew was found dead in the Hudson River. Strangely, his billfold was found on the pier beside the water.24 days before this, on December 31st, the body of Northeastern University Dennis Njoroge was found in the river. He had disappeared on November 29th. His body was found in Boston's Charles River on December 31st. Following autopsy and toxicology tests, the city coroner concluded that it was impossible to determine if the young man had drowned by accident or suicide, or if he had “somehow died elsewhere,” and was then placed in the water already dead.The cause and also the manner of the young man’s death was therefore listed as “unknown” and the Boston police stated that they were not going to be investigating it. It was determined by them not to be suspicious; despite the fact that from the Coroner’s report, he could quite easily have been killed and then placed in the water.Again in Boston, on February 8, 2014, graduate Eric Munsell was out celebrating his birthday. Eric was in a bar with friends when he was thrown out by a bouncer because, according to his Mother, he had tripped on his way to the bathroom. His body was discovered in the river two months later, at the same spot he was believed to have entered the water, according to cell phone records. A passer-by had seen his “non-viable” body floating in the water. Why had his body not been seen before? Had he been in the water for 2 months, or not?On Christmas day 2015, the body of Lehman College student Anthony Urena was found dead in the same stretch of water. It was believed his body had drifted from the Harlem River, into the New Jersey side of the Hudson River, where he was recovered. He had last been seen leaving a nightclub in New York City around 5 a.m. He had been missing for six weeks. At this point in time, it is not known if he had been in the water the entire time; or “elsewhere” for some of the time he had been missing.Henry McCabe was found partially submerged in a remote body of water on November 2nd, 2015. He had disappeared on Labor Day, September 7th, 2015, in Minnesota. On the night he disappeared, he left what can only be described as the most haunting, most chilling, and most harrowing voicemail, after he went missing. He is screaming, pleading and growling in raw, animalistic agony. Disturbingly, in the background, is something that sounds mechanical. Even more horrific, a voice then interrupts his screams and calmly tells him, in a cold, emotionless, detached voice, “Stop it.”He was found in the water seven miles from where he was last known to have been on the night he disappeared. His body bore no signs of trauma; and yet it had sounded as though he was being tortured. How does that make any sense? What could have been happening to him on that terrible night?His Mother says, “This is what they did to my son. Someone killed my son. Before Henry died, he was pleading to someone who dropped him in the dark… Henry paid for you to learn the lesson… When he got off from that car in that morning, he had no idea that he was going to die…”She seems to be suggesting here that Henry was ‘delivered’ to his terrible fate; as though he was offered up in some form of sacrifice, in some form of pre-planned killing. Rather bizarrely however, the police, despite his harrowing blood-curdling voicemail, say that they do not think there was any foul play involved. He had been missing for 5 days. Was he a victim of ‘the Smiley Face Killers,’ too?many of them also made very disturbing phone calls just before they died or were taken, and were then found dead, days or weeks later, in bodies of water. What is perplexing, and very worrying, is that none of these cases are being investigated as suspicious.We have the terrible case of Walton Ward. His sister says her brother also died in inexplicable, mysterious and terrible circumstances.“Walton was last seen alive at Landsharks Bar, Indianapolis, with a 'bouncer' at approximately 1:20-1:30 a.m. on October 12, 2012. His last attempt to save his own life was at 1:30 a.m. when he dialled 911 from his Phone for help. His killers interrupted his 911 call and murdered him...He knew he was going to be killed. His desperate call lasted for 1 second, which was just enough to register to the nearest cell phone tower...but it wasn’t not long enough to save his life.”