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What's a "rookie mistake" that new bosses often make?
Virtually (if not all) of the answers you have so far go right where I thought of immediately upon reading the question.I’ll just give an example. The first time I had employees, I had two full-timers. One of the major reasons I suggested to my boss that I be made the manager of that subsidiary business is because of the way these guys were acting. The behavior was going on when I wasn’t really their boss; I was a manager of sorts, but they didn’t directly report to me.It continued after I was made their manager, and when they were my direct reports.One of the guys was just out of high school, so several years younger than I was. The other guy was about ten years older than I was.Business was very slow (due to lack of management, direction; general neglect). So, these two guys didn’t always have much to do, if you looked at their job descriptions and then compared those with our lack of orders. — That, of course, didn’t mean there was nothing for them to be doing.It certainly didn’t mean that they should be sitting in a concrete mixer truck, which got about 7 miles to the gallon of diesel, listening to music on a ’90s model jambox while the heater was running. — They did that because the truck had no radio and the batch plant office had no air conditioning or heating. In the winter, it got very cold in there. The only source of heat was, aside from setting themselves on fire, from running one of the big trucks.Like I said, it was this behavior trend, which I’d noticed, that prompted me to suggest I take over managing the plant, as I was (on paper) educated to run a business. No experience yet with the niche of the business, but I had the book-smarts part of general business administration down.At this meager time, one of the guys was a commercial driver. The other guy was a batch plant operator, and he did inventory and made suggestions about when more inventory needed to be obtained or ordered. — I had in-house haul truck drivers, who would go pick up rock and sand, which we could handle ourselves, but I’ll leave them out of it, for simplicity’s sake, other than to say that they would drive and drive, and give me enough rock and sand to pave paradise when I was basically selling nothing. → Not your optimal cashflow decisionmaking, but that’s a different story.They were doing their jobs! — if, though, a little too often.I was not a commercial driver; I did not have a CDL. However, I’d been driving manual transmission vehicles since I first got my learner’s permit, so I sought to bond with the concrete driver by having him show me how to work the big trucks — just around the plant yard. Not on the roadway, of course.I had little intention of ever using the skill of how to drive a giant diesel truck, but it gave the driver the opportunity to teach me something. He enjoyed that, and I surely would need, eventually, to know how the trucks basically operated (e.g., if one acquired a mechanical problem, how I should react to that).Similarly, I had the plant operator/batch person teach me how to make concrete using the control console. He showed me how to do inventory, and I taught him how he could make his life easier (and his recordkeeping more precise) by using Excel spreadsheets. — He taught me something, and I taught him something.Teambuilding, you know.The rookie mistake is the thought that firing people is always on the table. — After years of doing this, firing people was usually the last thing on my mind, unless they did certain unforgivable things.I mean, if a driver showed up drunk and refused to submit to a drug and alcohol test, I might have no choice. — However, that never happened. — Men and women who make their living based on their ability to maintain a certain class of commercial driver’s license (CDL) tend not to have drug and alcohol problems.That is not a blanket statement; it is merely my experience with it. — If they are to have a vice, it will be women (or men). Sex.The concrete truck driver, despite our bonding, realized that I was coming over often, and I was taking note of what was going on. If he wanted that heater blaring, then he probably should be driving the truck somewhere. So, he’d go to our in-house mechanics. Or, he’d go to the fuel station, which served food, and “top off” his tank with $2 worth of diesel. Or, he’d go home “to shit”.Then, there was the time one of the construction foremen needed him to move some heavy equipment, but I couldn’t find him; no one could. I drove to the shop to see if he was there, and the foreman drove to the plant to see if he was out back pre-tripping one of the tractor-trailer combos. — Problem was… one of the tractors was rocking back and forth.Parked in a hidden manner in between that truck and another one was a late-model compact car. Probably something a lady would drive.I get a call from the foreman who says, “You’ll never believe this.” — I could hear him honking his truck’s horn — honk honk honk honk — honkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk — and, laughing about it.To him, it was obvious that the driver was having a rendezvous in the sleeper cab of that truck with a lady of little dignity. And, his course of action was just going to honk honk honk at them until they stopped, or finished — so that they could then get on with work.This foreman had much more experience supervising people and managing operations than I did. → His reaction was to make a joke out of it and continuously prompt the guy to finish up already, so that work could continue.I, on the other hand, was furious. — It was embarrassing to me. Not that they were dirtying up that sleeper cab tractor; it was filthy to begin with. — Because it seemed like I had no control over my employees, and I mean — I didn’t have that many!My thought: I’ll have to fire him.That is a rookie thought.At the time, I really didn’t have the independent authority to fire people. The suggestions I made regarding hiring and firing were influential to people who could hire and fire, which has legal implications about the type of manager I was becoming. — It’s one of the characteristics of an executive.As I drove back to the plant to make sure the driver was hustling to get set up to move equipment, and to make sure that the nice lady was getting the heck off my property, I called my boss, the President of the corporation, and told him, “We can’t have this behavior. I’m going to have to fire him.”Knowing nothing about what had happened, I retold the story, and when I got just a bit into it — that the sleeper cab truck was rocking back and forth, he began laughing out loud.He really wasn’t a person who laughed very much; it had to be something special for him to find it funny. He also had 30+ years of experience running businesses; and, obviously, if this was his reaction, firing the guy was not going to be what he expected to be done.He instructed me to ask the driver how long he had not been working, and to dock his time for whatever length of time that was. — We’d just consider it “a break”.That made the driver mad, for some reason — that his pay would get