“That was the last time we know him to be alive, until construction workers discovered his body on October 22, floating in the River a few blocks from the bar 10 days after his desperate call to 911 on that night. His phone was found on the bank of the River behind a Restaurant. The police said he must have been 'drunk', 'fallen in' or 'gone swimming' in the dead of winter.”Other victims, who have ended up dead, the same way, have left comments on their facebook or twitter accounts, that also clearly cry out for investigation. Whether overtly or cryptically, some of these victims are in need of help even before they have disappeared. Something very strange, very alarming, and very sinister is going on.In 2011, Mike Shaw wrote of the grief, the anger and the sense of helplessness he felt because he could not save his best friend.01/17/10: Sylvester McCurry Jr., 18, Superior, WI“Sly McCurry did not walk out onto the ice of Lake Superior (Wisconsin) that cold January (2010) winter night and fall through and drown. He was murdered. No one can ever convince me it was anything but murder. He was more than a friend to me. His smile would light up a room. He was always full of life, always happy. He would never have went from the Nightclub to that secluded area alone in 20 degrees below weather, with no coat, and drown. He had no car and after being thrown out of the club via the back door, on the alleged grounds that he was drunk, he was left in the alleyway. Four months later, his body was found in the lake. I was a trained fighter for many years and felt protective over my friends. I have never received closure. His death was ruled “accidental due to cold water immersion.” His scent stopped at the back door of the hotel. Like clockwork, I see this killers strike all over the North-East.”The name ‘The Smiley Face Killers,’ comes from Grafitti found sometimes at or near the scene.College boys are going missing; later to be found drowned. Not all have drowned in the water; some have drowned elsewhere. According to Ret’d NYPD Kevin Gannon, “They have been abducted, held sometimes for an extended amount of time, mentally tortured, killed, and then placed in the water.”It all began over two decades ago when decorated retired NYPD Detectives Kevin Gannon and Anthony Duarte discovered that at least 40 drowning deaths of young college-aged men were connected. Detective Gannon and Professor Lee Gilbertson of St Cloud University, a specialist in Gang Stalking and Domestic Terrorism, took several of these cases, and investigated them. What they found differed exponentially from the original police and coroner reports. They presented their cases in the excellent book:“Case Studies in Drowning Forensics.”At the same time, Emmy Award winning Journalist Kristie Piehl had also discovered this pattern.Smiley Face KillersTodd Geibb, one of the first cases noticed by Kristi Piehl, and retired detectives Kevin Gannon and Anthony Duarte, as having the strange set of circumstances where a young man goes missing, makes a final phone call, and is then found dead in water at a later time period. Todd had left a bonfire party in rural Casnovia, Michigan in June 2005, to go home. At 12.51 a.m he called a friend. He said to them, “I’m in a field,” then his phone cut off.His friend called back but heard either breathing or the wind, but no voice. Further attempts to reach his friend failed. Todd was found three weeks later in a remote bed of water that had been previously searched three times by more than 1500 people. A couple out walking saw his body, sticking half out of the water in an unnatural position, his head and shoulders above the water. It appeared as though he had been placed for a specific reason; as though placed there to be found.An independent pathologist disagrees with the official autopsy; as did two hundred other pathologists. All of these pathologists determined that he did not die in the water and his body had not been in the water for the three weeks he had been missing. He had been dead only from 2-5 days. The original ex-detectives firmly believe they found evidence of very similar cases taking place in other parts of the country, on the same day.What they discovered, by thorough re-examination of the cases, including the use of independent pathologists, presented the most chilling of circumstances; and it has not stopped since then; only grown.Why have they not fought back or struggled? Very often, they have no injuries whatsoever; indicating that they have not struggled, even though they were drowning. The very sinister implication here then is that they were either unconscious or dead when they entered the water. Some even have no water at all in their lungs; yet they have apparently “drowned” in the water.On October 7, 2010, officials confirmed that they had recovered the body of missing Western University Student Dwight Clark, who had vanished 12 days earlier after leaving a party at around 2 a.m. He was discovered about 1 km from the party, in a log lagoon, which was gated and locked. His friends said he did not appear drunk when he left.The official story from law enforcement is always that they have ‘accidentally drowned,’ yet somehow and inexplicably they have often done this in very shallow water. They are, according to the official versions, supposed to have walked miles or many blocks, in the wrong direction, until they reach a remote body of water, and then drowned.Curiously, some of them have been in towns they have never visited until that night, only to be found in remote ponds that they could never have known even existed, nor the route to take to get to them. Alternately, they appear to have scaled fences or other difficult obstacles to get into remote ponds and then drowned in water that is no deeper than a couple of feet.Are there any clues which could help explain what has happened to these young men, and why?Why are many of them found missing one shoe?Why are their cell phones often found beside the river’s edge, again as though purposely placed there?Why have some of their bodies been ‘placed’ into positions which are wholly inconsistent with that of a drowning victim?Why are they later found in places searched multiple times before?Why do many of them make desperate phone calls just moments before something happens to them?Why are some of them in such a state of terror or horror when they phone their parents or friends?Why would their cell phones suddenly go dead after they have said something very disturbing?What are they seeing, in the final moments before their phone is cut off?And where are the missing ones who are never found?I’ve been on a personal hunt for clues and answers for several years now, as an author and researcher…. and some of the answers are more horrifying than any person could reasonably contemplate….“If people knew the depth of this, they would be terrified to be outside at night, whether out in the country or in the city.”“We take what we need and leave. Understand this: This is necessary. Life feeds on life feeds on life feeds on death feeds on life……”An investigation into the Horrifying Case of 'The Smiley Face Killers.’
Besides praying, what can an individual do to assist the 10,000 immigrant families approaching the US border in the coming weeks? Can we all just open our homes to them?
Why not pray for the thousands of American citizens who need assistance. How about the veterans who can’t even receive medical care? How about the inner-city school children who have to duck bullets while they’re going to schools?By all means though, pray for the ILLEGAL aliens who are trying to come ILLEGALLY into the U.S.And if you’d like to open your home, then here’s a partial list just from 2019 of people you might want to offer your home to. Me? I’m horribly selfish because I want NO ONE whom I don’t know, living with me.2019SeptemberIllegal alien Guadalupe Lopez-Herrera was charged by authorities in Merced County, California with various charges, including stalking, burglary, carjacking, assault with a semiautomatic firearm, and attempted murder of a peace officer. On September 1, Lopez-Herrera beat his wife with a pistol and fired off several shots with his children in the house. He fled the scene and, on September 3, shot at and hit Sgt. Clint Landrum in his bullet-proof vest and leg. Two subsequent pursuits, including one which reached speeds of 120 MPH, took place before his arrest.Court documents show the illegal alien was arrested in January on charges of domestic abuse and threatening to kill his wife. He was already on probation for assault with a deadly weapon at the time. He was sentenced to 45 days in jail and 3 years of probation. The fact that he was free to commit further crimes, says Merced Sheriff Vernon Warnke, is a result of California’s sanctuary policies. “We had him in our custody in January