docked —, but I guess he had the choice of not getting paid to have sex on the job, or to be fired on the spot by me. He chose the former.So, in the beginning, it seemed like firing people was just what managers had to do sometimes. Firing people was a normal thing in the course of personnel management.That is such a rookie thought process.Over the years, whether dealing with operations staff or office staff, I don’t think I’ve ever fired anybody. — I’ve been accused of firing people, by people who quit.In some cases, if a person had not read the proverbial writing on the wall, I would’ve had to fire some people, but they all quit before I had to do it.It’s not because I was manipulating people into quitting. — It’s because, through already having earned the loyalty of those who work for you, and then — if you have to — pointing out the pickle you’ve been put in by the words and actions of these people — they realize, on their own, that they have effectively already quit their jobs.All I was doing was pointing it out for them to acknowledge it. — And, in most cases, I’m able to remain friendly with them thereafter.As an example, I had a commercial driver who’d also learned the batch plant operator position. Neither job is really more sophisticated than the other, but one who seems to control the plant can get it in his head that he has moved up.In reality, what he is doing is just an illusion. He’s been given batch designs (“recipes”) and pricing templates — by me. He has materials on the yard and in the silos, because of me. “He” has staff, because I hired them. There are trucks there, because I keep them in working order and, as necessary, take one or more out of service and buy new ones.I am the person in control of the process, even when I’m not there. — I’ve seen a concrete truck driver have to spend over 4 hours next to a portapotty that hadn’t been emptied in over a month (at least) — directly next to it — in 100-deg weather — such that when he got back, I asked, “What in the heck is that smell?”He’d become nose-blind to it, but it was in his clothes; in his pores. → If you had the choice to go sit by the portapotty, as a driver, or to sit in the air-conditioned batch plant office, which job would you want? — Some people can be cross-trained, but if your math and computer skills are poor, you can’t be trained beyond the truck.Oh, and for people paying attention: I had one of the construction foremen install a window unit with heat and a/c one summer when my boss, the President, was on vacation. — After a couple of years of that BS (not having one), I rebelled and made an executive decision. Of course, by then, I was the CFO of the corporation, as well.I was about to go on vacation, for basically the second time in 4 years (I never took off from work, ever — in the beginning), I told the cross-trained guy that I’d need him to be the batch person while I was gone.He balked. — He told me that he liked me just fine, but that he couldn’t stand our boss (he meant the President); he thought he was a sorry excuse for a human being.If I wasn’t going to be there, and concrete needed to be batched, then the President would just have to come over and do it, because he wasn’t going to. — He was not going to do anything to help our boss out.As a new boss, you might think that this person should be fired on the spot. He was being insubordinate to me. I mean, I’d already cross-trained him, and now he was telling me what he would do and what he wouldn’t do.What’s the deeper insight, here?He just admitted that his work, his work ethic, his job, the purpose of his job — whatever those were, in his mind — were anti-aligned with those of the leader of the corporation and all of its subsidiaries, of which the plant was one.In order to be the CFO of the corporation, I had to have the President’s wishes at heart; I had to support them. I could gripe, but — in the end — if I couldn’t support his decisions, I could not act in a fiduciary capacity for the corporation.As the manager of one of its subsidiaries, I still had to support the direction the company was going in, as it pertained to the President of the mother corporation.This guy — the driver/batch person — had to support the direction I wanted the company to go in, as the CFO of the corporation and as the manager of the plant.Doing that alone, for him, was not enough. — He also had to do the same and have similar respect for the most senior executive and manager, the President of the corporation.Whether it’s the Board of Directors (BOD), or the Chief Executive Officer (CEO), or the President, or the Owner, these are the faces of the corporation, company, or nonprofit. — They set the ultimate strategy all others who work there must follow.If this guy was unwilling to follow this most basic algorithm, then he’d effectively quit his job. You can follow the ways the word quit can be used.Two people are in a relationship. One then says, “I quit you.”Well, that’s the end of the relationship.I did nothing more than point out, “If you cannot support the whims of my boss, then I don’t know how I, or anybody else here, can be your boss.”It made sense to him, and he quit immediately.I didn’t have to fire him. — It was just a matter of having him see that what he was saying meant — though, he might have been reluctant to acknowledge it (e.g., he had a family to feed) — he’d just quit his job.It’s possible that expressing this to him, in this way, would have jolted him and made him realize that he didn’t want to quit, and thus, he would faithfully execute what I’d asked him to do, in my absence, and to have a discussion with my boss, in which he would have, in my opinion, been able to keep his job. I’m certain of that.But, that’s not what happened. — He quickly acknowledged that he no longer wanted his job and he left without it.He didn’t have to say, “I quit.” And, I didn’t have to say, “You’re fired.”The reality of the situation was obvious — to both of us.Perhaps, I had to point out to him what he was doing, because he was reluctant to point it out to himself, but whatever had been brewing in his head had been doing so for quite some time. — This was something coming to a head; it was not some capricious reaction.Inexperienced bosses, or bad bosses — regardless of how long they’ve been in the position —, don’t know their employees. They don’t know how they, and their employees, fit into the overall mechanism that is the business.You want to use your authority to show that you have it. Thus, you fire someone who is quitting.A good, experienced boss should be able to anticipate what their employees are feeling, and outright termination for-cause is something, hopefully, that you know only from a textbook.If somebody is talking on his phone, while simultaneously texting, driving, having sex, and drinking Molotov cocktails, and in the process runs over your Granny and she perishes, and then that person shows up for work the next day, professing a desire to keep his job while refusing to submit to any kind of drug and alcohol testing and alleging he was not driving at the time all of this happened, despite plenty of eyewitnesses, go ahead and fire that person.A hyperbolic