of this year. And because of the folks in Sacramento limiting our ability to cooperate with ICE, we could not turn him over.” (Fox News, September 6, 2019; ABC30, September 10, 2019).Alvaro Gutierrez Garcia was driving drunk when he hit an ambulette in Glen Cove, New York, a crash which resulted in the death of 85-year-old retired NYPD officer Denis Motherway. ICE spokeswoman Rachael Yong Yow told the Conservative Review that the agency has lodged a detainer against the Salvadoran national. (Conservative Review, September 6, 2019).AugustPolice in Montgomery County, Maryland, arrested Mauricio Barrera-Navidad and Carlos Palacios-Amaya in August on charges of second-degree rape involving a 12-year-old victim. According to the victim, Barrera-Navidad raped her in July 2018, while Palacios-Amaya allegedly raped her on multiple occasions over the course of several months. The illegal aliens are both in their twenties and friends with the victim’s brother. ICE confirmed that both are El Salvadoran nationals. Barrera-Navidad was issued a final removal order in December 2016; Palacios-Amaya was deported in 2014. (WJLA, August 13, 2019).In August 2019, Salvadoran national Nelson Saul Reyes-Medrano was charged with first-degree rape, sex abuse of a minor, and first-degree assault for crimes that allegedly took place in late August 2018. While living in the same apartment as his victim, the illegal alien crawled into the bed of a teenage girl and brutally raped her at knife-point. ICE has subsequently lodged a detainer on him. (Fox News, August 27, 2019).On August 16, 2019, Honduran national Kevin Mendoza attacked, strangled, and raped a woman in Montgomery County, Maryland and was subsequently charged with first-degree rape, attempted second-degree murder, and first-degree assault. ICE lodged a detainer on Mendoza following his arrest. (WJLA, August 20, 2019).Nestor Lopez-Guzman, an El Salvadoran national, was charged in Montgomery County, Maryland, with two counts of sexual abuse of a minor. He is accused of making multiple, repeated attempts to touch and sexually molest a 12-year-old girl. He also allegedly touched the victim’s younger brother. Arrested on August 18, he was taken into custody by Baltimore ICE officers on August 20, but was released a day later after posting bond. (WTOP, August 29, 2019).Oluwakayode Adewole Adebusuyi, a Nigerian living illegally in Fairfax, Virginia, allegedly raped a female rideshare passenger in Montgomery County, Maryland on August 24. The Nigerian was arrested a week later and charged with rape, assault, and false imprisonment. (FOX5, September 10, 2019)On the afternoon of August 25, 2019, illegal alien Jose Jesus Navarrette attempted to kidnap a young girl from her grandmother’s arms outside a Goodwill store in Greenville County, South Carolina. ICE has a detainer lodged against Navarette, who remains detained with no bond. (FOX Carolina, August 29, 2019).Alejandro Alcala-Ayala, aka Hermelindo Lorenzo Guapillo-Chavaria, was arrested on August 28, 2019, in Sedalia, Missouri on 16 charges, including 10 counts of first-degree child molestation, two counts of statutory sodomy, and one count each of first-degree statutory sodomy. Alcala-Ayala is an illegal alien and ICE has placed a detainer on him. (KSIS, September 1, 2019).JulyAuthorities have arrested seven individuals for the murder of Daniel Alejandro Alvarado Cuellar on July 31, 2019, in Towson, Maryland (Baltimore County). According to ICE, 6 of the 7 criminals are MS-13 gang members and illegal aliens: 5 from El Salvador and one from Mexico. (Conservative Review, September 4, 2019).U.S. Marshals arrested Elmer Giovani Castro, aka Juan Castro, in Ogden, Utah, in July 2019 and subsequently charged him with two counts of sodomy on a child, a first-degree felony, and one count of sex abuse of a child, a second-degree felony. The 41-year old illegal alien plead not guilty in September during a court appearance. Castro, who is friends with the victim’s mother, allegedly abused her on numerous occasions from 2008 to 2015 when she was between the ages of 5 and 12. He was supposed to be removed from the U.S. in August 2010.He remains in Weber County Jail without bail. (2KUTV, August 1, 2019; Standard-Examiner, August 1, 2019)Baudilio Salomon Diaz Ambrocio, a 17-year-old Guatemalan native, so violently raped a 7-year-old girl in Marietta, Georgia that she