case, no doubt. — They don’t come up very often.If the issue seems less obvious than that, step back and question whether you should be making a termination decision at that moment, especially when others (e.g., coworkers, lateral managers) are telling you that is what you should do.I’ve suspended a guy, without pay, for a week, before — expecting him to quit. Not wishing, just expecting. — He came back.He continued his behavior, and I then suspended him for a month, without pay; surely, he’d quit. — Not wishing, just expecting.He came back. — That seems like ridiculous behavior on behalf of the manager. After all these years, now — to me — it doesn’t seem uncommon at all.His offense had been, both times, screaming at me in a demeaning manner and acting a fool around his coworkers. — Not acceptable. It made me not want to go to the very plant that I was in charge of.So, I told him to take a proverbial hike, and come back in a week, or a month, respectively, if he still wanted his job. And, of course, he could not treat me like that anymore.It was always his choice whether to come back. — That may seem like a statement tailor-made for this guy and this situation.Not at all. → It’s always our choice — even mine — even the President’s — to come back, after any length of time, if one still wants his (or her) job!
In how many ways has Israel helped the world?
MathematicsJohnson–Lindenstrauss lemma, a mathematical result concerning low-distortion embeddings of points from high-dimensional into low-dimensional Euclidean space contributed by Joram Lindenstrauss.Development of the measurement of rigidity by Elon Lindenstrauss in ergodic theory, and their applications to number theory.Proof of Szemerédi's theorem solved by Hillel FurstenbergExpansion of axiomatic set theory and the ZF set theory by Abraham Fraenkel.Development of the area of automorphic forms and L-functions by Ilya Piatetski-Shapiro.Development of Sauer–Shelah lemma and Shelah cardinal.Development of the first proof of the alternating sign matrix conjecture.Development of Zig-zag product of graphs, a method of combining smaller graphs to produce larger ones used in the construction of expander graphs by Avi Wigderson.Development of Bernstein–Sato polynomial and proof of the Kazhdan–Lusztig conjectures by Joseph BernsteinGeneralization of the marriage theorem by obtaining the right transfinite conditions for infinite bipartite graphs. He subsequently proved the appropriate versions of the Kőnig theorem and the Menger theorem for infinite graphs by Ron Aharoni.Development of the Amitsur–Levitzki theorem by Shimshon Amitsur.ScienceChemistryModel of quasicrystals, discovered by Nobel prize winner Dan Shechtmanof the TechnionDiscovery of quasicrystals by Dan Shechtman of the Technion. The discovery led him to receive the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.Discovery of the role of protein Ubiquitin by Avram Hershko and Aaron Ciechanover of the Technion Institute (together with the American biologist Irwin Rose). The discovery led them to receive the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.Development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems by Arieh Warshel and Michael Levitt of the Weizmann Institute of Science (presently at University of Southern California and Stanford University, respectively), together with the Austrian-born American chemist Martin Karplus. The discovery led them to receive the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.PhysicsPrediction of Quarks by Yuval Ne'eman of Tel Aviv University (together with the American physicist Murray Gell-Mann).Discovery of the Aharonov–Bohm effect by Yakir Aharonov and David Bohm.Formulation of Black holes Entropy by Jacob Bekenstein of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.OpticsWorld's smallest video camera – a camera with a 0.99 mm (0.039 in) diameter, designed to fit in a tiny endoscope designed by Medigus.Development of the "Pillcam" by Given Imaging, the first Capsule endoscopy solution to record images of the digestive tract. The capsule is the size and shape of a pill and contains a tiny camera.This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "List of Israeli inventions and discoveries" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (September 2017)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)Line free single power bicentric prismatic spectacle lens for correction of anisometropia. Sydney J. Bush UK patent no. 1539381.MedicinePillcam endoscopic capsule developed by Given ImagingEshkol-Wachman Movement Notation – a notation system for recording movement on paper that has been used in many fields, including dance, physical therapy, animal behavior and early diagnosis of autism.Development of Azilect, a drug for Parkinson's disease, by Moussa Youdim and John Finberg from the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, and commercialized by Teva Pharmaceutical Industries.Development of the Copaxone immunomodulator drug for treating multiple sclerosis. It was developed in the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel by Michael Sela, Ruth Arnon and Deborah Teitelbaum.Development of the Interferon proteins by Michel Revel from the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel.Development of taliglucerase alfa (Elelyso), a recombinant glucocerebrosidase enzyme produced from transgenic carrot cell cultures. Taliglucerase alfa won approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in May 2012 as an orphan drug for the treatment of Type 1 Gaucher's disease.Development of Chimeric Antigen ReceptorDevelopment of PrePex, a non-surgical male circumcision device, intended to halt the spread of AIDS in Africa.EconomicsWork of Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem explaining irrational human economic choices. The work led Daniel to receive the Nobel Prize in Economics.Developments in Game theory. Israel Aumann of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem received the Nobel Prize in Economics for his work in this field.The Rubinstein bargaining model, one of the most influential findings in game theory, refers to a class of bargaining games that feature alternating offers through an infinite time horizon. The proof is from Ariel Rubinstein 1982.BiotechnologyNanowire – a conductive wire made of a string of tiny particles of silver, a thousand times thinner than a human hair. Developed by Uri Sivan, Erez Braun and Yoav Eichen from the Technion.World's smallest DNA computing machine system – "the smallest biological computing device" ever constructed, according to Guinness Book of Records, which is composed of enzymes and DNA molecules capable of performing simple mathematical calculations and which uses its input DNA molecule as its sole source of energy. Developed in 2003 in the Weizmann Institute of Science by professor Ehud Shapiro and his team.Theoretical computer scienceThe concept of nondeterministic finite automatons, introduced by Michael O. RabinAmir Pnueli introduced temporal logic into computing scienceLempel–Ziv–Welch algorithm, a universal lossless data compression algorithm created by Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv of the Technion institute, together with the American Information theorist, Terry Welch.RSA public key encryption, introduced by Adi Shamir with Ron Rivest, and Leonard AdlemanDifferential cryptanalysis, co-invented by Adi ShamirShamir's Secret Sharing, invented by Adi ShamirComputingUSB flash drive, originally marketed as the DiskOnKeyUSB flash drive – a flash memory data storage device integrated with a USB interface. The Israeli company M-Systems (in partnership with IBM) developed and manufactured the first USB flash drives available in North America. This claim is challenged by multiple companies in the following four countries who also independently developed USB technology: Singapore (Trek Technology), the People's Republic of China (PRC) (Netac Technology) and the Republic of China (Taiwan). See USB Flash drive § Patent controversy.The Intel 8088 – the first PC CPU from IBM that was designed in Israel, at Intel's Haifa laboratory.Quicktionary Electronic dictionary – a pen-sized scanner able to scan words or phrases and immediately translate them into other languages, or keep them in memory in order to transfer them to the PC. Developed by the company Wizcom Technologies Ltd.Laser Keyboard – virtual keyboard is projected onto a wall or table top and allows to type handheld computers and cell phones. Developed simultaneously by the Israeli company Lumio and Silicon Valley startup company Canesta. The company subsequently licensed the technology to Celluon of Korea.TDMoIP (TDM over IP) − in telecommunications, the emulation of time-division multiplexing (TDM) over a packet switched network (PSN), developed by engineers at RAD Data Communicationsthe first Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) based PC to Phone software solution – developed by VocalTec.Computer and mobile softwareBabylon, a single-click computer translation, dictionary and information source utility program, developed by Amnon Ovadia.GetTaxi, an application that connects between customers and taxi drivers using the its proprietary GPS system, enabling users to order a cab either with their smartphone or through the company's website. It was founded by Israeli entrepreneurs Shahar Waiser and Roi More.ICQ, an Instant Messaging software developed initially in 1996 by the Israeli company Mirabilis and later procured by AOL.Mobileye, vision-based advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) providing warnings for collision prevention and mitigation. Many companies developing autonomous vehicles, such as BMW, rely on Mobileye's technology.OrCam MyEye, is a portable, artificial vision device that allows the visually impaired to understand text and identify objects through audio feedback describing what such people are unable to see.Umoove, a high-tech startup company that invented a software only solution for face and eye tracking is located in Israel.Viber, a proprietary cross-platform instant messaging voice-over-Internet Protocol application for smartphones. Developed by American-Israeli entrepreneur Talmon Marco, Viber reached 200 million users in May 2013.Waze, a GPS-based geographical navigation application program for smartphones with GPS support and display screens, which provides turn-by-turn information and user-submitted travel times and route details, downloading location-dependent information over the mobile telephone network. Waze Ltd., which was founded in 2008 in Israel by Uri Levine, software engineer Ehud Shabtai and Amir Shinar, and is now available in over 100 countries, was acquired by Google for a reported $1.1 billion.WeCU (pronounced 'We See You') Technologies, is a technology able to pickup, analyze, and identify people in real time. WeCU is being implemented in airports around the world to help identify potential terrorists.Wix.comRoboticsReWalk a bionic walking assistance system that enables paraplegics to stand upright, walk and climb stairs.Development of robotic guidance system for spine surgery by Mazor Robotics.DefenseIMI Tavor TAR-21IMI Tavor TAR-21 is an Israeli bullpup assault rifle.The Uzi submachine gun was developed by Maj. Uziel Gal in the 1950s.Python a short-range air-to-air missile.Desert Eagle a short range pistol.Protector USV is an unmanned surface vehicle, developed by the Rafael Advanced Defense Systems. It is the first of its kind to be used in combat.Iron Dome – a mobile air defense system in development by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and Israel Aircraft Industries designed to intercept short-range rockets and artillery shells. On April 7, 2011, the system successfully intercepted a Grad rocket launched from Gaza, marking the first time in history a short-range rocket was ever intercepted. The Iron Dome was later utilized more fully in the Israeli-Gaza conflict of 2012, where it displayed a very high rate of efficiency (95%–99%) in intercepting enemy projectiles. Further production of the Iron Dome system will be financed and supported by the United States government.Arrow 3 is an anti-ballistic missile defense system capable of shooting down ICBMs and other long range missiles.David's Sling is an air defense system capable of intercepting enemy planes, drones, tactical ballistic missiles, medium- to long-range rockets and cruise missiles. Along with Arrow 3 and the Iron Dome, it makes up Israel's defense "umbrella."MUSIC (Multi Spectral Infrared Countermeasure) – a system that counter surface-to-air heat-seeking missiles. It is manufactured by Elbit Systems.MagnoShocker – combines a metal detector and a taser to immediately neutralize a dangerous person, developed by the mathematician Amit Weissman and his colleagues Adir Kahn and Zvi Jordan.Wall radar – a unique radar utilizing Ultra Wide Band (UWB) to allow users to see through walls. Developed by the Israeli company Camro.Injured Personnel Carrier on YouTube A unique evacuation method developed by Israeli company Agilite Gear, comprises a strap allowing you to carry the wounded person on your back.The Emergency Bandage is a first field dressing which can be applied and secured with one hand to prevent bleeding from battlefield injuries.Agriculture and breedingGolden hamster – first domesticated for pet use by a Hebrew University of Jerusalem zoologist in 1930Drip irrigation systems – The huge worldwide industry of modern drip irrigation all began when Israeli engineer Simcha Blass noticed a tree growing bigger than its neighbors in the Israeli desert, and found that it was fed by a leaking water pipe. Netafim, the company founded in 1965 to commercialize his idea, is recognized as the worldwide pioneer in smart drip- and micro-irrigation. It has revolutionized the agricultural industry.Hybrid cucumber seeds – In the 1950s, Prof. Esra Galun of the Weizmann Institute developed hybrid seed production of cucumbers and melons, disease-resistant cucumbers and cucumbers suitable for mechanical harvesting. Galun and his colleagues invented a technique for producing hybrid cucumber seeds without hand pollination.Grain cocoons – invented by international food technology consultant Professor Shlomo Navarro, the GrainPro Cocoons provide a simple and cheap way for African