required hospitalization and surgery. Diaz Ambrocio entered the U.S. in March 2018 and was subsequently released as an unaccompanied minor to a sponsor on the basis of a promise to appear for a November 6 hearing. He was being held without bond and remains the subject of an ICE detainer.An illegal alien from Guatemala, 20-year-old Cesar Chavez (a.k.a. Cesar Augusto Chavez-Niz) sexually assaulted and attempted to rape a 12-year-old girl following Independence Day fireworks near her home in Marietta, Georgia. According to a news reports, she was able to get free several times but Chavez was unrelenting, even holding her against a vehicle and hugging her from behind, touching her chest and thighs and kissing around her mouth and neck. Charged with false imprisonment and child molestation, he remains in jail in ICE custody.On July 16, Marvin Oswaldo Escobar-Orellana shot and killed Rossibeth Flores-Rodriguez and her 11-year-old daughter and 5-year-old son. Escobar-Orellana was a guest in the residence of the family in Des Moines, Iowa. Escobar-Orellana is a twice-deported illegal alien from Guatemala. (Breitbart News, July 19, 2019)On July 18, Andres Fuentes-Castro, a citizen of El Salvador, was arrested by U.S. Marshal’s Service (USMS) and U.S. Border Patrol (USBP) agents on three counts of first degree rape against a child between 2014 and 2016. Fuentes-Castro was initially encountered by the USBP agents in 2007 during a traffic stop in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. However, he was released because of his Temporary Protected Status, which he ultimately failed to update. He also did not return home to El Salvador once his status expired in 2010. (USCBP, July 30, 2019)In late July, Texas prosecutors announced that they are seeking the death penalty for Billy Chemirmir, an alleged serial killer. Chemirmir is charged with killing 12 elderly women, and is accused of murdering 7 additional senior citizens, while working at a nursing home from 2016 to 2018. The Kenyan national had entered the U.S. in 2003 on a B-2 tourist visa, which he overstayed. To avoid deportation as an illegal alien, he took advantage of a loophole allowing him to obtain a green card upon marrying a U.S. citizen. Had Chemirmir been removed after overstaying his visa, and if a loophole allowing illegal aliens to obtain permanent residency did not exist, the nineteen murders may well have been prevented. (Dallas News, July 24, 2019; Breitbart News, August 3, 2019)On July, 22 Los-Angeles-based members of the brutally violent MS-13 gang were arrested and charged with a series of horrific murders which included hacking victims to death with machetes and ripping their hearts out of their chests. At least 14 gang members were illegal aliens – 13 from El Salvador and one from Honduras. According to Breitbart: “In multiple cases, the illegal aliens were ordered to be removed, petitioned to bring relatives to the U.S., were granted or denied work permits, attempted to get asylum, and claimed to be the victims of crimes.” (Breitbart News, July 21, 2019)JuneOn the morning of June 2, Jesus Abraham Gonzalez-Moreno – an illegal alien – killed Keith Kephart in a car crash in Bexar County, Texas. Gonzalez-Moreno was intoxicated when he crossed the yellow line into oncoming traffic, hitting the Kephart family SUV. (News4SA, June 5, 2019)On June 7, Victor Garcia, a previously-deported illegal alien from Mexico, chased Jesus Velazquez through a Phoenix, Arizona parking lot shooting him repeatedly before firing fatal shots into him while he was on the ground. Garcia served 6 years in prison for aggravated assault in 2011, but was released in June 2017. He was charged with first-degree murder.On June 8, illegal alien Victor H. Ortiz was heavily intoxicated when he drove into oncoming traffic killing Barbara Gaulke and Sandra Forscht in Grayslake, Illinois. After the deadly crash, he was arrested while riding on a charter bus bound for Guatemala on June 29.Areli Aguirre-Avilez, a citizen of Mexico was charged with three counts of first-degree murder and one count of first-degree arson related to the murder of Maria Calderon’s two children – 12-year-old America D. Pacheco and 11-year-old Angel E. Pacheco. On June 15, firefighters responded to a burning home in North Carolina, where they found the bodies of the two children of Aguirre-Avilez’s ex-wife, who is missing and