and Asian farmers to keep their grain market-fresh, as huge bags keep both water and air out, making sure the harvest is clean and protected even in extreme heat and humidity.Biological pest control – invented in Kibbutz Sde Eliyahu by a company called Bio-Bee, it breeds beneficial insects and mites for biological pest control and bumblebees for natural pollination in greenhouses and open fields. The company's top seller worldwide and especially in the U.S. is a two-millimeter-long, pear-shaped orange spider that is a highly efficient enemy of the spider mite, a devastating agricultural pest.AKOL – a Kibbutz-based company which gives low-income farmers the ability to get top-level information from professional sources.Reusable plastic trays – a Tal-Ya Water Technologies invention used to collect dew from the air, reducing the need to water crops by up to 50 percent."Zero-discharge" system – an invention of the Israeli GFA company which allows fish to be raised virtually anywhere by eliminating the environmental problems in conventional fish farming, without being dependent on electricity or proximity to a body of water.TraitUP – a new technology that enables the introduction of genetic materials into seeds without modifying their DNA, immediately and efficiently improving plants before they're even sowed. It was developed by Hebrew University agricultural scientists Ilan Sela and Haim D. Rabinowitch.Judean date palm – oldest seed ever to be revived, restoring an extinct cultivarThe Tomaccio cherry tomato was developed by several Israeli laboratories, the dominant ones being those led by Professor Nahum Keidar and Professor Chaim Rabinovitch from the Agriculture Faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot Campus.EnergySuper iron battery – A new class of a rechargeable electric battery based on a special kind of iron. More environment friendly because the super-iron eventually rusts, it was developed by Stuart Licht. of the University of Massachusetts.Consumer goods and appliancesEpilatorEpilator (originally "Epilady") – an electrical device used to remove hair by mechanically grasping multiple hairs simultaneously and pulling them out. It was developed and originally manufactured at Kibbutz HaGoshrim.Wonder Pot – a pot developed for baking on the stovetop rather than in an oven.Micronized coating instant hot water pipes developed by A.C.T.GamesRummikubRummikub – a tile-based game for two to four players invented by Ephraim Hertzano.Hidato – a logic puzzle game invented by mathematician Gyora Benedek.Taki – an Israeli card game invented by Haim Shafir.Mastermind – an Israeli board game invented by Mordecai Meirowitz.Guess Who? – a two-player guessing game invented by Theo & Ora Coster (a.k.a. Theora Design).Food and drinkPtitim, also called Israeli couscous worldwide, is a wheat-based baked pasta. It was initially invented during the austerity period in Israel when Rice and Semolina were scarce.Safed cheese or Tzfat cheese is a semi-hard, salty cheese produced in Israel from sheep's milk. It was first produced by the Hameiri dairy in Safed in 1840 and is still produced there by descendants of the original cheese makers.Jerusalem mixed grill is a grilled meat dish considered a specialty of Jerusalem. It consists of chicken hearts, spleens and livers mixed with bits of lamb cooked on a flat grill, seasoned with onion, garlic, juniper berries, black pepper, cumin, turmeric and corianderSabich is a sandwich, consisting of a pita stuffed with fried eggplant and hard-cooked eggs. Local consumption is said to have stemmed from a tradition among Mizrahi Jews, who ate it on Shabbat morning.Karat Caviar is a Russian Osetra caviar brand farmed in the Golan and has won several international awards. The Russian Osetra fingerlings were imported from the Caspian Sea.Limonana is a lemonade enriched with spearmint leavesBamba (snack) is a peanut butter-flavored snack food manufactured by the Osem corporation in Holon, Israel.Water-Gen, is an Israeli developed device that offers a low cost method of turning air into water.
The book "Blink" by Malcolm Gladwell argues that assessments we make in the blink of an eye can be as good as those we make after much deliberation. This seems unlikely, has this been your experience?
It pans out. But the reading level/intellectual absorption ability of readers is what makes Gladwell’s work so difficult. There are two kinds of consumers of his work—-and I’ve read 90% of his books—-one, people who seriously and regularly read and people who occasionally read something “fun” or interesting. Both are of course capable of symbology translation to information but both aren’t capable of understanding what they have translated in an extrapolative way.What do I mean by extrapolative?I mean taking in information. Holding it mentally. Considering it. Considering it against other information. Considering all of those pieces of information against Personal Experience. Synthesizing those two comparative content forms and extrapolating out a third new info iceberg.That third info iceberg, that I extrapolate from Gladwell’s work and others and my own experience—-is not Gladwell specific. It might be Gladwell informed, infused but it’s like chicken soup. Gladwell is just one of the vegetables—-my extrapolation is the chicken.So here’s what I do with Gladwell’s work which is essentially reporting on the experiences and skills of others. I see him as a contextualizer and perhaps even a tool for extrapolation but “blink” is not Gladwell’s baby, his theory not this ability. It might be the manifestation of his ability to insightfulness.The second reason why people might not understand or doubt blinkation is that rarely do we run into people or directly observe when people are performing blinkation.Bus DriversSitting on the bus, in the front seat, I routinely watch a man or a woman driver completely understand the size, maneuverability of this huge transport to shimmy through spaces and most impressively, pull out from behind another bus which seems to be only a foot away. And I watch them do it effortlessly. That’s a level of spatial awareness, physical ability, calculation, and experience. I’ve been on buses that have stopped suddenly as someone darts out in front of us, maneuver through speeding traffic and also spot waving passengers on curbs to pick up. Old, younger, male, female, it seems to be an ability bus drivers develop from thousands of hours of driving a year. But that awareness to what a bus can and cannot do, such a large vehicle, I’ve watched them do it with a blink.Most people don’t notice the experts around them because most of the first level experts are doing repetitive, mundane, seemingly simple work.Okay, My Personal Experiment. (You knew it was coming.)I had a student, on the precipice of college, doing all the prep courses and he was getting intensive mentoring from several teachers at Columbia because we mutually agreed he and his best friend had what teachers call potential. We’ll call him John and his best friend, who John dragged into the prep program, Joe.I routinely take my students places with me to expose them to multiple things, next levels, shift some of their intellectual and social class beliefs.At the time I was also asked by Columbia to teach students, under 24 years old, at a remanded (for minor drug offenses) program. The program tried to get their students to come from 72nd street, where Phoenix House is located (go ahead, do name puns—-I took it as a sign) to 116th, where my Columbia class was being taught (we’d switched to a larger classroom to make space for the influx) but to no avail. The students wouldn’t come. Phoenix House asked could Mohammed (me) come to 72nd street? I agreed to for a year.I had drafted John as an assistant and then got him included to the Phoenix House program, though he had no drug issue, they included him in their measurement of teens as the drug-influenced, from neighborhoods and under social pressures to use drugs, which was good. One of our struggles with prepping students to come in from non-traditional backgrounds (read: poor) had been that we, teachers, didn’t have time to be social workers. But Phoenix House was packed with social workers. They just didn’t have teachers. Viola! A match made in learning heaven!(Now you have context for the discussion John and I would have traveling.)John challenged me routinely that perhaps college education wouldn’t change him, challenge him, be of use to him. He could not see its’ effects and could only see it as a shitload of work and rules and regulations.I pointed out to him that the education does passively change you—-I compare it to a structuring of the mind by the learner that then translates out through their body, their language, their choices, their thinking. They don’t become infallible but they are different. Different than non-educated people. And for the vast majority of people, who will not become Kanye West or Anna Sui or have trust funds, that infusive transformation is what you need to operate in the world and even more importantly, what others judge you upon.He balked.So we invented a game because he’s an extreme extrovert and will talk to anyone, anywhere, at any time—-slightly shocking to an introvert like me—- but that’s one of his superpowers. And he’s polite, attractive and empathetic enough that he doesn’t offend people, male or female, when he approaches them.I would point out people on the train platform, the subway, walking along and I would lay out:their Social Class,educational history,where they were at in their work-life/careerand sometimes hobbies.And then, insanely, John would go up and ask them to verify my suppositions.100% of the time I was right.Poverty, Working Class, Middle Class, Upper Middle Class, Rich, Wealthy?High school, GED, Community college, Four-year college, degree, no degree, multiple degrees?Job, career, enjoying it, length of time, etc.?readers, not readers, sports, etc?Our Game’s point was that John couldn’t pretend to be things he wasn’t just based upon being handsome, some people could spot the truth right off.To my ability to “blink” people.I’ve been teaching for over 25 years and started on the university level as a TA so I can spot students, grad students, professors a mile away.Over those years I’ve also learned what the educated sound like.I’ve also been African American all my life and though I wasn't raised in poverty, nor the ghetto, I have relatives who were and I have gone back and forth through their worlds. Being AA means that I blend into communities of AAs, generally, unless I open my mouth. This means that I have in both my vernacular (which is one of the reasons why I'm often tapped to teach, head programs, teach teachers in urban areas/difficult (read: minority students), I speak and understand two languages/mindsets that most people don’t acknowledge as distinct cultures, Poverty (non-formally educated) and Middle Class (educated). Conversely by speaking two levels of AA/Ebonics, I therefore by default speak and understand White/White cultures very well.In one program, the students, all Latino decided to bar me out of their discussions by slipping into Spanish as I was teaching. It was about 6 of them. I understand some Spanish and eventually, I explained to them: They were a remedial class, aspiring to GED level, which meant that content-wise they possessed a vocabulary of under 1000 words in English and Spanish. My limited Spanish was enough to understand their limited Spanish because their Spanish (and English) was limited. Education, by the social class movement because of the expansion of the range of reality responsibilities, stimuli, work, reading, etc. increases vocabulary (Poverty is under 1000 words used regularly, Middle Class is 25,000, Rich/Wealthy is 2 million.). This goes deeply into why people don’t understand Education as the developmental/improvement science it is and what school “does” for a person.Which was my overall point to John.3. Also, I’ve done extensive studies in behavioral-psychology for my educational work and my work often overlaps with people heavily experienced in those areas. In order to codify and assist one another, they’ve regularly taught me their domain and because I’m a bigger learner bee, I go and take classes, training, buy books, ask questions about their domains—-so it’s like I come out with maybe 2 years worth of understanding on sociology, psychology, behavioral mechanics, social class, social class psychology, etc.. (At Phoenix House because of my absorption they offered to sign off on my CASAC hours—-becoming a Substance Abuse Counselor/certification. Part of why I got and understood the parameters and information was from having attended AA/NA meetings for years as a teenager to support a parent.)4. An insane habit I picked up from the Cosby Show, to enhance the 2 year interim between high school and college for me, was from The Huxtables asking Theo, who was having learning issues, his friend Cockroach’s differences because he was such an oddball but got straight A’s.Cockroach made a practice of in-class not only taking notes but obtaining and reading any outside material the professor mentioned, not just footnoting it but getting the book, info and absorbing that as well. By that process, he would get a broader and deeper understanding of a subject constantly.I did this in those two years before undergraduate and continue to do it now——my reading list from stores, school, and Amazon is extensive but also very broad AND purposefully deep in understanding of a domain/subject. I average reading about 250 books a year. No, I don’t watch TV regularly though I do have Netflix, Hulu and Amazon Prime TV (just this month addition—-I may drop Hulu after I watch How To Get Away With Murder to see Viola Davis just trounce the planet for acting. But I watch in chunks—-so I’ll save it up—-8 of the 16 episode season and watch that all at once on a day off in a few months.)I’m a big student of microaggressions, microexpressions, and Ekman’s FACS system (which is used to train law enforcement and government employees on “reading people”) from facial recognition expert, Dr. Paul Ekman, the template for Dr. Cal Lightman in the TV show Lie To Me. (I have all of the books, correlate books and research and DVDs—-it’s a fascinating system that he’s