believed to be dead. A grand jury also indicted him on one count of statutory rape of a child age 15 or younger and violation of a domestic violence order with a deadly weapon. Authorities believe two more people, the mother’s boyfriend and friend, Jose Carlos Mendez and Luis Fernando Sanchez, may also be victims.On June 16, Francisco Carranza-Ramirez assaulted a disabled and wheelchair-bound woman, whom he previously raped in 2018, in front of her 3-year-old son before fleeing to his native Mexico. The assault occurred days after he was released from a King County (Washington state) jail where he was supposed to serve a 12-month sentence. Although the judge asked that Carranza Ramirez be ordered to return to Mexico upon his release, he was not removed by ICE because King County is a sanctuary jurisdiction. Carranza-Ramirez entered an Alford plea to a third-degree rape charge in February, which is akin to admitting a jury would likely find him guilty. The June attack, according to the victim, involved the illegal alien dumping her out of her wheelchair and then choking her until she could not breathe – all in front of her son who was screaming, crying, and begging the attacker not to kill his mother. Carranza Ramirez, who beat and attempted to strangle the woman to death, was eventually pulled off of the victim by a passerby and fled the scene. The woman suffered cuts, bruises, swelling to the head, and a seizure. Warrants for the rapist remain active.On June 22, an illegal alien from Honduras, Jose Rodriguez, killed Corey Cottrell in a car crash in Bloomington, Illinois. The hit-and-run crash left Cottrell’s two daughters, ages 11 and 14, without a father. An expedited removal order was issued by Border Patrol agents in April 2013, and in March 2014 an immigration judge ordered him to be removed in absentia. Illinois and Bloomington are both sanctuary jurisdictions. At his July arraignment hearing, a judge ordered his bail be raised to $1 million and that he be held in custody.MayIn early May, Ismael Huazo-Jardinez, a Mexican national, crashed his car into a trailer home in Sutter County, California killing a ten-year-old boy and his parents. Huazo-Jardinez, who had been deported twice before, was drunk when the crash occurred. He was indicted by a federal grand jury in June on two counts of being in possession of a firearm while in the U.S. illegally. He also faces state crimes associated with the crash. (Fox News, June 14, 2019).On May 19, Marco Cobos – an illegal alien from Mexico – repeatedly stabbed and killed Etta Nugent, a mother of three and grandmother of six, after forcing his way into her home. The gruesome murder occurred in Houston, Texas. Cobos stole Nugent’s car, $560 in cash, and three credit cards. (Breitbart News, May 24, 2019).AprilIn mid-April, two MS-13 gang members, Josue Rafael Fuentes-Ponce and Joel Ernesto Escobar, (along with another teenage girl) beat 14-year-old Ariana Funes-Diaz with a baseball bat before stabbing her to death in Prince George’s County, Maryland.In 2018, Fuentes-Ponce and Escobar, both Salvadoran nationals, were released from custody by Prince George’s County officials after being charged with multiple criminal offenses, including attempted first-degree murder, attempted second-degree murder, participation in gang activity, conspiracy to commit murder, and attempted robbery. The sanctuary county previously ignored an ICE detainer and released the pair leaving them free to commit the horrific crime in question. (WJLA, May 21, 2019)On April 2, Miguel Martinez was arrested in Louisiana on 100 counts of possession of pornography of children under the age of 13, one count of production of child pornography, and one count of sexual battery of a child under the age of 13. Martinez, an illegal alien, was deported in 2005 and remains a registered sex offender in California, a sanctuary state.On April 3, 2019, thirteen-year-old Mariana Pérez Borroto was struck and killed by an illegal alien from Argentina while riding her bicycle to school in Kissimmee, Florida. The suspect, Micaela Coronel, had overstayed a work visa and was driving without a license. ICE has placed a detainer on Coronel so she will be deported regardless of whether there is a conviction.Illegal alien Laura Rosas killed Emmanuel Ramirez by running him over twice with her vehicle outside of the OK Corral nightclub in Fort Worth, Texas, on