worked on for over 40 years.)Interestingly enough, one of the greatest teachers/professors for me at Columbia who has mentored me extensively because of my interest in furthering my teaching ability, is the renowned Stephen Brookfield. He’s done extensive work in studying and therefore teaching about microaggressions. The first days in his classes he fulfilled my mushy desire to attend Columbia post-grad, like Luke Skywalker at the end of Star Wars to be trained well, to experience Brookfield’s teaching about teaching, and I’ve taken his classes a minimum of 4 times each (“Repetition is the mother of skill”-Tony Robbins) was like training with Yoda. I watched him—-I can't completely quantify it—-I watched him “dance” literally, teach on a higher plane than I had been, for 20 years previously. My other mentors Carlene Hatcher Polite, Raymond Federman and Irving Feldman in Buffalo were that good but they were good in their domains (English, writing, creative writing, experimental writing) so my TAing/teaching sole class lesson was with a very good teacher, Professor See, but it wasn’t my career goal then. Brookfield’s expertise is teaching and it is a sight to behold, he is literally where science and art, form the artist, meet. My total fanboying out at him, the first few months before he arrived for class, I’d bought all of his books on Amazon and brought them to class for him to autograph. He’s THAT good, which I thought from buying his books and reading them (ala Cockroach) before taking his class (and now you have an insight into how engage classes—-I generally buy and read the material at least a semester before entering into the class.)To reading/learning ahead, it was a strategy reinforced by Where There’s A Will There’s An A, which a fellow student gave to me in undergraduate while I was struggling. I was a good, diligent worker but not a good student. It turned me around and yes, contained Cockroach’s strategies!I also grew up with very educated parents and grandparents but more germane to this point, my parents, for years, biological and step, were involved with drugs, crime, street life. I know more street games, insights, tricks, traps, dramas, hustles and ways to do things, not do things, not get caught, manipulate than anyone would ever estimate. When I first read The 48 Laws of Power I talked about it with my mother and we laughed that he was only running out some of the medium level laws. She’s done things, my father has done things, my stepfathers have done things, I’ve done things. Not all of those things shall I discuss.I socialize outside of my ethnic wheelhouse so that no race or ethnicity feels “foreign” to me. Weekly I play mah-jong with three women down on Canal Street at a seedy dive bar one of them owns—-1 Cuban, 1 Chinese and 1 Vietnamese/Korean woman. Me, them, mah-jong and sometimes Go. (Go is Life. Go is the universe. Go is 1 of the Four High Noble Arts. I digress. But my mother taught me chess before 5 and would regularly pit me against her brother’s son in chess and boxing—-yes, like fighting cocks. At 5.))My parents made a very distinct effort to a lesson: To make me sound like this, as my social leverage. (As an aside I’ve noticed that not only am I more acceptable to White people but unconsciously being acclimated to White language as dominance, control and being worthy of respect—-I gain an advantage with Blacks and Latinos. Bluntly, I put it because I sound in their unconscious like the voice of the Master.)Verbally I speak “proper” English, good grammar, which infuses both manners and upper-class knowledge because I’m both comfortable and don’t stand out, negatively in environments. I’ve been regularly asked since I was a child if I was born in America (I was born and raised in Manhattan), if my parents are White (insulting. no, none of them are/have been.), if I’m from wealth (no, closest would be slightly Upper Middle Class—-which by Black/Latino estimations might seem wealthy to far too large a percentage.) What does though is it provides me Access & Opportunity (which is what we were trying to give John and Joe. In spite of my personal and internal tremors, I go to Colombia and Princeton and high corporate spaces and I “fit” in. I go to art galleries and talk to artists and curators and can hold my own, partially from my own knowledge and interests but because I present well. I’m finally breaking down in a couple of weeks and going to a wine tasting/lessons class—-though I don’t care for wine that much I think it’s another basic skill and understanding I should have on my “Utility belt”.Another point is: I am an only child. People think only children are spoiled. No, we're not, we’re saturated. I’ve spent more time with adults because it was easier to take an obedient, well-mannered 7-year-old to a 4-star restaurant several nights a week than get a reliable babysitter. My parents were also outliers from their own families so they talked to me and treated me in many ways, in advanced fashions, than most children I’ve known—-I recognized this even as a child.Bringing It Home To The QuestionAll of the above and some things I haven’t mentioned give me a blink insight to people, situations, status, what’s going on. My mandate from my parents wasn’t to be good, to be well mannered, it was to: pay attention.A hilarious aside: My mother was trying to impress a point upon me at like 8. She said that I had to pay attention, to even her, when I would come from school to meet her to go out to dinner. I had to pay attention to what was going on around me and her. That if I approached her on a street corner and she was standing with someone and she turned to me and said: “Hello, little boy, are you lost? My name is Aisha, can I help you?” that if I were paying attention as I should always be, I would know that something was up and she might be trying to save my life. To keep on walking as if I didn’t know her.Yeah, hardcore lessons like that.And ironically, a few years later, there were situations where she put herself before me in a dangerous one, and in another, I had to assess what was happening, leave her as a captive and rabbit away for help.I had to know what the fuck was going down, in a blink, even with my own family.Further, further, further, as I’ve written about before, when I’m doing training of teachers and corporate pieces of training, those who can veil the best from me (for a time) include people like me who have been sexually abused as children because you had to learn how to spot the abuser and their moods to avoid them after a while. That’s not a skill they teach you formally in law enforcement courses but it is an experience that makes some of the best teachers, psychologists and law enforcement people.My father was even more annoyingly diligent to this attention ability.From that, I’ve developed what Gladwell is isolating as blink, a summation of skills, experiences and insights that correlate into an ability to broadly and deeply ascertain information when focused at people, situations, long term patterns about stuff. I sometimes ask seemingly obtuse questions or I press at points (in Brookfield’s classes we learn about Conversational Roles, based on personality, mine is generally the Detective) and I’ve done assessments and assessed thousands of people so I have “categories” in my head, like fabric swatches that I’m flipping through while talking to you. And matching, rematching, merging.What it does on an interpersonal level is I am very rarely am caught by untrustworthy people or into scams. The times I have been I, purposefully and deliberately, did not listen to the nagging instinct inside. The nagging insight/instinct sounds like a No in my head.Now sometimes I know instantly from the wealth of information I know about stuff (which I think is the Insight/Instinct demanding fuel to press for my constant learning of stuff—-(Feed, Seymour, he wants more swatches!)—-and other times it’s a small whispery but firm no, a doubt that I may not have enough information about to be able to “see” clearly.“Hey, little boy, come over here I want to show you something!” That’s an easy one.“Look at this thing on the table, sir!” I NEVER look when someone wants me to look at something, I look AROUND ME first—-are they trying to distract me? When I ascertain that it is simply about the thing on the table, I look. Don’t show me shit on your cellphone if you have a direction question on the street—-I’m going to keep you at arm's length and ask you to LANGUAGE it.My blinkation isn’t paranoia, it’s an effort to have a complete situational awareness (which I scored 100% of a federal test of and teach as part of the National Work Readiness certification that the government has created. lol)Sometimes it’s exhausting because I often see “better” ways or more efficient ways to do things (me at the counter at Wendy’s with a sour and perhaps judgmental expression on my face about their process behind the counter. My secret desire is to work for them again—-I did as a teenager—-and make a restaurant team purr and hum efficiently.) and as a spiritual practice, I have evaluated when to speak up and when to see that glaring error as simply the human condition, humanity at work, a non-teachable moment.One of my biggest lessons and liberations of self, again from Brookfield, was when not to teach. To not identify teaching as a vocation so that one doesn't feel the need to do it constantly and annoyingly ad nauseum. Do it in certain venues or certain platforms and smile politely, graciously and with class, excuse people otherwise. (That Brookfield is like Yoda, I tell you!)Back to John and JoeSo John and I play this game for at least a year. Eventually, he fizzles out in spite of our efforts to slowly move him along in college-level classes. (To maintain anonymity, I won’t go into his specific issue but it was by his choice, low self-esteem choices, ghetto choices and continue to be so. He knows and understands the difference but doing nothing is easier for him——another thing one learns as a Master Teacher to accept in spite of the blazing potential some students have. Not learning this key is often why new/younger teachers burn out.I think of my work like a Trauma Surgeon—-I’m there to work on the big issues to move you on to the next healthier stage. I’m not your friend, hand-holding General Practitioner who wants to be with you for years. I’m the guy they wheel you into from a battlefield, and in a blink, I ascertain that this one is worth working on and that one isn’t. And yes, that means taking on the responsibility for knowing you’re affecting lives and their outcomes and you could be wrong—-which is why people like me work so hard to “know it all” to minimize being wrong with people’s life outcomes.)John is currently closing in on 30, working for less than $15 an hour, with no GED and making more babies. He has become the Latino stereotype we were trying to help him avoid.But Joe…Joe was more subtle. He worked regularly to support himself, had a good work ethic. So he couldn’t spend as much mentorship time with me as John did, however, he would seek me out. Should he buy this book? Could I keep him abreast of lessons? One day, walking from Columbia through Harlem, I bumped into him and he explained that his work schedule made attending my classes impossible, was there any other option? I had started a satellite intensive evening program in Brooklyn with the NYDOE, could he do that? No, but I went over with him an array of classes.Another teacher at Columbia regularly asked about Joe and said she thought he had lots of potential too so was I willing to help him from a distance stay attached to the system? I agreed to and helped him along as best as possible, only seeing him every few months or online. My biggest intercession was to then get the program at Columbia to amend itself to his schedule, which is social class leverage/reaching—which is integral to Blacks and Latinos advancement—-access and opportunity, moving vertically, having an advocate in the right space, influential to your life goals, places.He gets his GED. He gets into a small private college. He graduates with an Associates. Then he graduates with a Bachelors's and is now working on a Master's. This has paralleled another student who is now studying abroad in Spain.Yes, Joe was handsome too like John, but he’s more of an introvert; he and John both had about the same level of work ethic but Joe doesn’t see his attractiveness as an entree to leverage others. John does. Both though have followed a poverty Latino paradigm of having children before 25, which hampers Joe now, he’s not yet 30, with 3 kids. That means that his personal ability to move around—-say a 6-month internship in Japan or working at a job in Paris for 2 years, is narrowed by the demand to be here and raising, supporting, paying for those kids. Something I regularly did with them and all of my male students was hammer home condom use, safe sex (HIV being the equivalent of an unplanned child before 25)—I often stop in CVS and buy them a drink and box of condoms while we’re walking.In the blinkation, on subways and in classes, I can see where people are, what they’ve done. A little communication with them and I have a solid picture. In schools though, in classes, it’s invaluable to maintaining a connection, to help students imagine a path that they haven’t formed eyes for yet. But, maturely, I’ve had to learn the difference between my insight to potential and their ability to fulfill it.But yes, with a short period of time, less than a minute, I have the educational, life experience and formal and informal assessments, in my head, to ascertain a lot about a person, including truthfulness, intentions, etc..It seems like it would be amazing but to me it’s ordinary and there are other skills—-like John’s effortless charm and approaching total strangers and striking up conversations, friendships, and relationships—-that are not within my wheelhouse and even baffle me slightly as I watch.I teach, with assessments, that we all have developable superpowers, it’s education, formal and informal and experience that can bring it to recognition level of blink though. People not knowing that formula and not having access readily to people who do it, is why Gladwell’s contextualized theory seems so unattainable.#KylePhoenix#TheKylePhoenix