April 8, 2019. Rosas has been charged with murder and is being held on a $200,000 bond. ICE has also placed a detainer on her.Juan Francisco, an illegal alien from Guatemala, killed Debbie Burgess in a hit-and-run in Knoxville, Tennessee, on April 8. Francisco’s criminal history includes a 2017 DUI conviction, a 2004 reckless driving charge, and a 2002 theft charge. Despite a 2002 warrant stating is illegal status, Francisco was never deported. As of this writing, Francisco is still being sought by the authorities.On April 12, 2019, illegal Honduran alien Carlos Zuniga-Aviles kicked his girlfriend’s four-month-old son to death in Memphis, Tennessee. Zuniga-Aviles reportedly killed the infant, Alexander Lizondro-Chacon, because the boy was fathered by another man. The illegal alien had been deported from the U.S. five times (in 2010, 2011, 2012, 2015, and December 2016).MarchTwice deported from his native Honduras, Jorge Rios-Doblado stalked and brutally beat, raped, and drowned a Caroline Cano, who was out jogging in Jersey City’s Lincoln Park on March 24, 2019. Cano was originally from Peru and worked as a nanny.The ICE office in Newark, New Jersey, stated its intent to take “custody of Rios-Doblado at the conclusion of his criminal proceedings, despite limited cooperation in the state.” The ICE office in Newark, New Jersey, stated its intent to take “custody of Rios-Doblado at the conclusion of his criminal proceedings, despite limited cooperation in the state.”In Kittitas County (Washington state), Sheriff’s Deputy Ryan Thompson was killed in the line of duty by Juan Manuel Flores Del Toro, an illegal alien living in the U.S. illegally after overstaying his H-2A visa in 2014. Del Toro led officers on a car pursuit before eventually pulling over and then opening fire at Deputy Thompson and his partner, Deputy Benito Chavez. The illegal alien subsequently died but not before killing the father of three and injuring his partner.A native of Guatemala, Domingo Francisco Marcos killed Sonya Jones, a mother of two, in a hit-and-run collision. Jones was a teacher at the Living Word Christian Center Kingdom Academy in Mobile, Alabama. Marcos sought asylum after entering the U.S. illegally and was released in 2017 with the promise to appear for his court date. He was consequently denied asylum and ordered deported, but was not removed from the country.On March 21, Mexican national Ramon Hector Martine Ontiveros killed Paige Lane Gomer in a shooting. According to police, Ontiveros admitted to shooting Gomer, who left behind a two-year-old daughter, but the investigation is ongoing.FebruaryIn late February 2019, an El Salvadoran national and admitted gang member, Carlos Eduardo Arevalo Carranza, stalked, then broke into the San Jose (California) home of Bambi Larson, and stabbed her to death in her own bedroom. Arevalo Carranza, who sneaked back into the country after being arrested in Texas for an attempted illegal entry in 2013, had a lengthy record including a drug arrest one month before the murder. ICE filed three detainers in 2016 with the Los Angeles Police Department and six subsequent detainers with the Santa Clara jail but, as a consequence of sanctuary policies, none were honored. He remains in custody without bond.Luis Pacheco, a 27-year-old illegal, was arrested for beating his two-week-old son to potential death in Texas.Napa County Sheriff’s Deputy Riley Jarecki narrowly avoided death at the hands of Javier Hernandez Morales, a 48-year-old illegal alien from Mexico. Morales, who was killed in a shootout with the police officer, had a long criminal history and had been deported multiple times. In addition, ICE had issued detainers for Morales in 2014, 2015, and 2016, but none were honored by the local California jail staff.A court in northern Texas sentenced 37-year-old illegal alien, Roli Lopez-Sanchez, to 60 years in prison – with no possibility of parole – for raping and impregnating an 11-year-old girl.JanuaryWilber Ernesto Martinez-Guzman, a 19-year-old illegal alien from El Salvador, was arrested and charged with the murder of four elderly American citizens, whom he also robbed, including numerous guns, in NevadaA Honduran illegal alien, Hector Montez (31), was arrested in California for raping and impregnating a 14-year-old girl he had met online. Montez had been arrested twice for illegally entering the United States.